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Linnaeus’ Taxonomy Taxonomy is any method of classification.
Reasons for Using a Classification System: n Clarification of species n Allows for world-wide research
How Linnaeus’ System Works:
Kingdom: n The largest and most general taxon –Type of cells –Number of cells –Method of getting food
Kingdom: Animalia n Eukaryote: well defined nucleus n Multicellular: more than one cell n Heterotroph: food from an outside source
Kingdoms are Divided into Phyla:
Phylum Chordata: n Backbone n Paired appendages
Phyla are Divided into Classes:
Class: Mammalia n Diaphragm n Hair/fur n mammary glands
Classes are Divided into Orders:
The Primate Order: n Complex Brain n Opposable thumb n Stereovision n Separate radius and ulna n Fingernails
Types of Primates: n Apes n Humans n Prosimians n Monkeys –New World –Old World
Prosimians are: Lemurs & Tarsiers Ringtail Lemur Philippine Tarsier: Tarsius syrichta
Orders are Divided into Families:
Characteristics of Hominidae: n Walk upright n Small face and teeth relative to other primates n Large brain capacity
Families are Divided into Genera:
Characteristics of the Genus Homo: n Largest cranial capacity of any primate. n Cranial capacity increases with time.
Genera are divided into Species Homo erectus neanderthalis vs. sapiens sapiens
Modern Humans Homo sapiens sapiens Leonardo Da Vinci
Characteristics of Living Things and Classification What makes something living? How do we organize living things?
Classification of Organisms Students should be able to: * Understand why a classification system is important * Understand that there are a variety of.
Classification of organisms is important because__________________________________ ____________________________________. _____________ ______________ are.
Introduction to Classification. A. What is taxonomy ? The branch of biology that groups organisms based on common characteristics. I. Introduction B.
Classification. TAXONOMY Branch of biology that names & groups organisms according to their characteristics and evolutionary history Branch of biology.
Dir Instr:History & Use of Biological Classification.
CLASSIFICATION Of LIVING THINGS. WHAT IS CLASSIFICATION? SORTING LIVING THINGS INTO GROUPS BASED ON THEIR SIMILARITIES WHY?
Evolution of Primates Chapter 6, Section 3. Primates Group of mammals including humans, monkeys, and apes.
End Show Slide 1 of 26 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Biology.
Chapter 17: Classification. Biodiversity The variety of organisms considered at all levels from populations to ecosystems.
Classifying Organisms Classification The process of grouping thing based on similarities. Taxonomy The scientific study of how living things are classified.
Primate Evolution KEY CONCEPT Humans appeared late in Earths history.
1 Chapter 18: Classification. 2 18–1 Finding Order in Diversity Life on Earth has been changing for more than 3.5 billion years Life on Earth has been.
THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 6 KINGDOMS. Animal Kingdom * Food – Cannot make their own food. * Multi-cellular organisms * They have a nucleus (eukaryotic)
Classification CP Biology. The Branch of Biology that names and groups organisms according to their characteristics and evolutionary history. Why.
History & Use of Biological Classification. CLASSIFICATION & TAXONOMY Classification: grouping based on similarities Taxonomy: Branch of Biology The science.
Why classify organisms? Biology A. Student Goals Explain HOW and WHY organisms are classified into Kingdoms through species.
Classification of Organisms Oleh : Alimmatus Firmansyah, S.Pd. – IPA - BIOLOGI.
Taxonomy The science of naming organisms.. Aristotle Plant or animal? If an animal, does it –Fly –Swim –Crawl Simple classifications Used common names.
1 Classification. 2 There are 13 billion known species of organisms There are 13 billion known species of organisms This is only 5% of all organisms that.
Biological Classification. Why classify? Humans have developed classification systems in order to make sense of the abundant biological diversity that.
Classification. Over 2 million species of organisms have been found and named Thousands of new species are being discovered each year There may be as.
Classification of Living Things Learning About The Kingdoms Of Life.
Classification Notes. Taxonomy: the science of classification Why do we need a system of classification? –Brings order –Logical means of naming organisms.
Unit V: Classification Ms. Buechler Int. Sci. 4/Biology.
CLASSIFICATIONCLASSIFICATION ADDING ORDER. Engage Alien Planet Story.
Classification of Animals. Review Biology is the study of life… So what makes something living?
Science AHSGE Taxonomy. Classifying living things according to their evolutionary relationships –Similarities and differences –Examples: Structure, chemistry,
Human Classification Animal Kingdom Cordate Phylum Mammal Class Primate Order Hominoid Family Homo Genus sapiens speices.
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