Presentation on theme: "Bell Ringer: What features describe the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies? Left Group: New England Center Group: Middle Right Group: Southern."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Ringer: What features describe the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies? Left Group: New England Center Group: Middle Right Group: Southern
What European countries had colonies in America? Britain France Spain Native Americans were also here trying to survive.
I. North America as part of the British Empire A. Colonies provide raw materials to England B. England controls American trade C. England fights with France & Spain for control of North America
Bell Ringer: What are the characteristics of the two sides in the war? 1’s tell 2’s 2 things about the British 2’s tell the 1’s 2 things about the French
North America in 1750
II. French & Indian War ( ) A. France & England fight for control of Ohio Valley & Canada B. Early part of the war in western Pennsylvania Ft. Duquesne built by the French
a. Major George Washington sent by Virginia to kick French out of P A b. GW defeated at Ft. Necessity - war begins i. Kills a French diplomat & builds Ft. Necessity
Fort Duquesene Fort Necessity
GW returns with a larger British force a. commander - General Edward Braddock b. Braddock killed – mission fails
C. Strategic locations captured by the British Ft. Louisbourg (St. Lawrence River) Ft. Duquesne (Ohio River) a. Rebuilt & named after the British leader, William Pitt
Ft. Niagara (Great Lakes) Quebec (capital of New France) a. French led by Montcalm b. British led by Wolfe both killed c. Battle occurs on the Plains of Abraham
Bell Ringer: What effect did the war have on the relationship between the British and the American Colonists?
British March in formation or bayonet charge. Br. officers wanted to take charge of colonials. Prima Donna Br. officers with servants & tea settings. Drills & tough discipline. Colonists should pay for their own defense. Indian-style guerilla tactics. Col. militias served under own captains. No mil. deference or protocols observed. Resistance to rising taxes. Casual, non-professionals. Methods of Fighting: Military Organization: Military Discipline: Finances: Demeanor: British-American Colonial Tensions Colonials
Attempted to create a single government to lead the colonies Albany Plan of Union
D. Treaty of Paris signed in France lost its empire in North America 2. Spain gained some land 3. British obtained MUCH land in North America a. Gained a £ 130 million debt b. Biter feelings toward the colonists 4. Americans were united and began to not trust the British
North America in 1763
E. Pontiac ’ s Rebellion (1763) 1. Tension along the frontier a. Settlers went past the Proclamation Line of Pontiac and allies attacked settlements and forts in their areas
Pontiac’s Rebellion (1763)
Proclamation of 1763
III. Crisis Over Taxes A. British Parliament thinks colonists should help pay off the debt caused by the F & I War 1. Sugar Act (1764) illegal to buy non- British sugar (ignored) 2. Stamp Act (Feb 1765) – taxed legal documents, newspapers, and other printed items
Were the British right to put taxes on the Colonists? How did the Colonists respond to the taxes that were passed?
B. Colonists Respond No Taxation Without Representation 1. No Taxation Without Representation” – colonists don ’ t elect members to Parliament 2. Angry colonists protest sometimes violently 4. Stamp Act Congress (Oct 1765): meeting of delegates from 9 colonies – 3. Boycott: colonists refuse to buy British goods a. Send a petition to George III
C. Parliament Responds 1. Boycott causes loss of income a. placed taxes on paper, paint, lead, glass, and tea 3. British send troops to enforce these laws a. Stamp Act repealed (1766) 2. New idea for taxation: Townshend Acts (June 1767) b. colonists could produce these
Tar and Feathering
IV. The Crisis Worsens A. The Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770) 1. Conflict between British soldiers and colonists 2. Colonists throw snow & ice at soldiers 3. Someone yelled “FIRE”& soldiers shot at the people 4. Five citizens killed including Crispus Attucks B. Townshend Acts repealed (March 5, 1770)
The Bloody Massacre ( March 27,1770 ) By Paul Revere
The Boston Massacre ( April 10,1770 ) By Henry Pelham
The Boston Massacre (1868) By Alonzo Chappel
TOD: Bring in an example of propaganda from the media. (newspapers, internet, T.V., etc…)
Bell Ringer: Take out the example of propaganda. Share the example with the class and tell why it is propaganda.
Committees of Correspondence Purpose Warn neighboring colonies about incidents with Br. Broaden the resistance movement.
C. Tea Act (May 1773) 1. Colonists must buy tea from the British East India Company 2. 3 ¢ per pound tax on tea, but it was cheaper a. Monopoly on tea and cut out colonial businessmen
D. Boston Tea Party (December 1773) 1. Colonists angry about the tax on tea 2. Protesters, led by Samuel Adams, threw 342 chest of tea into Boston Harbor
Boston Tea Party (1773)
CP Classes: Write a letter to the editor in response to the Boston Tea Party. 1’s will write as if they were supporting the Loyalist side. 2’s will write as if they were supporting the Patriot side.
GN Classes: Write a 1 paragraph response to the Boston Tea Party and preceding events from a certain perspective. 1’s will write as if they were supporting the Loyalist side. 2’s will write as if they were supporting the Patriot side.
E. Intolerable Acts (Spring 1774) – 2. Port of Boston closed until the tea was paid for ( £ 9000) 3. Governor of MA replaced with a military general 4. Elected officials replaced with appointed officials 5. Colonists must provide housing for British soldiers 1. Passed by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for the Tea Party
V. The Road to War A. First Continental Congress (September 1774) colonies send delegates to Philadelphia 2. Purpose: restore peace, NOT declare independence Independence Hall
3. Agree on a course of action a. Ignore Intolerable Acts b. Continue boycott of British goods c. Set up colonial militias i. Citizen-soldiers trained to serve in an emergency
B. Fighting Begins: Lexington & Concord (April 1775) 1. Colonial militias have arms stored in Concord 2. British set out to capture these arms
The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere 1)Read the Poem “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. 2) Write a short synopsis of the events of the poem. 3) Read the Real Midnight Ride of Paul Revere. 4) Compare and Contrast the two by creating a graphic organizer to display the information.
The British Are Coming... Paul Revere & William Dawes make their midnight ride to warn the Minutemen of approaching British soldiers. Fact ?? Fiction ??
3. British meet Lexington militia & shots are fired; 8 colonists killed 4. British find no weapons at Concord & retreat to Boston 5. Colonial militias attack the retreating Redcoats with ambushes a. colonial casualties: 49 dead, 41 wounded b. British casualties: 73 dead, 174 wounded; 26 missing
The Shot Heard ’ Round the World ! Who Fired It ?