Presentation on theme: "Cricket (Handy Cricket) Kyeongseo Hwang (Mike) Nicholas Ver Hoeve."— Presentation transcript:
Cricket (Handy Cricket) Kyeongseo Hwang (Mike) Nicholas Ver Hoeve
Agenda About Cricket (HW) History of Logo (Built in interpreter) Intro to Cricket Logo Demo
About Cricket LIGHT SENSOR MAG. REED SWITCH DC MOTOR TOUCH SENSOR IR SENSOR BREAK BEAM SENSOR
History of Logo Logo: Developed in BBN (a Cambridge University research firm), in 1966 By Seymour Papert, Wally Feurzeig Modeled after LISP Now in multiple dialects; ExperLogo, ARLogo, MIT StarLogo, NetLogo, etc. Cricket Logo developed in MIT by Brian Silverman with Fred Martin beginning in 1995
Intro to Cricket Logo Procedure definition with inputs and return values Global variables and local procedure inputs Control structures: if, repeat, and loop 16-bit number system: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, remainder, comparison, bit- wise operations, random function Motor and sensor primitives Timing functions and tone-playing functions Data recording and playback primitives IR Communications primitives
Motor Command a,Motor A b,Motor B ab,Motor A and B on Selected motor On off Selected motor Off onfor # Selected motor will turn on for #/10 secs. thisway/ thatwaySets direction rd Reverses the direction setpower # set power level
Sensor Command switcha return 1 if switched plugged into sensor A is pressed switchb return 1 if switched plugged into sensor A is pressed sensora Report the value of sensor A 0~255 sensorb Report the value of sensor B 0~255
Timing and tone-playing Timing ab, on wait 20 off ab, onfor 20 wait # timer resett Tone-playing beep note 110 30 www.handyboard.com/cricket/program
Control Structures repeat times [body] loop [body] if condition [body] ifelse condition [body-1] [body-2] waituntil [condition] stop(!) output returning_value
Numbers 16 bit number system -32768 ~ +32767 All arithmetic operators separated by a space 3 + 4 Normal expression precedence rules are not used, evaluated left to right 3 + 5 * 7 = ? (3 + (4 * 5)) = ?
Number Operator (cont) + Infix addition - Infix subtraction * Infix multiplication / Infix division % Infix modulus (remainder after integer division). < Infix LESS-THAN test. Results in 1 if left-hand value is less than right-hand value; 0 otherwise.
Number Operator (cont) > Infix GREATER-THAN test. Results in 1 if left-hand value is greater-than than right-hand value; 0 otherwise. = Infix equality test. Results in 1 if left-hand value is equal to right-hand value; 0 otherwise. and Infix AND operation (bitwise). or Infix OR operation (bitwise). xor Infix exclusive-OR operation (bitwise). not prefix NOT operation (logical inversion, not bitwise). random Reports pseudo-random number from 0 to 32767. Use the modulus operator to reduce the range; e.g., (random % 100) yields a number from 0 to 99.
Procedure Definition with input to flash1 repeat 10 [a, onfor 5 wait 5] end to flash2 :n repeat :n [a, onfor 5 wait 5] end global [temp] to detect settemp sensora if temp < 30 [output 1] if temp < 50 [output 2] output 3 end
Variables Global variable global [variable-list] e.g. global [cat dog] Stored in RAM -> data recording and playback functions Integer only Global-setting primitive setcar, setdog e.g. setcat 3 setcat cat + 1 Global Array array [clicks 10 clacks 15] Array indices start at 0 aget name index aset name index No buffer-overrun checking Stored consecutively in memory stored in the Cricket's non-volatile memory
Data Recording and Playback to take-data resetdp repeat 2500 [record sensora wait 10] end resetdp setdp position erase # record value Recall
Recursion to fact :n if :n = 1 [output 1] output n * fact :n – 1 end -> repeat fact 3 [beep wait 1] Normal Recursion has uncertain max depth, can be as low as 5 Supports Tail Recursion converting the recursive call into a goto statement to beep-forever beep wait 1 beep-forever end
Multi-Tasking supports a limited form of multi-tasking One “background task” repeatedly checks a condition When true it interrupts and processes when [switcha] [beep] loop [a, onfor 5 rd] only one background task operating at any given time. If a when statement is executed after the background task has already been started, the subsequent when task supercedes the earlier one To stop the background task from operating, use the primitive “whenoff”.
Samples Files at www.cs.rit.edu/~kxh7583/PLC/www.cs.rit.edu/~kxh7583/PLC/ Demo the multi-taking IR communication between crickets Background Operation