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1Best viewed at full screen and high resolution Welcome to...The Show of the CenturyRecline Your Chair,Put Your Feet Up and Enjoy...Learning About theRespiratory and CirculatorySystems of the Human BodyBest viewed at full screen and high resolution
2Best viewed at full screen Human Respiratory System DiagramTitle PageBest viewed at full screenNasal PassagePharynxTracheaBronchioleBronchiAlveoli
3Oxygen Cell Hi I am O2 ,you can call me oxygen, and I will be your guide today.I advise you to keep all feetand hands inside the ride at all times.Oxygen CellJH
4Respiratory IntroYou may be asking, what is the Respiratory system? Well, the Respiratory system is the system that helps you breath in and out, so oxygen (02) can be pumped through your body and carbon dioxide (CO2) can be removed from the blood stream. You must remember that the Respiratory system is made up of many different organs.JH
5Where are we? Nasal Passage Here We Go!!! Tongue Pharynx Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs)Thin-walled blood vessels called capillariesVery thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood.Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage.TonguePharynxWhere are we?Here We Go!!!JH
6Picture Intro Here is a overview picture of the Respiratory System. Just go to the next slide to seeit.MB
8Welcome The Respiratory System Now we will begin our tour. Welcome to… MB
9The Nose and Mouth This is where it all begins. This is where the oxygen firstenters your body and also whereCarbon Dioxide leaves.MB
10The Nose and Mouth When the air comes into your nose it gets filtered by tiny hairs and it is moistened by themucus that is in your nose.Your sinuses also help out with yourRespiratory System. They help to moistenand heat the air that you breath.Air can also get into your body through yourmouth/oral cavity but air is not filtered asmuch when it enters in through your mouth.MB
11Here is a picture of your nasal and Nose and Mouth PictureNasal CavityNostrilOral CavityPharynxHere is a picture of your nasal andoral cavity.MB
12Where are We? Nasal Passage We are here. Tongue Pharynx Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs)Thin-walled blood vessels called capillariesVery thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood.Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage.TonguePharynxWe are here.MB
13The Pharynx and Trachea Next we will head down to your pharynx(throat) and your trachea (windpipe).This is where the air passes from yournose to your bronchi tubes and lungs.MB
14The Pharynx and Trachea (Throat)MouthTracheaYour pharynx (throat) gathers air after it passesthrough your nose and then the air is passed down toyour trachea (windpipe).Your trachea is held open by “incomplete ringsof cartilage.” Without these rings your tracheamight close off and air would not be able to getto and from your lungs.MB
15Where are We? Nasal Passage Tongue Pharynx We are here. Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs)Thin-walled blood vessels called capillariesVery thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood.Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage.TonguePharynxWhere are We?We are here.MB
16The Bronchi Tubes and Bronchiole Intro Your trachea (windpipe) splits up intotwo bronchi tubes. These two tubes keepsplitting up and form your bronchiole.MB
17The Bronchi Tubes and Bronchiole These bronchi tubes split up, liketree branches, and get smaller and smallerinside your lungs.The air flows past your bronchi tubesand into your bronchiole. These tubeskeep getting smaller and smaller until theyfinally end with small air sacs (called alveoli).But we will go there later…MB
18Alveoli and Bronchi Picture TracheaBronchi TubesBronchioleAlveoliMB
19Where are We? Nasal Passage Tongue Pharynx Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs)Thin-walled blood vessels called capillariesVery thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood.Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage.TonguePharynxWhere are We?We are here.MB
20The Alveoli and Capillary Network Now we will head over to thealveoli and what happens when theair finally makes it down there.MB
21The Alveoli and Capillary Network Your alveoli are tiny air sacsthat fill up with air/oxygen when youbreath in.Your alveoli are surrounded bymany tiny blood vessels calledcapillaries.The walls of your alveoli (and capillaries) areso thin that the oxygen or carbon dioxide canpass through them, traveling right into, orout of your blood stream.MB
22Alveoli Picture Here is a close Capillary up picture of your Alveoli and a Capillarysurrounding it.CapillaryRed Blood CellOxygen is picked upCarbon Dioxide is dropped offWall of the air sacMB
23Where are We? Nasal Passage Tongue Pharynx Bronchi Tubes Alveoli (air-sacs)Thin-walled blood vessels called capillariesVery thin cells line the alveoli so that O2 and CO2 can pass in and out of the blood.Bronchioles pass air to and from your alveoli.The Trachea is held open by partial rings of cartilage.TonguePharynxWhere are We?We are here.MB
25Looking at the AlveoliLets take a closerlook shall we.JH
