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FAA-H-8083-25A Chapter 14 Centennial Aviation Academy.

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Presentation on theme: "FAA-H-8083-25A Chapter 14 Centennial Aviation Academy."— Presentation transcript:

1 FAA-H-8083-25A Chapter 14 Centennial Aviation Academy

2 3 Basic Types of Airspace Controlled (most to least restrictive) A B C D E Uncontrolled G Special Use Prohibited, Restricted, Warning, MOA, Alert and CFA


4 A picture is worth...

5 Lets look at Controlled Airspace Basically its airspace in which ATC services are provided Controlled airspace is designed around IFR traffic... But not to worry, VFR wasn’t an afterthought

6 Take it from the top.... Class A – Remember “Altitude” From FL180 to FL600 For IFR Traffic ONLY (unless you somehow get above 60,000...then it becomes class E again) Reset altimeter to Pressure Altitude (29.92) once crossing 18,000

7 Class B- Busy Airspace Generally from SFC-10,000AGL but is tailored to airport needs It’s like an upside down wedding cake You need a Mode C transponder and an ATL Clearance Student pilots can only fly into the airspace with an endorsement “Dirty Dozen” AIM 3-2-3 Examples: ATL LGA MCO

8 Class C – “Think Commercial” Generally from the SFC-4,000AGL But they can be tailored Often has 2 “layers” First one is 5nm radius SFC-4000 Second one is from 5nm-10nm 1,200-4,000 You Must Establish ATC communication Have a mode C transponder to fly within and over the airspace Examples: SAV CHA TYS

9 Class D – “Think Dialogue” Generally from the SFC-2,500AGL But they can be tailored Often has a single “layer” extending 4nm from the airport You Must Establish ATC communication Examples: PDK RYY FTY LZU

10 Class E- “Everywhere Else” 1,200ft agl unless otherwise shown... Sfc 700 As depicted by the blue zipper 14,500 (found in the Western US) 1,500 AGL W. of longitude 160 ̊0`00” in the Alaskan Peninsula Above FL600 § 71.71, FAA Aeronautical Chart Users Guide and AIM 3-2-6

11 Class G- “Ground” or “Gov’t Free: Everything that isn’t A, B, C, D or E

12 Requirements Before we get into airspace entry requirements... Memorize the following... 3sm (statute miles) 1,000 ft above 2,000 horizontal 500 ft below “3 Cessna 152’s” (will be written as) 3 1-5-2 Also memorize “5 F-111” which means 5sm vis. 1,000 above, 1,000 below and 1sm horizontal (written as 5 1-1-1)


14 Airspace Vis and Cloud Rules: simplified AirspaceAltitudeConditionVisDistance from Clouds A---- B--3Clear C--31-5-2 D--3 E>10,000-51-1-1 <10,000-31-5-2 G<1,200 above surfaceDAY1Clear NIGHT31-5-2 1,200-10,000DAY11-5-2 NIGHT31-5-2 >10,000-51-1-1

15 Helpful Airspace Tips You as a VFR pilot are not allowed in class A B is 3 miles vis. and clear of clouds C and D are 3 1-5-2 E below 10,000 is 3 1-5-2 E and G above 10,000 is 5 1-1-1 (anytime you are above 10,000 basically) Anytime you are flying at night in class G- 3 1-5-2 Less than 1,200 in class G? 1 mile vis. and clear of clouds 1,200-10,000 in class G? 1 mile vis. and 1-5-2

16 Airspace Equipment Rqmt’s.

17 Special Use Airspace AirspaceActivityFlight Allowed ProhibitedNational WelfareNO RestrictedMissiles, Firing etc.Not unless auth. WarningOver water, may be international-extends 12nm from coast of US YES Military Operations Area (MOA)Aircraft dog-fighting, formation flying, abrupt maneuvering etc YES-advise to contact control agency Alter t AreasUnusual activity, high volume flight training etc. YES Controlled Firing Areas (CFA)Blasting, testing of rocket motors etc YES

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