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Cosc 5/4730 Android media Part 2: Pictures and Video.

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Presentation on theme: "Cosc 5/4730 Android media Part 2: Pictures and Video."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cosc 5/4730 Android media Part 2: Pictures and Video

2 Emulators and Samsung The emulators all have problems, much of the following code has been tested on the actual phones Video playback code works, but the video may not always display in the emulators android – Video/picture capture does not work as documented. Samsung hardware! – Some Samsung devices have many problems. Something about their hardware… search for the video and samsung for some possible answers.

3 PLAY MEDIA Android

4 Supported formats In general Android’s support is consistent with other mobile phones. It supports the 3GP (.3gp) and MPEG-4 (.mp4) file formats. – 3GP is a video standard derived from MPEG-4 specifically for use by mobile devices. As far as codecs go, Android supports H.263, a codec designed for low-latency and low-bitrate videoconferencing applications. H.263 video is supported in either MPEG-4 (.mp4) or 3GP (.3gp) files. Android also supports MPEG-4 Simple Profile in 3GP files (.3gp) as well as H.264.

5 Android First method – For greater flexibility you will need to use the mediaPlayer and a surfaceView MediaPlayer like the audio and use a surfaceView to display the video. There are examples in the API demo, plus several of the books. The second method uses a VideoView to display. – The VideoView uses a MediaController to start and stop and provide functions to control the video play back. – With a MediaPlayer like the audio. prepare(), then start() – This is one I’ll cover in this lecture.

6 VideoView VideoView is a View that has video playback capabilities and can be used directly in a layout. We can then add controls (play, pause, forward, back, etc) with the MediaController.

7 ViewView example Get the ViewView out of the layout vv = (VideoView) this.findViewById(; Setup where the file to play is Uri videoUri = Uri.parse(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory ().getPath() + "/example.mp4"); vv.setVideoURI(videoUri); play the video vv.start();

8 Adding media controllers. Very simple vv = (VideoView) this.findViewById(; vv.setMediaController(new MediaController(this)); Now media controls will show up on the screen.

9 Using native media player Call for an Intent and send it. Uri data = Uri.parse(VideoFile); intent.setDataAndType(data, "video/mp4"); startActivity(intent); Remember, your app is now in the background.

10 Example code The VideoPlay example code – This will play a video from the internet. – If you can uncomment the code to have it play the video from the sdcard, but you will need to copy the file to the sdcard.


12 Displaying Pictures – See code already covered to how display pictures. ImageView for example…


14 What to use Android packages import android.hardware.CameraDevice; import android.hardware.CameraDevice.CaptureParams; – Permissions and features This too, if you change the how the camera is functioning.

15 Taking a picture In brief – CameraDevice cameraDevice = – To preview you need a surfaceHolder then use setPreviewDisplay(surfaceHolder) and cameraDevice.startPreview() – Finally use the takePicture(…) to get the picture – release() and close() the CameraDevice to release it.

16 “View Finder” The view finder is implemented via a SurfaceHolder and SurfaceView – In the layout, the a surfaceView is used. Example: public class PicCapture extends Activity implements OnClickListener, SurfaceHolder.Callback, Camera.PictureCallback { … cameraView = (SurfaceView) this.findViewById(; surfaceHolder = cameraView.getHolder(); surfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS); surfaceHolder.addCallback(this); To finally take the picture we need all this too. cameraView.setFocusable(true); cameraView.setFocusableInTouchMode(true); cameraView.setClickable(true); cameraView.setOnClickListener(this);

17 “View Finder” (2) The code to implement the surfaceHolder can be very simple. When created open the camera and set the display surfaceCreated() { camera =; try { camera.setPreviewDisplay(holder); catch (IOException exception) { camera.release(); } } Once it’s ready, start the preview surfaceChanged() { camera.startPreview(); }

18 “View Finder” (3) When we are done surfaceDestroyed() { camera.stopPreview(); camera.release(); }

19 Get the Picture Using the Camera.PictureCallBack we implement, we can get the data for the picture and decide what to do it with it. In its simplest form, which doesn’t nothing with the picture public void onPictureTaken(byte[] data, Camera camera) { byte[] data is the picture that was taken this just restarts the preview. camera.startPreview(); }

