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ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION. Introduction Strict emission standards require precise fuel delivery Computers used to calculate fuel needs EFI very precise,

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Presentation on theme: "ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION. Introduction Strict emission standards require precise fuel delivery Computers used to calculate fuel needs EFI very precise,"— Presentation transcript:

1 ELECTRONIC FUEL INJECTION

2 Introduction Strict emission standards require precise fuel delivery Computers used to calculate fuel needs EFI very precise, reliable & cost effective EFI provide correct A/F ratio for all loads, speeds, & temp ranges

3 The Fuel Injector Electromechanical device Controlled by PCM Engine rpm determines when injector opens How long it stays open determined by: –Engine temp –Engine load –Throttle pos. –O2 sensor voltage

4 Throttle Body Injection (TBI) First injection unit used Housing similar to Carb One or two injector One or two of these units mounted to intake manifold FIG 6-40 CLASS

5 LOW PRESSURE FUEL INJECTOR psi operating pressure Ball style pintle Easily replaceable

6 GM’s Crossfire Injection

7 Multi-Port Fuel Injection One injector per cylinder Mounts in intake manifold, sprays directly at intake valve Fired in groups or individually (SFI) Ram Tuning for denser air charge Lower A/F temps Leaner mixture during warm-up

8 Bosch & Delphi Multec

9 Fuel Pressure Regulator Located at end of fuel rail Maintains constant pressure at injectors Internal chamber contains a diaphragm –Pressurized fuel on one side –Manifold vacuum & spring tension on other Manifold vacuum pulls up on diaphragm, metering fuel that is returned to tank Excess fuel pressure can overcome spring tension, allowing fuel to return to tank Increases in manifold pressure causes spring tension to push diaphragm down, blocking return line, increasing pressure in rail.

10 Fuel Pressure Regulator

11 Fuel return Vacuum hose connection Fuel rail Fuel Pressure Regulator

12 Central Port Injection (CPI) Injector located in center of intake manifold 60 psi system 6 or 8 poppet valves attached to one TBI type injector

13 Central Multi-Port Injection (CMPI) Similar to CPI Individual injectors, with poppet valves

14 CMPI Connections Electrical Connectors Fuel Supply Fuel Return

15 CMPI Up Close Fuel Pressure Regulator Cylinder Numbers

16 Poppet Nozzles Contains a check ball & extension spring Regulate the flow of fuel into cylinder Fuel flows when pressure exceeds 40 psi Ball reseats when pressure drops

17 Injector Testing Coil Test – Specific current supplied, measures voltage drop Injector Balance – Inj. Energized for a precise time frame, record fuel pressure drop

18 Injector Circuit Testing Noid lights Simple test light that plugs into injector connector Light flashes with each electrical pulse

19 Injector Cleaning Periodic cleaning removes varnish & other deposits Pressurized canister dispenses cleaning solution MUST disconnect fuel pump!


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