3Sternum p.4 Manubrium: Clavicular notch Jugular notch Body: sternal angle- where 2nd rib attaches to the body, it’s where the heart is.Xiphoid Process: be cautious of this during CPR, landmark for hand placement
4Ribs p.4 True: make a direct attachment to the sternum, 1st 7pairs False: attach anteriorly to each other by costal cartilages, pairs 8-10Floating: have no anterior attachments, ribs 11 & 12
5Chest and Abdomen Muscles: Pectoralis Major:Sternal and clavicular heads, forms anterior border of axillaO: Clavicle, sternum, upper 6ribsI: Lateral lip of bicipital grooveA: Clavicular head-flexion of humerus at shoulder joint horizontal adduction.Sternal head-Flexion of humerous at shoulder jointWhole muscle-Adduction at shoulder joint medial rotation of humerus
6Pectoralis Minor*brachial plexus (bundle of nerves) runs just underneath, can get impinged.O: Ribs 3,4,5I: coracoid process of scapulaA: -Protraction-Depression-Downward rotation-pulls on coracoid in such a way that glenoid fossa is oriented downward.
7SubclaviusO: 1st ribI: ClavicleHolds clavicle in place
8Intercostals 3 layers of muscle that lie between your ribs External- most superficialFiber direction, like putting hands in pocketsInhalation/Inspiration
9Intercostals cont; Internal- Fiber direction, 90 degrees difference Exhalation/ExpirationInnermost- Same fiber direction and same action as internalTransverse Thoracis- very deep, lies beneath xiphoid processInvolved with expiration by depressing the ribs.
10Serratus Anterior O: lateral surface of upper 8 ribs Looks like serrated edge of knife—runs close to ribs and between ribs and scapula before:I: Anterior vertebral border of scapulaA: Protraction, Holds scapula against ribs.
11Serratus Anterior cont: N: Long thoracic nerveSerratus Anterior Long Thoracic (jagged edge of knife, cut steak and then put SALT on it)Weak serratus anterior causes winging out of scapula
12Rectus AbdominisPubic symphysis/crest > xiphoid process and costal cartilages of ribs 5,6,7.2 masses separated by linea albaAnterior and Posterior rectus sheath cover and interconnect to form tendinous inscriptionsActions: Flexion of torso/trunkhelps compress abdominal contents thereby supporting abdominal organs and assisting in forced expiration
13Diaphragm -Looks like a big mushroom -Primary muscle of respiration N: Phrenic Nerve-Flat muscle that divides chest from abdominal area.
14Diaphragm cont: -Has 3 openings (apertures) -Vena Caval foramen: allows for passage of inferior vena cava (brings back deoxygenated blood to heart)-Esophageal hiatus: esophagus passes thru here, about level of T10.Herniation can occur (hiatal hernia-stomach pops thru this opening)
15Diaphragm cont:-Aortic hiatus: about level of T12, descending portion of aorta, carrying oxygenated blood to body.Vena Cava = T8Esophageal = T10Aortic Hiatus = T12
16Set Goals or Achieve Nothing! Now time for class assignment.
17Questions-Chest 1.Which muscle forms the anterior wall of the axilla? 2. What is the relationship between pectoralis minor and the brachial plexus?3. What is the nerve supply to the respiratory diaphragm?4. Name the openings of the respiratory diaphragm and what structures pass through each openings?
18Questions-Chest 5. A weak _____causes winging of the scapula? 6. State the origin, insertion and action for each muscle in this area:-Pectoralis Major and Minor-Subclavius-Intercostals-Serratus Anterior-Rectus Abdominis-Diaphragm
19Questions-Chest7. List the bony landmarks of the chest: ribs, sternum, clavicle.
20Quiz next class on the chest and abdominal muscles. The End!Quiz next class on the chest and abdominal muscles.