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FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN. What is Food Security? sufficient, Food security exists when all people,at all times, have physical and economic access to.

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Presentation on theme: "FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN. What is Food Security? sufficient, Food security exists when all people,at all times, have physical and economic access to."— Presentation transcript:

1 FOOD SECURITY IN PAKISTAN

2 What is Food Security? sufficient, Food security exists when all people,at all times, have physical and economic access to safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life.

3 The Food Security Pillars Availability Access Utilization Stability Food Security

4 Availability Indicators FOOD AVAILABILITY NET PRODUCTION AGRICULTURE-BASED FOOD ANIMAL-BASED FOOD 4 FOOD ITEMS 4 FOOD ITEMS Kcal per capita per day FOOD CONSUMPTION All FOOD ITEMS All FOOD ITEMS Own production Import + Aid Stocks

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10 Militancy & crimes

11 Access Indicators ACCESS TO FOOD INCOME PER CAPITA ADULT LITERACY RATE LANDLESS LABOUR ROADS PER AREA MARGINAL CULTIVATORS UNDER 2.5 ACRE

12 International vs local prices of wheat

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14 Terms of trade and key commodity prices

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16 Soaring food prices have adversely affected access to food

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18 Poor populations need to spend a large share of their income on food

19 Purchasing power went down ( ) – Wheat prices in real terms increased by 54.6 percent – Wage rate in real terms increased by only 3.1 percent (shock modeling) Nominal term ( ) – Wheat price increased by 114 percent – Wage rate increased by only 41 percent

20 Type of consumption Caloric Intake (Kcal/Day/Person) Quantity Consumed per Year (Kg) Baseline (2006)After (2009)Change (%) Baseline (2006)After (2009) WheatNational Urban Rural RiceNational Urban Rural Total foodNational Urban Rural Note:The percentage change in caloric intake is applied to the quantity consumed

21 Wage labourers and petty traders are most food insecure

22 Market vulnerability Market price plays a vital role in the food security of the population 35-40% urban ………………………100% depend on market for food 67% of rural…………………………100% depend on market for food 33% of rural engaged in agriculture but not all produce surplus cereals, only 10% are somehow produce more than requirement. Hence, the price instability affect 90% of the households in the country

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24 Absorption/utilization Indicators FOOD ABSORPTION INFANT MORTALITY RATE IMMUNIZATION COVERAGE FEMALE LITERACY RATE HEALTH SERVICES & FACILITIES SAFE DRINKING WATER

25 25 Food Consumption

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29 Food insecure population FSA 2009 Table 5.2 Food Insecure Population in Pakistan Province% Food insecure KPK56.2 Punjab38.5 Sindh44.3 Balochistan61.2 FATA67.7 Pak Administered Kashmir46.9 Gilgit Baltistan52.4 Islamabad23.6 Pakistan = 48.6 percent Percent

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31 How do people cope with food insecurity ?

32 Militancy & crimes

33 Year slow increase 2007 Price increase of food items Continue till now 2007 Decline in terms of trade Continue till now 2008 Decline in income Power shut down Continue till now 2009 Conflict/war Continue till now

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