26Red blood cell carrying Carbon dioxide Chemical change is taking place in cellRed blood cell carrying oxygenAlveolusContiguous Basal Laminae (Membrane)CapillaryChemicalsJH
27Contiguous Basal Laminae (Membrane*) OxygenDiffusionCarbon DioxideOxygen diffuses through the membrane into the blood stream. Carbon Dioxide diffuses through the membrane and enters the alveolus.AlveolusContiguous Basal Laminae (Membrane*)Capillary* A specialized thin layer of skin that oxygen and carbon dioxide can pass through.JH
31Here is an experiment that you can try. Diaphragm ExperimentJH
32Experiment Instructions 1st you need a bottle that you can sacrifice tocut up.2nd you cut the bottom of the bottle and put a big balloon on the bottom.Experiment Instructions3rd get a rubber cork ( make sure it blocks the hole)and put a hole through it ( top to bottom). Insert a thin tube into the cork and place a balloon on the bottom of the tube.4th make sure the thing is airtight.JH
33Respiratory Overview Review CO2Air Passing over the mucus membrane of the nasal cavity is moistened, warmed, and filteredInside the lungs the Bronchi branch into small tubes called bronchiolesThe Pharynx, or throat, is located where passages from the nose and mouth came together.Respiratory Overview ReviewAt the end of the bronchioles are bunches of alveoli, air sacs, arranged like grapes on a stemAir enters the trachea, or wind pipe which leads to and from the lungsIf one lobe is injured or diseased, the other lobes may be able to function normallyThe trachea divides into two tubes called bronchiJH
34Fun Facts * The right lung is slightly larger than the left. * At rest, the body takes in and breathes out about 10 liters of air each minute.* The right lung is slightly larger than the left.* The highest recorded "sneeze speed" is 165 km per hour.* The surface area of the lungs is roughly the same size as a tennis court.* The capillaries in the lungs would extend 1,600 kilometers if placed end to end.* We lose half a liter of water a day through breathing. This is the water vapor we see when we breathe onto glass.* A person at rest usually breathes between 12 and 15 times a minute.* The breathing rate is faster in children and women than in men.
35Key WordsRespiratory System- The group of organs in your body that are responsible for taking in Oxygen and breathing out the Carbon Dioxide which is the waste product of cellular respiration.Oxygen-The gas that your body needs to work and function.Carbon Dioxide- The waste product (gas) that is produced through respiration of people and animals.Nose/Nasal Cavity- Where Oxygen first enters your body. Tiny hairs help filter the air and air is moistened and heated by your nose. Your Nose leads into your Nasal Cavity.Mouth/Oral Cavity- Oxygen/air can also enter through your Mouth but it is not filtered. Your Mouth opens up into your Oral Cavity.Sinus- A cavity in the bones of your skull that helps moisten and heat the air that you breath.Pharynx/Throat- Gathers air from your Nasal and Oral Cavities and passes it to your Trachea.Trachea/Windpipe- A tube like pathway that connects your throat to your Bronchi Tubes and lungs. Air passes through it when it travels from the Pharynx to the Bronchi Tubes.
36Key Words Cont.Bronchi Tubes- Each tube (one per lung) splits up into many smaller tubes called Bronchiole, like branches on a tree.Bronchiole- Keep splitting up until they reach your Alveoli.Respiratory Bronchiole- The air-tubes that are actually connected to the Alveoli.Alveolar Duct- The final tube, which is part of the Alveoli, that leads to the air-sacs.Alveolar Sac- Where the chemical change takes place and where blood cells pick up oxygen and drop off carbon dioxide.Alveoli- Tiny air-sacs at the end of your Alveolar Duct. They fill up with Oxygen and are surrounded by Capillaries.Capillaries- Tiny blood streams (around one cell wide) that surround your Alveoli. They take Oxygen out of our Lungs and replace it with Carbon Dioxide, which you later breath out.Diaphragm- The muscle membrane that helps you breath in and out by changing the pressure in your chest cavity.
37Works Cited For more information please visit: -Why do you need to breathe? And basic info on parts of the Respiratory system-An overview of the parts of Respiratory System-A basic look at the Respiratory System-Fun Facts-Very detailed info and some animation-Has many other body systems too-Web slides with a little info and good pictures-The Nose and Nasal CavityHuman anatomy coloring book
38Works Cited Cont. Where we got some of our pictures:
39Prepare Your Cranium For The Further Insertion of Knowledge
40Title Page The Circulatory System Hannah Redlich and Joe Zalan Circulatory System Created byHannah Redlich and Joe ZalanCaltex American School Duri, Indonesia
41IntroductionThe Circulatory System is the main cooling and transportation system for the human bodyThe body has about 5 liters of blood continuously traveling through it by way of the Circulatory SystemIn the Circulatory System, the heart, lungs, and blood vessels have to work togetherThe Circulatory System has three different parts: pulmonary circulation (lungs), coronary circulation (heart), and systemic circulation, (the rest of the system’s processes).
