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Patent-in-suit. Prior Art 1 – Stethoscope + Mic Prior Art 2 – Tactile Sensor.

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Presentation on theme: "Patent-in-suit. Prior Art 1 – Stethoscope + Mic Prior Art 2 – Tactile Sensor."— Presentation transcript:

1 Patent-in-suit

2 Prior Art 1 – Stethoscope + Mic

3 Prior Art 2 – Tactile Sensor

4 Evaluating Validity (Obviousness) over Prior Art Capacitive Microphone in Stethoscope (‘849 patent, filed 1992) Capacitive Touch Sensor (‘389 patent, filed 1997) Prior Art 1Prior Art 2 +

5 Patented Technology (‘854) 4 Movable, Flexible Diaphragm Electrically Conductive Surface of Diaphragm Electric Field Electrically Conductive Plate Attachment Means to Mount to Housing

6 Claim 13 An electronic stethoscope including an acoustic-to-electrical transducer for detecting body sounds, the transducer comprising: -a stethoscope diaphragm having an electrically conductive surface, the diaphragm being mounted in a stethoscope chestpiece such that the diaphragm can contact the body for body sound detection and vibrate in response to body sounds; -a fixed conductive plate substantially parallel to the diaphragm, mounted within the chestpiece, the conductive plate being positioned at a distance about or exceeding 0.5 mm from the diaphragm, the diaphragm conductive surface and fixed conductive plate forming two plates of a capacitor and connected in the form of an electrical capacitance to electrical circuitry; -a capacitance-to-electrical signal conversion means to convert diaphragm-plate capacitance changes due to body sound vibrations to electrical signals; -the stethoscope further comprising signal amplification means and at least one electrical-to-acoustic transducer connected to signal amplification means, to reproduce body sounds as detected by said transducer.

7 What is a capacitive sensing? Mechanical Signal  Electrical Signal

8 Prior Art 1 – Microphone inside Stethoscope Capacitive Microphone in Stethoscope (‘849 patent, filed 1992) Prior Art 1

9 Brief History of Stethoscopes 1816 Monaural 1851 Binaural 1926 Bell/Diaphragm Modes 1962 Electronic Stethoscope with Piezo-electric Sensor 1986 Electronic Stethoscope with Hydrophone Sensor 1992 Electronic Stethoscope with Microphone 1999 ‘854 Patent Filed (Time-line NOT drawn to scale)

10 Prior Art 1 – Stethoscope +Mic Electret (Capacitive) Microphone (3.49:3.54)

11 Patent-in-suit - 6,498,854 ‘Transducer for Sensing Body Sounds” 4

12 What is tactile sensing?

13 Prior Art 2 – Tactile Sensors Capacitive Touch Sensor (‘389 patent, filed 1997) Prior Art 2

14 Prior Art 2 – Tactile Sensor Finger Flexible, Insulating Layer Stylus (Rigid, in a typical embodiment) Ground Plane “X-Y Matrix” X-trace Y-trace

15 Key Dates Patent-in-suit Prior Art 1 Prior Art 2

16 Prior Art 2 – Tactile Sensor (3.36:3.52)

17 Insulating Film Ground Plane Prior Art 2 – Tactile Sensor Flexible, Displaceable, Insulating Layer “X-Y Matrix” (4.31:4.37)


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