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Inductive Learning Free powerpoints at

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1 Inductive Learning Free powerpoints at

2 Learning by Discovery  "an approach to instruction through which students interact with their environment-by exploring and manipulating objects, wrestling with questions and controversies, or performing experiments" (Ormrod, 1995, p. 442)

3 Sandbox theory

4 Students learn through active discovery - experimentation, examination and analysis NOT direct instruction

5 Jerome Bruner we should somehow give to children (students) a respect for their own powers of thinking, for their power to generate good questions, to come up with interesting informed guesses...

6 Examples Categorization Surveys Webquests Interviews Experiments Collecting Simulations Observation Applied Research

7 Example  Problem based learning “Why can birds fly?” Well designed questions are the key to good “discovery”

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9 How are they different?

10 What’s the difference?

11 Knowing  RECALL  RETAIN  REPEAT KCAASE – Bloom’s Taxonomy

12 Understanding  Explain  Review  Discuss KCAASE – Bloom’s Taxonomy

13 Learning As…… A process A self – empowering process An active process (Dewey) A self-monitoring process A deep process (Piaget)

14 Prerequisites

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16 Students need some prior knowledge so they can “discover”. - See Vygotsky. “on the shoulders of giants”

17 Students need structure. Provide students with organizers and steps to enable “discovery”

18 Discovery is a collaborative process. Students need to practice working in groups and be comfortable with it.

19 The teacher “leads” the students with appropriate suggestions and tasks. Subtle persuasion!

20 All students should actively present findings and share their discovery. Consolidate!

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