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MUSI 207 Africa Chapter 7. The Music of Africa Chapter 7 Presentation General Principles of African Music.

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Presentation on theme: "MUSI 207 Africa Chapter 7. The Music of Africa Chapter 7 Presentation General Principles of African Music."— Presentation transcript:

1 MUSI 207 Africa Chapter 7

2 The Music of Africa Chapter 7 Presentation General Principles of African Music

3 Interlocking is the practice of fitting pitches into spaces between other parts, alternating pitches or phrases of one part with those of another to create a whole part. An example is the whole melody created by a mbira player’s two hands.

4 General Principles of African Music Call and response is the alternation or interlocking of leader and chorus, or of a vocal and instrumental part. Hocket is the interlocking pitches between two or more sound sources to create a single melody or part. An example is Pygmy vocal music.

5 General Principles of African Music Dense, overlapping textures and buzzy timbres manifested in a preference for overlapping drum and percussion rhythms. An example is Ewe drumming. Wind and string instruments incorporate percussive elements: strings are more often plucked than bowed and wind instruments are often played with a breathy sound quality. An example of a percussive string sound is the kora.

6 General Principles of African Music Cyclical and open-ended forms involving one or more repeated melodies/rhythmic patterns (ostinatos) as the basic foundation of a performance. Ostinato is a repeated melodic or rhythmic pattern that forms the basic foundation of a piece or musical section (sometimes called “melorhythm” or “ensemble thematic cycle”).

7 General Principles of African Music Community participation. The participation of non- specialists is facilitated by long performances with much repetition and by the close association of music with dance. Importance of rhythmic complexity. This can occur at many levels: juxtaposition of duple and triple patterns (hemiola), multiple layering of different rhythmic patterns, and interaction between core foundation and varied/improvised elaboration parts.

8 For next class Chapter Exam 7 is due Friday Comment on the D2L PowerPoint presentations Read Chapter 7 ( ) on African music Read Chapter 7 (pgs ) on African music

9 A man should hear a little music, read a little poetry, and see a fine picture everyday of his life. - Goethe


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