42The Heart By The Way… Pulmonary Veins This organ is what pumps oxygen rich blood, nutrients, hormones, and the other things your body needs to maintain your health, to your organs and tissues.The pulmonary veins you see on the right side of the diagram come from your lungs, where the blood cells collect oxygen. It’s then pumped out to the rest of the body through the Aorta (Top).All of the blue sections show blood cells carrying waste, (C02) moving back to the lungs (where the C02 will be replaced by oxygen) through the Pulmonary Artery (Top, blue)Pulmonary Artery(Superior Vena Cava) From the Body(Aortic Artery) To the bodyPulmonary VeinsValves: (tricuspid valve semilunar (pulmonary) valve, bicuspid (mitral) valve, and the semilunar (aortic) valve(Inferior Vena Cava) From the BodyBy The Way…Whenever the blood is pumped from one section of the heart another a valve closes behind it preventing the blood from moving backwards.
43Blood Flow through Heart Blood from the body travels into the right atrium, moves into the right ventricle, and is finally pushed into lungs in the pulmonary arteriesThe blood then picks up oxygen and travels back to the heart into the left atrium through the pulmonary veinsThe blood then travels through the to the Left Ventricle and exits to the body through the Aorta…Left AtriumRight Atrium
44Blood Flow to ArmsOxygen rich blood leaves the heart and travels through arteriesIn the capillaries the oxygen and food is given to the body’s cellsThe blood finally travels back through veins to the heart to pick up oxygenARTERIES- FROM HEARTCAPILLARIESVEINS- TO HEART
45Pulmonary Vein Aorta Brachial Artery Renal Artery Redial Artery Path to the ExchangePulmonary VeinAortaA red blood cell then travels from the heart through arteries that eventually branch into the body’s vast system of capillaries (microscopic blood vessels which connect arteries and veins), they eventually lead to…Brachial ArteryRenal ArteryRedial ArteryUlnar ArteryIliac Artery
46TRANSACT The Exchange How It Works… Now lets travel to the legs!!! When the itty bitty teeny tiny red blood cells pass the desired tissue they……………………………….Oxy-Rich Blood CellTissueThe oxygen the blood cells are carrying is given to the body’s tissue.And the CO2 (waste) from the tissue is given to the same blood cell to be exhaled.TissueOxy-Poor Blood CellTechnically the Hemoglobin in the blood (a substance full of iron) attracts oxygen from the lungs. The red blood cell then carries it to the desired tissue. Because this tissue has a high CO2 count the hemoglobin lets go of its oxygen and collects the carbon dioxide. You see the hemoglobin has an affinity for whichever gas has a greater count. Because the tissue has a large amount of built up waste (CO2) the hemoglobin attracts it and then replaces it with oxygen, and vise versa in the lungs.How It Works…Now lets travel to the legs!!!
47Blood Flow to Legs !FUN FACT! Approximately 500 ml of blood moves from the heart and lungs down to the legs when a person stands up after lying downThe oxygen rich blood cells then travel through the capillaries where yet another…
48The oxygen and CO2 are exchanged…in the cells Gas Exchange Occurs,The oxygen and CO2 are exchanged…in the cellsOxygen RichTissueDon’t forget that the Hemoglobin in the blood cells let go of the cell’s oxygen because of the large CO2 (waste) count in the tissue.Oxygen PoorOxygen RichOxygen PoorNow lets go back to the heart!!!
49Circulation back to Heart To upper bodyFrom upperbodyTo lungTo lungCapillaries carry the blood to…Venules that connect to veins and the…Veins (wide blood vessels) carries the oxygen-poor blood back to the heart.From lungFrom lungRight AtriumLeft AtriumRight VentricleLeft VentricleFrom lowerbodyTo lower body
50It is the only reason you’re still alive today… ConclusionAs you have learned (Hopefully) the Circulatory System is one of the most important systems in the human body…It is the only reason you’re still alive today…and you can attribute the cooling down, feeding of and protection of your body to it.So the next time you bust open your leg skateboarding you can thank your Circulatory System for patching you up.
51Works Cited For further information please visit: -circulation picture-how circulatory system works-Heart and Leg Pictures-circulation picture-arm picture-heart picture-detailed views of the Cardiovascular System-complex leg picturediagram of the circulatory system-picture of heart valves-basic picture of arteries
52So Take a Deep Breath and Go Home The End!The EndSo Take a Deep Breath andGo Home