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Evidence at Saturn for an Inner Magnetospheric Convection Pattern, Fixed in Local Time M. F. Thomsen (1), R. L. Tokar (1), E. Roussos (2), M. Andriopoulou.

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Presentation on theme: "Evidence at Saturn for an Inner Magnetospheric Convection Pattern, Fixed in Local Time M. F. Thomsen (1), R. L. Tokar (1), E. Roussos (2), M. Andriopoulou."— Presentation transcript:

1 Evidence at Saturn for an Inner Magnetospheric Convection Pattern, Fixed in Local Time M. F. Thomsen (1), R. L. Tokar (1), E. Roussos (2), M. Andriopoulou (2), C. Paranicas (3), P. Kollman (2), and C. S. Arridge (4) (also thanks to Don Gurnett) (1) Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM (2) Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Lindau, Germany (3) Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD (4) Mullard Space Science Laboratory, University College London, Holmbury St. Mary, Surrey, UK Magnetospheres of the Outer Planets Boston, MA July 2011

2 New Survey of Local Time Dependence of CAPS/IMS Ion Plasma Moments (Follow-up to Thomsen et al., JGR, 2010; extended to 30 Sep 2010) Same filters: Actuator operating Spacecraft not rotating Moments-calculation iteration converges Corotation in FOV

3 Significant scatter, but trend is evident: Temperatures are lower near noon H+ H2+ W+ 6 < r < 77 < r < 88 < r < 99 < r < 10 (low latitude; corotation in FOV) Temperature (eV)

4 Simple cos(LT) fits

5 Why is the plasma temperature higher on the nightside than on the dayside? Adiabatic variations in plasma circulating asymmetrically? T ~ B ~ r -3 High B, high T Low B, low T

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8 Offset needed to map midnight T(r) curve to noon T(r) curve

9 Other evidence for asymmetric drift orbits: Day-night asymmetry in cold electron temperature (CAPS/ELS) e-e- [see also DeJong et al., GRL, 2011, for similar asymmetries in eV electrons.]

10 Day-night asymmetry in cold electron temperature e-e-

11 Other evidence for asymmetric drift orbits: Satellite microsignature locations Microsignatures observed OUTSIDE satellite orbit on dayside, INSIDE of satellite orbit on nightside. Roussos et al., J. Geophys. Res., 112, A06214, Tethys 4.9 Rs Dione 6.2 Rs

12 Absorption microsignatures trace the radial component of particle drifts Satellite orbit Microsignature created at midnight Microsignature created at noon

13 Tethys (L=4.9) Tethys Dione (L=6.2) (Radial offsets of this magnitude could also arise from gradient drift effects if the dayside magnetic field is ~30-40% higher than the nightside field, but no such field asymmetries are observed [e.g., Kollmann et al., JGR, 2011].)

14 e-e- Tethys Dione

15 Other evidence for asymmetric drift orbits: Day-Night Asymmetries in Energetic Particle Fluxes [Paranicas et al., JGR, A09214, 2010.] keV electrons

16 Day-Night Asymmetries in Energetic Particle Fluxes: Phase-Space Densities 21 < LT < 3 9 < LT < < LT < 3 9 < LT < 15

17 Day-Night Asymmetries in Energetic Particle Fluxes: Phase-Space Densities DAYSIDE NIGHTSIDE

18 e-e- Tethys Dione Day-Night Asymmetries in Energetic Particle Fluxes: Phase-Space Densities Electrons Mu=0.6 Mu=2.0 Mu=5.0 Protons Mu=1.2 Mu=2.3 Mu=4.6 Mu=8.0 Mu=12.0 Mu=20.0

19 Other evidence for asymmetric drift orbits: Day-night asymmetries in A-Ring absorption signatures Paranicas, JGR, 115, A07216, E e ~ keV 12.5 LT 23.2 LT 12.5 LT

20 Similar offset in total electron density [after Gurnett et al., Science, 2005 (courtesy, Don Gurnett)] R=2.442 R=2.342 R=2.247 R=2.239

21 Comparison of drop-offs of electron density and energetic particles at A-Ring edge => Offsets exist all the way to the rings. Inbound (12.5 LT) Outbound (23.2 LT)  R(noon-midnight)~0.1 Rs

22 Noon-midnight asymmetry of drift orbits requires a net outflow from midnight through dawn to noon, i.e., a net noon-to-midnight electric field, in addition to the corotational field. For a uniform noon-to-midnight electric field, the azimuthal component is where  is the local time in degrees. The radial displacement in drifting from  1 =0 (midnight) to  2 =180 (noon) is FLOW E So, for a dipole magnetic field:

23 Comparison with other estimates Paranicas et al. [2010]:“To reproduce our data, we require the drift paths to be shifted toward noon (not dawn or dusk). Furthermore, a shift of 0.09 R S in our calculation corresponds to an electric field of at least 5 × 10 −4 V/m pointing from noon to midnight.” 0.5 mV/m noon to midnight at L~2.7 Roussos et al. [2007]:“The … electric field … should have a strength of more than 0.1 mV/m to account for the observed displacements.” 0.1 mV/m noon to midnight at L~4.9 Roussos et al. [2010]: Azimuthal electric field strengths <~1 mV/m were derived from the energy dependence of the relative displacements of microsignatures of Tethys. See also Roussos et al., this meeting

24 Summary Evidence for asymmetric drift paths (r noon >r midnight ) – Day/night ion temperature variation (T noon


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