Presentation on theme: "Gandhi & An Age of Nationalism – 20 terms. Domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region. Remember,"— Presentation transcript:
Domination by one country of the political, economic, or cultural life of another country or region. Remember, it was one of the “M.A.I.N.” causes of WW I! India didn’t gain its independence from Britain until after WW II.
Hindu custom that called for a widow to join her husband in death by throwing herself on his funeral pyre. For many traditionalists, this Hindu practice symbolizes the epitome of wifely devotion, especially among the Rajput caste of Northern India (Harlan 1995: 80). In addition, some Hindus believe the act of self-immolation by a widow facilitates the attainment of spiritual salvation for her dead husband. The woman who commits sati is also revered as a goddess (81). On the other hand, feminists, political leaders, and many of India’s rural people and elite contend that the glorification of sati is a national disgrace and an immoral act. Understandably, the differing points of view have created strong division among India’s people, especially among women. Comprehending why a woman would choose to commit sati, however, requires the removal of our “western lenses.” The act of self-immolation of widows on their husband’s funeral pyre may be construed as a horrific act by the Westerner but in India cases of sati have been documented in their culture for hundreds of years (Oldenburg 1994: 165). More important, the symbolic significance of sati is intricately intertwined in the Hindu belief system and reveals something about the status of women.
DEFINITIONIMAGE Indian soldier who served in an army for the British.
one who governed in India in the name of the British monarch
A major political party in India; founded in 1885 to press for greater rights for Indians under British rule, it later became one of the main forces calling for Indian independence. The first INC ============== ==Jawaharlal Nehru & Mohandas Gandhi Were both INC leaders!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
political group founded in 1906 to protect the rights of Indian Muslims; it later became one of the main forces calling for Indian independence and a separate nation for Indian Muslims. Muhammad Ali Jinnah & Gandhi
(1869-1948) Leader of India’s struggle for independence from Great Britain Organized the population for protest through the methods of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience
to abstain from food to eat sparingly or abstain from some foods Mahatma Gandhi was known for doing this…
the refusal to obey unjust laws. On display at The MLK Museum ==
Issued as the result of a secret meeting between FDR and Churchill on a warship in the Atlantic in 1941 Set goals for WW II including “the final destruction of the Nazi tyranny” Pledged to support “the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which they will live” and called for a “permanent system of general security.”
(1889-1964) Indian statesman Was the first prime minister of an independent India at the end of British colonial rule
1876-1948 Indian politician Leader of the Muslim League Believed that Indian Muslims needed a separate nation and called for a partition in 1940 Founder of Pakistan
August 15, 1947 granted Indian independence on the condition of partition
division The British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act on July 18, 1947. The Act created two dominions, Indian Union and Pakistan. It also provided for the complete end of British control over Indian affairs from August 15, 1947. The Muslims of the Sub-continent had finally achieved their goal to have an independent state for themselves, but only after a long and relentless struggle
1917-1984 Indian politician Daughter and mother of Indian prime ministers (Jawaharlal Nehru and Rajiv Gandhi respectively) Was India’s first female prime minister Her term was marred by sectarian violence involving India’s Sikh minority. Indira with Gandhi ===
a former princely state in the Himalayas, claimed by both India and Pakistan, which have fought wars over its control.
the practice of using workers from outside a company or country to cut costs or increase production.
Term used by South Asians toward the United States after the U.S. was critical of India’s and Pakistan’s nuclear capabilities in 1998 In South Asia, the view that the United States feels that it is acceptable for them to have nuclear weapons, but that somehow, it is not okay for South Asia – that this region is too unstable, too immature.