Presentation on theme: "UNIT 4 REVIEW. 1. An example of responsible citizenship for people under the age of 18 is— A. voting B. joining the military C. serving on a jury D. following."— Presentation transcript:
2. The significance of Marbury v. Madison (1803), was the Justices of the Supreme Court established their power. to— A. exercise judicial review B. hold office for life C. impeach the President D. settle disputes between states
3. The Supreme Court decisions in McCulloch v. Maryland and Gibbons v. Ogden dealt with— A. freedom of speech B. equal protection under the law C. the supremacy of the national government D.the rights of labor unions
ANSWER 3 C. the supremacy of the national government
4. Judicial review gives the United States Supreme Court the power to— A. grant pardons to prisoners held in federal penitentiaries B. examine the qualifications of judges appointed to lower courts C. decide on the constitutionality of laws D. impeach the president of the United States
ANSWER 4 C. decide on the constitutionality of laws
5. How did the appointment of “midnight judges” by President Adams impact future Supreme Court cases? A. resulted in the ruling of McCulloch v. Maryland B. led to the principle of judicial review C. explained the creation of the chief justice position D. allowed presidents to decide important cases
ANSWER 5 B. led to the principle of judicial review
6. One reason a free enterprise system was established in the U.S. after the American Revolution was— A. Americans saw the system work previously in Canada B. Washington issued a Presidential order sanctioning it C. Americans hated the government control of trade they had experienced as colonists D. It would pay the national debt resulting from the Revolution
ANSWER 6 C. Americans hated the government control of trade they had experienced as colonists
7. During the early 1770s, which factor weakened mercantilism in the colonies? A. European inflation increased the cost of goods. B. Colonists began producing their own goods. C. Joint stock companies stopped investing in the colonies. D. Gold and silver fueled British colonization efforts.
ANSWER 7 B. Colonists began producing their own goods.
8. Which one of the following was a result of the War of 1812? A. Sectional differences increased throughout the United States B. Encouraged widespread British settlement in the Northwest C. Native American resistance grew stronger over time D. Manufacturing increased throughout the United States
ANSWER 8 D. Manufacturing increased throughout the United States
9. As a result of the War of 1812, Americans realized that— A. Britain would block trade with other countries B. France could not supply raw materials needed for production. C. They were too dependent on foreign goods D. Foreign goods were too expensive
10. What was the main purpose of the Lewis & Clark expedition? A. Find a water route across North America B. Establish trade with the French C. Promote the purchase of the Louisiana territory D. Discover sources of gold
ANSWER 10 A. Find a water route across North America
11. During their exploration, Lewis and Clark had to contend with which of the following geographic features— A. Great Lakes B. Appalachian Mountains C. Rocky Mountains D. Atlantic Ocean
12 What effect did the Louisiana Purchase have on the United States? A. It doubled the size of the nation. B. It enabled the United States to use the port of San Francisco. C. It brought Texas into the Union. D. It created an alliance between the United States and Great Britain.
ANSWER 12 A. It doubled the size of the nation.
13 A primary goal of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to A. prevent European intervention in Latin America B. create an opportunity for the annexation of Canada C. protect the site of a canal across Central America D. help European nations establish new Western Hemisphere colonies
ANSWER 13 A. prevent European intervention in Latin America
14 In Washington’s Farewell Address, he urged America to— A. stop killing Native Americans B. become a major world power C. avoid alliances with other countries D. end slavery
ANSWER 14 C. avoid alliances with other countries
15. The War of 1812 ended with the signing of— A. the Treaty of Ghent B. the Treaty of Paris C. Jay’s Treaty D. Pinckney’s Treaty
16 During Washington’s administration, which influential politician opposed Alexander Hamilton’s plan to pay off the national debt? A. Martin Van Buren B. William Henry Harrison C. Thomas Jefferson D. George Washington
17 George Washington created the Judiciary Act of 1789 resulting in— A. Thomas Jefferson being elected to Vice President B. the formation of Washington’s first cabinet C. the creation of a National Bank by Alexander Hamilton D. the appointment of John Jay as Chief Justice
ANSWER 17 D. the appointment of John Jay as Chief Justice
18. One major reason that Alexander Hamilton proposed a national bank was to A. improve the economic position of the United States government B. help state governments collect taxes C. make loans available to owners of small farms D. reduce foreign investment in the United States
ANSWER 18 A. improve the economic position of the United States government
19 How did the Jay Treaty with Britain compare with the way the Americans handled the X, Y, Z Affair with France? A. France increased its military presence in the Pacific. B. The Jay Treaty averted war while the X, Y, Z Affair led to further hostilities. C. They both resulted in the U.S. gaining more territory. D. The X, Y, Z Treaty helped the Republicans win the next election.
ANSWER 19 B. The Jay Treaty averted war while the X, Y, Z Affair led to further hostilities.