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Linnaeus’ Taxonomy Taxonomy is any method of classification.
Reasons for Using a Classification System: n Clarification of species n Allows for world-wide research
How Linnaeus’ System Works:
Kingdom: n The largest and most general taxon –Type of cells –Number of cells –Method of getting food
Kingdom: Animalia n Eukaryote: well defined nucleus n Multicellular: more than one cell n Heterotroph: food from an outside source
Kingdoms are Divided into Phyla:
Phylum Chordata: n Backbone n Paired appendages
Phyla are Divided into Classes:
Class: Mammalia n Diaphragm n Hair/fur n mammary glands
Classes are Divided into Orders:
The Primate Order: n Complex Brain n Opposable thumb n Stereovision n Separate radius and ulna n Fingernails
Types of Primates: n Apes n Humans n Prosimians n Monkeys –New World –Old World
Prosimians are: Lemurs & Tarsiers Ringtail Lemur Philippine Tarsier: Tarsius syrichta
Orders are Divided into Families:
Characteristics of Hominidae: n Walk upright n Small face and teeth relative to other primates n Large brain capacity
Families are Divided into Genera:
Characteristics of the Genus Homo: n Largest cranial capacity of any primate. n Cranial capacity increases with time.
Genera are divided into Species Homo erectus neanderthalis vs. sapiens sapiens
Modern Humans Homo sapiens sapiens Leonardo Da Vinci
Ch. 16 Primate Evolution Unit 4. I. Characteristics of Primates A. Primate = a mammal; animal that produces milk for offspring – a placental mammal A.
Classification Current number of species identified on Earth: 1.7 million Write down all notes in BLACK text.
Science 7. Explain why biologists classify organisms. Relate the levels of classification to the relationships between organisms. List characteristics.
Classification. What is Classification? Biologists want to better understand organisms so they organize them. Classification = the grouping of objects.
KINGDOM ANIMALIA Sea SpongeJellyfish flatworm roundworm SnailSegmented worm Insects Sea Urchins Butterfly FishIguana Salamander Homo Habilis Homo ErectusHumansGorilla.
Classification is a way of seeing relationships.
Characteristics of Living Things and Classification What makes something living? How do we organize living things?
Clades and Classes. Classification Methods By ecology By form By ancestry.
Classification Study Guide Helps communicate with other scientists Learn how organisms are related to other organisms Learn about organisms Make sense.
Chapter 7 - Classification Carolus Linnaeus 18 th century Swedish 2 groups – plants and animals he divided the animal group according to similarities.
Chapter 7 - Classification Classification b Classification – the division of organisms into groups, or classes, based on specific characteristics. b.
Classification Levels KINGDOM PHYLUM CLASS ORDER FAMILY GENUS SPECIES “King Phillip Came Over For Grape Soda”
12.6 Primate Evolution Taxonomy is the science of naming and classifying organisms Linnaeus - developed the scientific naming system 17.1 The Linnaean.
Notes-Classification Life is classified into 3 Domains: Domain 1 is Archaea ---some live in extreme environments (Yellowstone) Domain 2 is Bacteria ---Some.
1) To explain how scientists classify living things 2) To identify the 6 kingdoms of life.
Human Evolution. Classification Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus species K- Animal P – Chordata C – Mammalian O – Primates.
Classification Notes. Scientists classify organisms based upon similarities.
18-1 History of Taxonomy Taxonomy Branch of biology that names and groups organisms according to their characteristics and evolutionary history.
CLASSIFICATION OF ORGANISMS. Biologists have classified nearly 2 million species Estimates range from 13 million to 40+ million The science of describing,
Chap. 17 : Organizing Life I. Taxonomy - classification system of livng things based on a) structural b) chemical c) genetic d) behavioral and e) evolutionary.
CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS. LEARNING GOALS: By the end of class, I will be able to: Explain how organisms are classified Explain traditional and modern.
Science dealing with the classification of organisms axonomy T Biologists use classification to organize living things into groups so that the organisms.
Beginning of Life Composition of early atmosphere _____________________________; no oxygen; no life Miller/Urey Experiment Sent ___________________ through.
Chapter 18 Classification 18-1 Finding Order in Diversity.
Unicellular- Consisting of one cell Multicellular- Consisting of many cells Prokaryote- an organism with only one cell and no nucleus Eukaryote- an organism.
Chapter 7 - Classification DO NOW Tell your table – What is a species? Are these the same species?
Classification. Classification of Living Organisms Identified by traits Organize life’s diversity – Over 1.7 million species on Earth Taxonomy Naming.
Beginning of Life Composition of early atmosphere Methane, ammonia, hydrogen; no oxygen; no life Miller/Urey Experiment Sent electrical sparks through.
Classification of Living Things. Why do we classify things? Supermarket aisles Libraries Classes Teams/sports Members of a family Roads
Notes pg 87 Title: Taxonomy Taxonomy – The science of classifying and naming organisms.
Aim: How do scientists classify living organisms?.
___________ and __________. Basics of _______________ ____________ – the __________ of organisms into ________ (classes) based on specific ______________.
The Peopling of the World Prehistory – 2500 BCE. 1.1 – Human Origins in Africa How do we know things without written records? –Scientific clues Excavating.
Biological Classification 1 This chart shows one idea of how humans are related to some other non- living species time Our species.
Human Evolution. Mammal Characteristics Produce milk for young Hair Differentiated teeth Embryos develop inside and gain nutrients from the mother (placentals)
Classification and Taxonomy. Basics of __________________ ____________________ – the division of organisms into _____________ (classes) based on specific.
Classification of Organisms BIO Ch. 17. Ch. 17, section 1: Classification of Organisms -Taxonomy is the science of describing, naming, and classifying.
For hundreds of years people have been trying to classify the species on our planet Earth There are potentially hundreds of thousands new species.
DO NOW Take out lab write up… finish last part (conclusion)
Primates BIO 2215 Oklahoma City Community College Dennis Anderson.
Classification of Living Things Chapter 7. Why There is a Need for Classifying There are well over 2 million different types of organisms known.
How do we “classify” living organisms. Classification: the systematic grouping of organisms based on _________________________________ ______________________:
Classification and Taxonomy The student will investigate and understand how organisms can be classified. Key concepts include: a) the distinguishing characteristics.
THE CLASSIFICATION OF LIVING THINGS. Classification Classifying living organisms is called – taxonomy Founded by Carolus Linnaeus (1700 s) Species were.
Introduction to Classification. A. What is taxonomy ? The branch of biology that groups organisms based on common characteristics. I. Introduction B.
Classification of Organisms Chapter 18 What is an Organism? An organism is generally referred to any living thing. More specifically any thing that has.
Classification- pg. 70 copyright cmassengale1. What is Classification? What classification systems are you familiar with and use? What classification.
. Classification is the arrangement of organisms into orderly groups based on their physical similarities Classification is also known as taxonomy.
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