3 Greece Began as worship / festival for Dionysus Is the foundation of all theatre todayTypically had 3 actors on stage at a timeUsed masks to help project voice and imageMainly performed comedy and tragedyUnity of time, place and action.Time means actual time on stage = real time. (no “later”)Place means only one location usedAction means only action that promotes story usedThe Chorus helped to narrate the story
5 Greek TermsOrchestra: The circular, level space where the chorus would sing, dance, and interact with the actorsTheatron (Theatre): Where the spectators sat.Skene (Scene): The decorated "tent" behind the stage.Prologue: Spoken introduction before the chorus appears. Gives background.Thespian: Thespis is the first to break from the chorus and become an actor (world’s 1st actor). So a Thespian is an actor – a term still used today.Tragedy: Comes from Greek word "traegos" which means goat song. Greek tragedy involves a hero with a tragic flaw.Trilogy: Three tragedies centered around one theme…And many, many more terms we still use today.
6 Other Additions Opera Musicals Lighting and stage production improvements
7 From Stage to FilmEarly movies reflect many of the same ideas of theatreThe “3 act play” is still reflected in many of the movies of todayMany actors, directors or producers work in stage, film and television.
8 Review Know the basics of Greek theatre Understand the Greek terms still used todayOrchestraSkeneTragedyTrilogyThespianTheatreChorus