Presentation on theme: "The digital age of information is not yet a done deal and copyright is not the only potential “block” DRM."— Presentation transcript:
The digital age of information is not yet a done deal and copyright is not the only potential “block” DRM
book modification Although Claire wrote: “One response to this has been the rise of technological protection measures (TPM), so-called Digital Rights Management technologies. Digital Rights Management, or DRM, is a technology that enforces a restriction on the use of content after it passes into the hands of the user.” I'd just as soon not limit DRM to “after it passes into the hands of the user” because in the future we are going to see many of these that don’t allow material to get that far and still act to manage digital rights.
who’s digital rights managed? the IP ownership rights of the legal rights owner the schemes don’t protect the digital rights of users. Although, big content holders say that the measures protect consumers from breaking the law without knowing it, and/or dissuade them from trying as they would if doing so were easy.
places/ways to exert control the physical layer your cd/dvd will not engage at all with/in certain devices in order to get the “last mile” in a fiber system, we might go to wireless relays that could control access log on technologies of many sorts) the code layer encryption issues proprietary platform issues net neutrality issues) the content layer “traditional” DRM speed bumps watermarks flags
strength of control/applied to what functions? strong everything you have to the single use we allow. (dvd) moderate everything you have to multiple uses we allow (e.g.,downloaded music) only some aspects of the thing you have, to single uses (e.g.,downloaded movies--free watching, no copying/transfer) weak not everything you have and only in some uses. (version file conversions; free play music over networks, etc.)
in this corner: Pro-drm if you don’t lock it up, they'll steal it. user rights? we think users have way fewer rights than they think they do or than they actually do. audio cds can be protected (sort of) DRM is strongly supported by the DMCA and further extension of it is hotly pursued by big media AND big software. CSS (and other schemes) lock dvds Universal City Studios, Inc. v. Reimerdes, 2001 321 Studios, 2004 loads of folks zero in here with the need for the lock down, ways to do it, and money to be made by doing it.
drm is HUGE business “Windows Media Digital Rights Management (DRM) is a proven platform to protect and securely deliver content for playback on computers, portable devices, and network devices. The latest version offers increased flexibility to support a wide range of business models that provide consumers even greater access to protected audio and video content.” http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windowsmedia/forpros/dr m/default.mspx Digital rights Management Standards News from DMR watch http://www.drmwatch.com/standards/ RIAA, MPAA, Software Associations, all want better/more
in this corner: con DRM con: locking it up is often an excessive intrusion on user rights. con:don't blame users for the lack of user law and don't limit their fair use rights because of that void con: rootkit fiasco... generally, drm doesn’t work and often violates user rights neutral but true: No widely distributed DRM scheme has yet actually defeated determined users DeCSS (and other such schemes) unlock them DVD rip studio or others: the stuff is like mushrooms Apple gave up FTC cautions about how it’s done loads of folks are "agin it" Creative commons EFF ALA
some of the battlegrounds downloaded music: pro: fairplay, WMA, PlaysForSure, services (ruckus— oopppss--, napster 2.0) con: napster 1.0, grokster, limewire and a zillion others Digital TV: pay for services restrictions broadcast flag restrictions interoperability restrictions
some of the battlegrounds analog hole initially a TV issue, but actually has applicability to all media. Blocking analog to digital conversion interoperability. conversion to digital (starts with TV) again, all media are implicated here as if it's digital, it can be (potentially) controlled, maybe. Software Anti-piracy/copying/mass production/duplication Interoperability in all mediums Virtual World content Cryptography Others that I didn’t think of?