4 1. ExpositionThis usually occurs at the beginning of a short story. Here the characters are introduced. We also learn about the setting of the story. Most importantly, we are introduced to the main conflict (main problem).
5 ExpositionWhen Cinderella was very young, she had a happy life. Then, one day, her mother died. Soon after, Cinderella’s father married a woman who had two daughters of her own. Cinderella’s stepmother and stepsisters were not very kind. The Stepmother gave her daughters fancy dresses and wonderful toys. She gave Cinderella nothing.Cinderella’s father dies and leaves her at the mercy of her stepmother and stepsisters. They are cruel to her and treat her as if she were their servant. Despite all of this, Cinderella remains hopeful and is always pleasant.
6 2. Rising ActionThis part of the story begins to develop the conflict(s). A building of interest or suspense occurs.
7 Rising ActionOne day a letter arrives, inviting all young maidens in the land to attend a ball at the prince’s castle. Cinderella wants to attend the ball, but her cruel stepmother and stepsisters try to prevent her from going and meeting the prince.With the help of her fairy godmother, Cinderella attends the ball and meets the prince. They fall madly in love. Cinderella flees the castle at midnight, because the spell the fairy godmother placed on her is over. She returns to her rags, but one of her glass slippers fell off as she ran from the castle. The prince finds the slipper and vows to marry the girl whom the slipper fits.
8 3. ClimaxThis is the turning point of the story. Usually the main character comes face to face with a conflict. The main character will change in some way.
9 ClimaxThe prince arrives at Cinderella’s house. The stepsisters try on the slipper and it does not fit. As the prince prepares to leave, Cinderella asks the prince if she would be able to try on the slipper. The prince slips the slipper onto Cinderella’s foot…and….it fits!
10 4. Falling ActionAll loose ends of the plot are tied up. The conflict(s) and climax are taken care of.
11 Falling ActionCinderella and the prince are married and they move to the castle. Despite being treated like a servant and enduring many hardships, Cinderella forgives her stepmother and stepsisters and invites them to live at the castle.
12 5. ResolutionThe story comes to a reasonable ending.
17 character vs. character Types of Conflictcharacter vs. character(external)
18 Types of Conflictcharacter vs. nature(external)
19 character vs. supernatural Types of Conflictcharacter vs. supernatural(external)
20 Other External Conflicts Character vs. fateCharacter vs. societyCharacter vs. technology/machine
21 LITERARY TECHNIQUES USED TO CREATE INTEREST Suspense is a feeling of uncertainty about the outcome of events. Writers create suspense by raising questions in the minds of the readers.
22 LITERARY TECHNIQUES USED TO CREATE INTEREST Foreshadowing occurs when the writer uses clues that lead the reader to predict what will happen later
23 LITERARY TECHNIQUES USED TO CREATE INTEREST Flashback is a strategy where the author takes the reader back to events that occurred before the present time of the story.
24 LITERARY TECHNIQUES USED TO CREATE INTEREST Irony is the contrast between what is expected or what appears to be and what actually is. There are three types of irony.
25 Dramatic IronyDramatic Irony occurs when the reader or viewer knows something a character does not.
26 Situation IronyIrony of situation or situation irony occurs when an event happens that directly contradicts the expectations of the characters, readers, or audience.
27 Verbal IronyVerbal irony occurs when words are used that suggest the opposite of what is meant. Sarcasm is a common form of verbal irony.Example: The simple comment, "Oh Great" after something rotten happens is verbal irony.Sarcasm 101