2The concept of careerA career comprises of a series of work related activities, that offer continuity, order and meaning to a person’s life.The underlying idea behind a career is that a person can shape his destiny through a number of well planned and well timed, positive steps.The success of one’s career, therefore, depends on the individual more than anything else.
3Career: Important features A career develops over timeThe success of one's career depends, most often, on one's own careful planning and timely steps taken at a right timeThe important element in one's career is experiencing psychological success.The typical career of a person today would probably include many positions and transitions.
4Career stagesA career includes many positions, stages and transitions just as a person’s life does.
5Career stagesExploration: the transition that occurs in mid-twenties as one looks at work after college education, seeking answer to various questions about careers from teachers, friends etc.Establishment: this is the stage where one begins the search for work,picks up the first job, commits mistakes and learns thereafter.Mid-career: Between 35 and 50 one is typically confronted with a plateaued career, where your maturity and experience are still valued but there is the nagging feeling of having lost the initial fire in the bellyLate career: This is the stage where one relaxes a bit and plays an elderly role, offering advice to younger ones as to how to avoid career mistakes and grow continually.Decline: This is the stage where one is constantly reminded of retirement, after a series of hits and misses.
6How to get off to a flying start in your new job? According to William Ellis, the following strategies help a person get off to a flying start in a new position.Make yourself visible early: Try a novel tactic, use a stunningly different strategy or follow a route that’s generally avoided by most others. Try anything so as to get noticed.Overkill that first assignment: In your first assignment, set impossible targets for yourself – which others can’t even think of in their wildest dreams and deliver results faster than others.Get the lay of the land: Get as much information as possible about people, processes and activities in your work spot – at an amazing speed and become a quick and authoritative information source.Say “sure” and figure out how later: Management values the new employee who grabs a challenge and runs with it. Try to get over the hurdles somehow – through a painful process of trial and error and come back with winning solutionsCont…
7How to get off to a flying start in your new job? Accelerate your enthusiasm: An enthusiastic newcomer can spark a whole department. Yet some days your enthusiasm will run low. There is a remedy, however; if you want to be enthusiastic, act enthusiastic. Inner enthusiasm follows, and it will have an echo effect on colleagues and bosses. Even cynical old hands want to help an enthusiastic new person.Dare to Change the Entrenched Method: Try to challenge the traditional old ways of doing things. Stretch yourself to find those creative ways that save lot of organisational time, energies and resources.The greatest advantage of the fast start on a new job is the early creation of a winning mystique. Even if you were a little slow in the beginning, nothing says, you can’t go to work tomorrow morning and act as if it was your first day on a new job. Better late than never?Source: W. Ellis, “Get off to a fast start in your new Job,” Reader’s Digest, 2001.
8Career anchors More about eight career anchors These are distinct patterns of self-perceived talents, attitudes, motives and values that guide and stabilise a person’s career after several years of real world experiences.More about eight career anchorsManagerial competenceTechnical competenceSecurityCreativityAutonomyDedication to a causePure challengeLife style
9Career planning Why career planning? Career planning is the process by which one selects career goals and the path to achieve those goals. Career planning, it should be noted here, is a prerequisite to effective human resource planning.Why career planning?Career planning seeks to meet the following objectivesAttract and retain talentUse human resources properly and achieve greater productivityReduce employee turnoverImprove employee morale and motivationMeet the current and future human resource needs of the organisation
10The process of career planning Identify individual needs and aspirationsAnalyse career opportunitiesAlign employee needs with available career opportunitiesDevelop action plansCarry out periodic review
11Career DevelopmentCareer development consists of the personal actions one undertakes to achieve a career plan. The actions for career development may be initiated by the individual himself or by the organisationIndividual career development: Some of the important steps that could help employees achieve their career goals could be listed thus;
12Individual career development PerformanceExposureNetworkingLeveragingLoyaltyMentors and sponsorsKey subordinatesExpanding capabilities over time
13Career Development Organisational career development Organisational career development: organisations could help promote individual careers through a series of well planned moves. These include:Organisational career development1 Self assessment tools such as holding a career planning workshop, circulation of a career work book in advance etc.2. Individual counselling3. Information servicesjob posting systemskills inventorycareer ladders and career pathscareer resource centreCont…
14Career Development 4. Employee assessment programmes Assessment centresPsychological testsPromotability forecastsSuccession planning5. Employee developmental programmes6. Career programmes for special groups
15Career Management The career management model Career management includes both organisational actions and individual efforts aimed at setting career goals, formulating and implementing strategies and monitoring the results.The career management model
16The Goal: Matching Individual and Organizational Needs The Employee’s RoleThe Organization’s RoleCareer ManagementIndividual and Organizational Goals
18The Organization’s Role: Establishing a Favorable Context Management ParticipationProvide top management supportProvide collaboration between line managers and HR managersTrain management personnelSetting GoalsPlan human resources strategyChanging HR PoliciesProvide for job rotationProvide outplacement serviceAnnouncing the ProgramExplain its philosophy
20Identifying Career Opportunities and Requirements Competency AnalysisMeasures three basic competencies for each job: know-how, problem solving, and accountability.Job ProgressionsThe hierarchy of jobs a new employee might experience, ranging from a starting job to jobs that require more knowledge and/or skill.Career PathsLines of advancement in an occupational field within an organization.
