1. Race in science fiction Representation of raced other Alien/ immigrant non-English speaking) non-white
2. Race in science fiction How science and technology affect non-hegemonic societies/individuals How science and technology can be USED by non- hegemonic societies
3. Race in science fiction Narration from the perspective of a non-white, non- hegemonic, non American individual/population
Why is race not represented in scifi? Tradition from Astounding science and other magazines Focus on technology and science as “neutral” It reflects the tradition of literature and culture in general
Recurring issues explored Physical diversity Cultural diversity Speech/language Ethnicity and traditions
chronology 1960-70 human right/anti-racist movement 1967 Teatro Campesino (Chicana Culture) 1974 Sun Ra and his Arkestra featured in “Space is the Place” (Afro-American culture) 1987 Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa 1990-on Guillermo Gomez Pena 1994 Mark Dery (defined Afrofuturism)
Chicana-futurism 1987 -Narrates colonial and postcolonial histories of "indigenismo", "mestizaje", hegemony, and survival. -how chicano/chicana are 1.alienated from technologies 2.have to work with/are affected by them
Borderland /la Frontera Gloria Evangelina Anzaldúa (1987) "new mestiza" = individual aware of her conflicting and meshing identities and uses these "new angles of vision" to challenge binary thinking in the Western World
Mark Dery : “Mainstream science fiction takes inspiration from things that are going on in society, but often does not include the viewpoint of those in the African Diaspora. In the spirit of filling in this gap, the artists and writers in the Afro-futurist tradition seek to include us in the future settings that we are often left out of." Afrofuturism 1994
What is it? Asks the questions: How would science and technology be if they were invented/explored by our people? How can we rewrite the origin story of the African American people using the science fiction genre? How can we name/renmane technologies using our own mother- tongue?
The Midnight Robber Synthesis of different genres Hybrid language (creole)
The Midnight Robber Technology Positive, motherly role of technology Technology of disappearance makes the diasporic body reappear Renaming of technologies (Nanny Grammy, nansi web)
Trinidad & Tobago Myths 1. Douen: lost souls of children that had not yet been baptized or christened. 2. Eshu messenger between human and divine worlds, Undergod of duality, crossroads and beginnings, and also a phallic and fertility Undergod.