Presentation on theme: "“They Live Again:” Archiving Hadassah Films Hazel Greenwald, Founder and 1st Chairman of the Hadassah Film Department."— Presentation transcript:
“They Live Again:” Archiving Hadassah Films Hazel Greenwald, Founder and 1st Chairman of the Hadassah Film Department.
“What’s New At Hadassah:” An Assessment of Hadassah’s Film Collection General Assessment –Basic Background –Format Migration –Archival Copies –Toward A Mission Statement The Beginning: Hazel Greenwald Film Production At Hadassah –Awards and Distinctions Promotion and Distribution Archiving and Preservation Specs and Film Logistics Assessment and Suggestions
General Assessment Background Format Migration Archival Copies Toward a Mission Statement
Background 1942 – 1986 Film Production Film -> Video -> DVD Kodachrome, Ektachrome, Acetate, Polyester Wide & varied distribution (Film Rentals) Fundraising and Promotional Use Early Archival Efforts (Library of Congress, Spielberg, Onsite, Projects)
Format Migration & Archival Copies Copies of films sent to LoC, Spielberg Archive, Project Locations in Israel, Jerusalem Cinematheque, Regions and Chapters
The Beginning: Hazel Greenwald Film Production At Hadassah –Awards and Distinctions Promotion and Distribution Archiving and Preservation David Ben Gurion 1st Israeli Prime Minister Hazel, Production, Distribution & Archiving
Hazel Greenwald “Those who know her have learned not to bat an eyelash when they see her perched on top of a ladder, leaning out of a window, or lying on the floor aiming her cameras at all sorts of likely and unlikely targets. We say “cameras” advisedly since she always travels with three – movie, black/white, and color – slung around her neck, and seems somehow to be able to use all three at one time.” - Hadassah Press Release, December 1962.
Hazel Greenwald Long-term member of Hadassah National Board 1933 Mediterranean cruise, met Henrietta Szold, got involved in rescue of Jewish children from Germany Annual filming visits to Israel Attended World Zionist Congress, Basel, Switzerland 1946. Founded Hadassah Film Department Founded Hadassah Archives By 1960, over 50,000 feet of color film B&w, color slides, film By 1960, 75 films, 250,000 b&w photos & 40,000 color slides for Hadassah Took photos in 29 countries “Those who know her have learned not to bat an eyelash when they see her perched on top of a ladder, leaning out of a window, or lying on the floor aiming her cameras at all sorts of likely and unlikely targets. We say “cameras” advisedly since she always travels with three – movie, black/white, and color – slung around her neck, and seems somehow to be able to use all three at one time.” - Hadassah Press Release, December 1962.
Film Production 1933: Film lab in the kitchen: cutting, splicing, projecting and captioning on a child’s blackboard. Twentieth Century Fox impromptu consultation. 1942: July Issue of Hadassah Headlines says 1st film ready, “Health for Victory” September 1943: “They Live Again” - Film #2. November 1944: “Out of the Darkness,” about Hadassah 1945: “Forgotten Children,” 1947 “Henrietta Szold,” 1948: “Adamah,” / “Tomorrow’s A Wonderful Day.” Production Today Oren in Production
Production II 1949: “Naomi Says Yes,” – color puppet membership film 1962: Send Ektachrome 1970s: Contracts with Filmmakers
Awards & Distinctions 1962: world’s largest catalogued collection of pictures of the State of Israel since its beginnings. “Fifty Miracle Minutes:” CINE prize, International Film Festivals - Edinburgh, Scotland & Venice Italy, recommended for International Review of Ethnographic and Sociological Films in Florence, Italy, December 10-16, 1962. Requests from Library of Congress for “Fifty Miracle Minutes” and “Hannah Means Grace.” “Dr. Loewenstein, I Presume (Mission to Africa): CINE Golden Eagle Award 1969, honorable mention Jewish Audio-Visual Board of Review, invited to Tel-Aviv III International Film Festival 1969. Susan - Admin. For Video & Production
Film Promotion & Distribution International Distribution Libraries, Community Centers, Schools Hadassah Film Library (Alden Films) Publicity Kits >>>> 16 mm, 35 mm TV, Commercial release, Critics’ praise “Hadassah Calling” Trailer “Get Separate Projectors” 1980s in house distribution Video to film transfers Booking statistics
Archiving & Preservation 1960: Hazel takes on archiving & preservation, plus fundraising for project A history of Israel since it became a state A place to deposit films (lack of space, destruction of negatives, requests to move them out of closet at Hadassah.) Rad / Spielberg Archives, Jerusalem Central Zionist Archives, Jerusalem Jerusalem Cinematheque “Hazel Greenwald – Hadassah Collection.” 1987 allocation of funds for repair and renovation of Hadassah Film Library
Specs and Film Logistics »Hadassah Headlines’ tips for film maintenance. »1948: Use sound projectors, professional projectionist, fix torn films. 16mm versus 35mm. »1949: catastrophes. Examine, repair & clean film. Use for stated number of showings only. Use qualified operator & projector. Return films on time. Use 35mm for large audiences. »1950: Regions & large chapters – train members to project films, buy your own machine. Film strips versus film. Me cataloging. The Database
Assessment & Suggestions Films Merit Preservation: Content, Use, Awards & Recognition Repositories: Hadassah, Alden Films, CZA, Cinematheque, Rad/Spielberg. LOC, Off site, Affiliates Advice: locate films at other archives & determine conditions. Advice: coordinate list of holdings with Spielberg holdings. Advice: Assess status of other media – Videos, 3/4”, DVDs. Think about transfer to digital media / hard drive. Advice: Film Care – examine films on rewind, clean them, replace housing if needed, rewind films when needed, test for vinegar syndrome, monitor humidity, consider cold storage. Assessment: preservation and archiving efforts have been on going. Films mostly in good to fair condition Advice: coordinate lists of films in various media, check lists against actual holdings. Think about re- transferring lost 3/4” films when possible (to DVD or digital media).