23The Plateauing Trap Career Plateau Types of Plateaus Situation in which for either organizational or personal reasons the probability of moving up the career ladder is low.Types of PlateausStructural plateau: end of advancementContent plateau: lack of challengeLife plateau: crisis of personal identity
24Successful Career-Management Practices Placing clear expectations on employees.Giving employees the opportunity for transfer.Providing a clear and thorough succession planEncouraging performance through rewards and recognition.Giving employees the time and resources they need to consider short- and long-term career goals.Encouraging employees to continually assess their skills and career direction.
25Internal Barriers to Career Advancement Lack of time, budgets, and resources for employees to plan their careers and to undertake training and development.Rigid job specifications, lack of leadership support for career management, and a short-term focus.Lack of career opportunities and pathways within the organization for employees.
26Career Management: Developing Talent over Time Career Planning WorkbooksStimulate thinking about careers, strengths/limitations, development needsCareer Planning WorkshopsDiscuss and compare attitudes, concerns, plansCareer CounselingDiscuss job, career interests, goals
27Career Development Initiatives Career Planning WorkbooksStimulate thinking about careers, strengths/ limitations, development needsCareer Planning WorkshopsDiscuss and compare attitudes, concerns, plansCareer CounselingDiscussing current job activities and performance, personal and career interests and goals, skills, and career development objectives.Workforce Investment Act of 1998
28Determining Individual Development Needs Fast-track ProgramA program that encourages young managers with high potential to remain with an organization by enabling them to advance more rapidly than those with less potential.Career Self-Management TrainingHelping employees learn to continuously gather feedback and information about their careers.Encouraging them to prepare for mobility.
29Succession PlanningThe basic purpose of succession planning is to identify and develop people to replace current job holders in key positions. Through succession planning organizations ensure a steady flow of internal talent to fill important vacancies.Succession planning encourages “hiring from within” and creates a healthy environment where employees have careers and not merely jobs.It should be noted here that career planning (which covers executives at all levels), by its very nature, includes succession planning (which covers key positions at higher levels)
30Succession Planning is the Process of identifying and developing suitable Team Members who are able toreplace Key Positions as and when required.In nutshell Strategic Planning will help :-To prepare Team Members for leadership roles and make them ready for new roles as & when need arises.To plan Career Path for talented Team Members.Risk Management.
32Integrated Approach BUSINESS STRATEGY RESULTS BUSINESS Recruitment & SelectionCareerManagementPerformanceManagementBUSINESSSTRATEGYRESULTSBUSINESSRewardsManagementTalentManagementTraining&DevelopmentSeniorManagementDevelopmentSuccessionPlanning
33ObjectiveFoster a process of building leadership capability across the lines of business / support functionsThe emphasis is on developing a broad spectrum of talent within the management ranks so that the availability of internal talent will not be a constraint to the organization's strategic directionIdentify the key leadership success factors
34Outcomes Retention and development of high potential employees Builds internal staff capabilities (bench strength) for the emerging organizational demandsMaps various succession optionsFacilitates developmental moves across the organizationEstablishes a professionally managed organization with the systems in place to ensure that it will have effective leaders going forward