Presentation on theme: "Circulatory System & Respiration System"— Presentation transcript:
1Circulatory System & Respiration System By: Jordan Monfort, April Quijano & Christopher Siess
2Circulatory SystemCirculatory system is responsible for transporting materials throughout the entire body. It transports nutrients, water, and oxygen to your billions of body cells and carries away wastes such as carbon dioxide that body cells produce. It is an amazing highway that travels through your entire body connecting all your body cells.The Circulatory System is divided into three major parts:The HeartThe BloodThe Blood Vessels
3The HeartThe heart is located roughly in the center of the chest cavity. It is covered by a protective membrane, the pericardium.It's job is to pump your blood and keep the blood moving throughout your body.Deoxygenated blood enters the right atrium of the heart through the superior vena cava.The right atrium contracts and pushes the blood cells through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle.The right ventricle then contracts and pushes the blood through the pulmonary valve into the pulmonary artery, which brings it to the lungs.In the lungs, the blood cells exchange carbon dioxide for oxygen. This oxygenated blood returns to the heart by way of the pulmonary vein and enters the left atrium.The left atrium contracts and pumps the blood through the mitral valve into the left ventricle. Then, the left ventricle contracts and pushes the blood into the aorta.The aorta branches off into several different arteries that pump the oxygenated blood to various parts of the body.
4The BloodThe heart pumps blood which is consisting of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasmaRed Blood Cells- Red Blood Cells are responsible for carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide. Red Blood Cells pick up oxygen in the lungs and transport it to all the body cells. After delivering the oxygen to the cells it gathers up the carbon dioxide and transports carbon dioxide back to the lungs where it is removed from the body when we exhaleWhite Blood Cells- White Blood Cells help the body fight off germs. White Blood Cells attack and destroy germs when they enter the body. When you have an infection your body will produce more White Blood Cells to help fight an infection. Platelets are blood cells that help stop bleedingPlatelets- the platelets start to stick to the opening of the damaged blood vessels. As the platelets stick to the opening of the damaged vessel they attract more platelets, fibers and other blood cells to help form a plug to seal the broken blood vessel. When the platelet plug is completely formed the wound stops bleedingPlasma- Plasma is the liquid part of the blood. Approximately half of your blood is made of plasma. The plasma carries the blood cells and other components throughout the body. Plasma is made in the liver.
5The Blood VesselsThe blood is pump through tubes known as blood vessels. There are three types of blood vessels: arteries, capillaries and veinsArteries- Arteries are blood vessels that carry oxygen rich blood away from the heart. It has three layers of thick walls.Veins- Veins carry blood back toward your heart.Capillaries- Capillaries are tiny blood vessels as thin or thinner than the hairs on your head. Capillaries connect arteries to veins. Food substances, oxygen and wastes pass in and out of your blood through the capillary walls.
6Respiration SystemThe main purpose is to supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body.The mouth, nose, trachea, lungs, and diaphragm are used in Respiration.Nose and Mouth - Oxygen enters the respiratory system.Trachea - is a tube that enters the chest cavity. In the chest cavity, the trachea splits into two smaller tubes called the bronchi. Each bronchus then divides again forming the bronchial tubes.Lungs - The bronchial tubes lead directly into the lungs where they divide into many smaller tubes which connect to tiny sacs called alveoli. The inhaled oxygen passes into the alveoli and then diffuses through the capillaries into the arterial blood. Meanwhile, the waste-rich blood from the veins releases its carbon dioxide into the alveoli.Diaphragm - help pump the carbon dioxide out of the lungs and pull the oxygen into the lungs. The diaphragm is a sheet of muscles that lies across the bottom of the chest cavity. As the diaphragm contracts and relaxes, breathing takes place. When the diaphragm contracts, oxygen is pulled into the lungs. When the diaphragm relaxes, carbon dioxide is pumped out of the lungs.
7FeedbackHomeostasis is the maintenance of a stable internal environment. Homeostasis is a term coined in 1959 to describe the physical and chemical parameters that an organism must maintain to allow proper functioning of its component cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems.For example, when a person is exercising the body needs more oxygen as an result the heart beats faster and the person breathes faster and harder in order to meet the body oxygen demands.Classic negative feedbackIf there is drop in Red Blood Cell (RBC) count causes hypoxemia to kidneysErythropoietin production increasesstimulation of bone marrowRBC count increases in 3-4 daysClassic Positive feedback- The plugging or sealing of damaged vessels by the platelets
8Circulatory and Respiratory System Activity 1: Circulation Now, that you know the importance of the circulatory and respiratory system, do these three activities on the circulatory and respiratory system!Circulatory and Respiratory System Activity 1: Circulation
9Situation:A single working mother of 4 has mysteriously gotten ill. So thinking it is a minor common cold or flu, she takes the day off to go see her doctor. Her doctor can not figure out what is the cause of her ill so she is sent home for some rest. However, later that night, she is awaken to the fact that she is spiting a large quantity of blood. Highly alarm she is take to your hospital. While testing her blood it was realized that her blood platelet levels are low.
10Task:You are the world leading diagnostician and you have been presented with one of your toughest class ever.Find what disease is making her sick.What is the primary treatment for her disease?Use these links to help you find what you are looking for:
11What would be your next step into curing this disease ? Hint: Your not out of the woods yet. SUDDENLY!!! Your patient is having an allergic reaction to your primary treatment.What would be your next step into curing this disease ?Hint:It is a commonly used on patients with this dangerously 20th century disease. About 1.2 million people get diagnosed with this disease a year.
12Circulatory and Respiratory System Activity 2: Respiration Now, Its time to work on the Respiratory SystemCirculatory and Respiratory System Activity 2: Respiration
13As you know, the lungs of the human respiratory system takes in oxygen from the area surrounding us and takes out carbon dioxide from our bodies. This process is something called gas exchange. People mostly think our lungs only work in air, but it doesn’t seem to be the case!
14In an anime called Neon Genesis Evangelion, mech pilots have to breathe in liquid in the cockpit. This is similar to some process called Liquid breathing.
15Your mission is, by these three links I’ve given you, found out all about what the process is in real life!:Liquid Beathing Page from Bristol University's School of ChemistryLiquid Breathing page from BSACArticle at Skyaid.org
16Cardiovascular & Respiratory Activity 3: Circulation & Respiration Now, Let put all your detective work together!!!!!!Cardiovascular & Respiratory Activity 3: Circulation & Respiration
17Situation-You are a doctor at a free clinic.A man is brought in late at nightWith a bullet wound in his chest,Below the right nipple and abovethe diaphragm. There is no exitwound. You suspect that thebullet punctured the lung and isstill in the body.Tasks -What steps do you take?Using these links to help your complete your tasks good luck:
18ReferencesAnatomy of the Human Circulatory System. Circulatory System. April 30, 2008 fromBlood Circulation. Circulator System. April 30, 2008 fromBody Systems. The Human Heart. April 30, 2008 fromCirculation System. Hillendale Health Curriculum. April 30, 2008 fromHomeostasis. Animal Organ Systems. April 30, 2008 fromReview 2. Biology 112. April 30, 2008 from