Presentation on theme: "Jan 26, 2012 “Worry is an old man with bended head carrying a load of feathers which he thinks are lead.” Anonymous."— Presentation transcript:
1Jan 26, 2012“Worry is an old man with bended head carrying a load of feathers which he thinks are lead.”Anonymous
2Decorated writing folder 10 SAT word maps “Pass up the following:Signed syllabusDecorated writing folder10 SAT word maps
3The History of Ancient Greek Drama The Greek TheaterGreek ActorsThe MaskGreek Religion
4The History of Greek Drama 5 Learning StationsEach learning station will inform you of the following components of Greek Drama:The History of Greek DramaThe Greek TheaterGreek ActorsThe MaskGreek ReligionVideo Segment
5LEARNING STATION INSTRUCTIONS For each station, you must do the following:Read the instructions on the folder!Read the handout for that particular station to answer the questions.After the ten minutes is up, move to the next learning station in a clockwise system.DO NOT WRITE ON THE HANDOUTS THAT ARE DESIGNATED FOR THAT LEARNING STATION!!!
6Learning Station Topics LEARNING STATION 1: Origin of Greek Drama and ActorsLEARNING STATION 2: Greek Masks and Greek TheaterLEARNING STATION 3: Greek ReligionLEARNING STATION 4: “Oedipus” Video SegmentLEARNING STATION 5: Pre-reading Questions & Anticipation Guide
7The Origins of Greek Drama Where can the origins of drama be found?Athens, Greece2. What is a “Dionysia” and why is this a significant event?It was an annual festival of dances and songs performed in honor of the god Dionysus (the god of wine and procreation).3. What did the song-like storytelling evolve into?An enactment of Dionysian legends in Greek history.
84. How were the first plays performed? With just one actor and a chorus of people who helped him to tell the story.5. How did “acting” eventually come about?In a competition, a man named Thespis astounded audiences by leaping on to the back of a wooden cart and reciting poetry as if he was the characters whose lines he was reading. In doing so he became the world's first actor6. Why was drama important to the Greeks?It was their way investigating the world they lived in, and what it meant to be human.
9Greek Actors What was considered a citizen’s public duty? Participating in Greek drama by performing in the chorus2. How did one become an actor?One must train in the art of public speaking3. What were the privileges of an actor?They were respected and often exempt from military duty.4. Why were women prohibited from acting?Greek society was male-dominated
105. How did actors dress to ensure that they were seen? They e wore long, flowing robe with a great deal of padding and high, plat-formed shoes.6. How did their attire limit them on stage?They were not able to move around much.7. How did the actors remedy this limitation?Limited mobility forced the actors to develop broad, sweeping gestures to signify emotions such as the beating the breast and tearing their clothes to indicate mourning and grief.
11The Greek Mask Give the four functions of the Greek masks: a. Allowed them take on the role of a specific characterb. Served as a megaphoneIdentified age, sex, mood, and rankAllowed actors to change roles easily
14Structure of Greek Theatre Skene: A building used as an area into which actors could exit the scene to change costumes and masks.Proscenium: Acting area, or stage.Orchestra: Where the chorus performed.Parados: Passage on the left or right through which the chorus entered the orchestra. Theatron: Seating area built into a hillside in the shape of a horseshoe.
19Pre-Reading Discussion Questions If you defied your parents and did something wrong, what’s the worst punishment they could dole out to make sure you wouldn’t do such a thing again?Should a person be judged guilty of a crime if he or she is unaware that any crime was being committed?Is being self-assured ever a bad thing?Have you ever wanted to see a movie after having read the book? Why would you want to spend the money if you already know the story?
20Read the Myth…Quick Question: Why did spectators in ancient Greece want to see a play in which they were already familiar?Answer: The entertainment came from the suspense of watching the characters learn the truth. Also, their prior knowledge supplied the play’s dramatic irony.
21Today’s Central Question Why read a 2400 year old Greek Tragedy about a man who committed incest???The myth of Oedipus attempts to show the consequences of human pride and rashness, of trying to outwit the gods. Oedipus’s fate—killing his father and marrying his mother—involves a taboo that operates regardless of time or place (incest) as the worst possible consequence that could befall a human attempting to place himself above the gods. Sophocles is not endorsing incest; he’s depicting it as the worst thing that anyone could ever do.
22Traits of Tragedy Late point of attack Violence and death occurred offstageFrequently used messengers to relate informationStories based on myth or history, but varied interpretations of eventsFocus was on psychological and ethical attributes of characters, rather than physical and sociological.
23structure of a tragedyPrologue, which describes the situation and sets the sceneParados, an ode sung by the chorus as it made its entranceFive dramatic scenes, or episodes--the last of which is called the EpilogueEach episode is followed by a stasimon, a choral ode, an exchange of laments by the chorus and the protagonist. (This ode is sometimes called a komos.)Exodus, the climax and conclusion