20 Get the Picture (2) To take the picture we use the camera.takePicture method in the onClick method for the SurfaceView public void onClick(View v) { camera.takePicture(null, null, null, this); } takePicture (Camera.ShutterCallback shutter, Camera.PictureCallback raw, Camera.PictureCallback postview, Camera.PictureCallback jpeg) We only need the last to get the picture and it show on the previous slide. – shutter the callback for image capture moment, or null – raw the callback for raw (uncompressed) image data, or null – postview the callback with postview image data, may be null – jpeg the callback for JPEG image data, or null

21 Via an Intent. You can also have the default “camera app” take the picture and return it to your app. Also doesn’t require any permissions. Intent intent = new Intent( android.provider.MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_C APTURE); startActivityForResult(intent, myID); Picture is returned in onActivityResult

22 Via an Intent (2) protected void onActivityResult(int requestCode, int resultCode, Intent data) { super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data); //get the picture out of the intent and display in an image view. Bitmap bp = (Bitmap) data.getExtras().get("data"); iv.setImageBitmap(bp); }

23 Android Example Code A note for the example code PicCapture – The example code will put any pictures taken into the “Camera roll” and can be seen with the gallery app. – Remember it uses touch to take the picture. PicCapture2 uses a button and separates the code a little better. PicCapture3 uses an intent to take the picture.


25 First… Most examples and code on the web and from the android books, DO NOT work. – lots of subtle errors debugging is made more difficult, because – the camera throws errors CameraInput Recording is not ready … frame dropped. – the AudioFlinger shows constant buffer overflow warnings. – And this is when the app is working correctly.

26 Uses a surfaceView Like a taking a picture, we need a view finder which uses a surfaceView. Call for the MediaRecorder and setup the encoding. – both audio and video.

27 Example SurfaceView in onCreate recorder = new MediaRecorder(); //setup recorder settings Next Slide SurfaceView cameraView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(; holder = cameraView.getHolder(); holder.addCallback(this); holder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS); implemented methods. public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) { recorder.setPreviewDisplay(holder.getSurface()); recorder.prepare(); }

28 Example SurfaceView (2) public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width, int height) { } public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) { if (recording) { recorder.stop(); recording = false; } recorder.release(); finish(); }

29 Recorder Settings We need to set the sources for audio and video recorder.setAudioSource( MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC); recorder.setVideoSource( MediaRecorder.VideoSource.DEFAULT); – MediaRecorder.VideoSource.CAMERA should work as well. Now we need to setup encoders. – In android 2.2 we can use profiles instead of setting everything manually. – CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH or QUALITY_LOW CamcorderProfile cpHigh = CamcorderProfile.get(CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH); recorder.setProfile(cpHigh); And set the output location recorder.setOutputFile("/sdcard/videocapture_example.mp4");

30 Recorder Settings (2) Manual settings could look like this: recorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.MPEG_4); recorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AMR_NB); recorder.setVideoEncoder(MediaRecorder.VideoEncoder.MPEG_4_SP); QUALITY_HIGH settings are MP4 file QUALITY_LOW settings are 3gp file The manual list is very long, see the android doc’s or Apress - Pro Android Media Developing Graphics, Music, Video, and Rich Media Apps for Smartphones and Tablets, Chapter 11 for a full list of settings.

31 Recording To record recorder.start(); To stop recorder.stop(); – The file should be there at this point. Remember when you are done recorder.release();

32 Example code The example code – need an Sdcard to test code and the file will be located /sdcard/videocapture_example.mp4 The code uses an extended surfaceView call captureSurface, instead of just a surfaceView – The code is all there, but rearranged from the slides. Honesty, the code just didn’t work without an extended SurfaceView The code starts up with the viewfinder, touch the screen to start recording, again to stop recording. It will then launch the native media player to replay the video.

33 References Android – CN/guide/topics/media/index.html CN/guide/topics/media/index.html – android/articles/43414.aspx (a difficult example to follow and it’s for 1.6) android/articles/43414.aspx – Apress - Pro Android Media Developing Graphics, Music, Video, and Rich Media Apps for Smartphones and Tablets Chapter 2 for taking pictures, chapter 9 for video playback. – API examples,

34 Q A &

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