Presentation on theme: "Maritime Safety and Security Information System (MSSIS) A Solid Foundation for Maritime Awareness Maureen Walker State Department Representative National."— Presentation transcript:
Maritime Safety and Security Information System (MSSIS) A Solid Foundation for Maritime Awareness Maureen Walker State Department Representative National Space Based Positioning, Navigation and Timing Coordination Office May 26, 2008
2 Overview MSSIS – Concept and Benefits PARTICIPATION EXISTING APPLICATIONS OPERATIONAL AND TECHNICAL OVERVIEW
3 Goal –Create a collaborative, global, maritime information sharing environment through a unity of effort across entities with maritime interests Objectives –Maximize transparency of vessels in the maritime domain –Enhance Maritime Awareness via “Market Drivers” Maritime Safety & Security Information System
4 A system by which to openly share, non-classified AIS data globally to enhance safety, security, commerce and environmental protection –Created by U.S. Department of Transportation’s Volpe Systems Center –Based in Volpe’s work in maritime traffic issues (Panama and St. Lawrence) Allows sharing of non-classified AIS data, real-time, between international domestic users through an internet-based, password-protected, exchange portal –The data is by design, not owned or controlled by anyone Displays un-altered, AIS data streams gathered from shore- based, waterborne and airborne AIS receiving units A data exchange tool fostering cooperation
5 Maritime Safety & Security Information System Safety Statistics (via data logging & playback, snap shot files) Pilot navigation (ETA, Closest point of Approach, dead reckoning) Canal Transit Management (Panama Canal, St. Lawrence Seaway) Vessel traffic Management (VTS, situation displays etc.) Accident Investigation (via data logging and playback) Buoy Positioning Oil Spill Modeling Display Harbor surveillance Secure Vessel Transiting Monitoring of Territorial Waters Security zones – Dynamic, static, user defined MSSIS is serving as the data feed and basis for numerous sophisticated applications
6 Organized crime Piracy Drug smuggling Human smuggling and slavery Illegal weapons movement/proliferation Terrorism Exclusive Economic Zone (resource) exploitation Illegal fishing Trade disruption Illegal migration Search and Rescue Environmental issues Common Maritime Challenges Economies could find their well-being challenged by these common maritime issues
7 Enables economies to better control their maritime domain and its issues Enables Economies to focus usage of their limited resources Economies share data as equal partners regardless of size & and benefit to the extent of their own needs - You share, you receive Information is shared widely, building a culture of trust, confidence and mutual support with a common focus – safety, security, commerce and environmental protection Benefits of Open Maritime Data Sharing
8 Current Open Data Sharing Examples IMO AIS (Automatic Identification Systems) as source data IMO LRIT (Long Range Identification and Tracking System) IMO Electronic Marine Highway (Malacca Straits) IALA International Association of Marine Aids to Navigation and Lighthouse Authorities MSSIS (Maritime Safety & Security Information Systems) AIS based systems foster cooperation
9 MSSIS – Based in AIS Mandated by IMO “to improve the maritime safety and efficiency of navigation, safety of life at sea and the protection of the marine environment” For vessels over 300GT. Augmented in some cases by local regulations (ex. Singapore requires an AIS transponder on any and all water craft). IMO International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Chapter V, Safety of Navigation, Regulation 19, 1974/1980
10 How can Interested Economies Participate ? Any economy willing to participate by contributing data into MSSIS is eligible to receive MSSIS data in exchange A commitment to MSSIS at a domestic level, followed by support for the necessary steps for proper system implement (AIS receivers, internet connection etc.) System implementation includes connecting to MSSIS through the Internet either existing AIS receivers or installing AIS receivers in key ports and chokepoints Technical assistance can be provided to any economy indicating a willingness to participate as set forth above You Share Data, You receive Data.
11 USA Poland Denmark Belgium Spain Portugal Slovenia Montenegro Albania Italy Greece Turkey Singapore USN STP Morocco Mauritania Bulgaria UK Growing MSSIS AIS Data Sharing 44 Countries to Date are sharing AIS data openly via MSSIS.
12 MSSIS – Supported through The Volpe Center “ Advancing technical, operational, institutional, and managerial innovation to improve transportation systems.” Panama Canal Communications, Traffic Management and Navigation (CTAN) St. Lawrence Seaway First operational Automatic Identification System (AIS) network in North America. FAA – Enhanced Traffic Management System
13 What does AIS Report? Static data –Who –Every 6 mins/upon request –Mobile Maritime Service Identity (MMSI) –IMO number (if assigned) –Callsign –Name –Length and beam –Ship location of AIS Voyage data –Where –Every 6 mins/upon request –Destination / ETA –Cargo Dynamic data –Where –Depend on speed and course change At anchor: 3 mins Slow moving: 4-12 secs Fast moving: 2-6 secs –MMSI –Position –Time stamp (seconds) –Course –Speed –Heading –Nav status (e.g., “anchored”, “underway”) [manual entry]
14 MSSIS Tech Overview Incorporates worldwide servers combining many AIS data streams into a single near real-time (<5min) stream Open architecture design, enabling data streaming via standard protocols Networked via regionally-based, redundant file servers using encrypted data links (TCP/IP SSL secure socket layer) between gov’t entities Utilizing downloadable user interface software (Transview32) Access controlled via hardware key and passwords with usage terms reconfirmed at every sign-in
15 Typical AIS Receiver Stations Inexpensive Commercial off the shelf Technology Simple System – avg $3K Gold Plated – avg $75K Uses existing VHF Marine Band Individual Systems (Now) High Capacity - 4500 reports/minute Real Time - update every two seconds Basic Ship Movement Data Individual AIS Receiver Data can be fused into networks spanning regions and the world, via MSSIS. Laptop/TV32 VHF Antenna MSSIS Server
16 SUMMARY Guiding Principle = Open Maritime Data Sharing You share, you receive Data being exchanged - open, un-altered, transparent, reciprocal Shared through open systems, internet based, easily interfaced Implemented via a global view, regional approach, locally applied Information is shared widely, building a culture of trust, confidence and mutual support with a common focus of maritime awareness Creating a new global standard in shipping efficiency & awareness
18 Existing MSSIS/TV32 Applications Cape Cod Canal - Channel Traffic Management Columbia River Pilots -Pilot Display -Hydro Graphic Survey
19 Google Earth MSSIS/TV32 with Google Earth overlay
20 MSSIS/TV32 at Panama Canal
21 MSSIS w/Google and Zone overlay
22 Oil Spill Model Display
23 Maritime Awareness Piracy Drug Trade Illegal Immigration Human Smuggling Environmental Attack Organized Crime Weapons Proliferation Trade Disruption Terrorism 89,000+ vessels over 100 Gross tons.