8Teachers & Staff Mr Chabert /'ʃɑbɛʀ/ Patriotic PE teacher Uncle La Père Maxence /lɑ pɛʀ mæ'kʃɔ̃s/Kind-hearted JanitorMr Chabert /'ʃɑbɛʀ/Patriotic PE teacherMr Langlois /lɔ̃'glwɑ/Piano-playing mathsteacher
9Principal Rachin Principal @ Fond de L’Etang “Action – Reaction” A real educator?
10Activity 1 Ahmood Principal Rachin Doris Miss Teacher Nice MathieuJohnson Mr Teacher Bad Cop Chabertwrites something bad about the headmaster Rachin on the white boardWhen Rachin comes into the classroom….
11Activity 1How do you feel when Rachin asks Mathieu to pick someone as scapegoat and punish the whole class?
15Rachin & Legalism Legalism Believes that human are inherently bad Merely education is not adequate to rectify the bad nature of humanClear rules/laws have to be set on people have to obey the rules/laws in order to maintain a stable societyPeople have to obey what the head says
16Legalism in the movie Rachin Emphasize strict obedience the rules Students must obey and follow the rulesAlways requires students to keep silent‘action-reaction’punishment, rather than teaching or inspiring students, is a better way to make students obey the rules
27Activity 2Discuss with your groupmates, what philosophical perspective is evident?Hints : try to think from the Chinese philosophical perspective
28Mathieu great believer of student's potential promote personal expressionthrive hard to arrange environment that encourages them to find areas of interestExample:setting up of a choir → stimulates children to use their potentiality
29Idealists Idealists’ Perspective: believes developing perspective only be attained in :a deliberate, slow, gradual, maturing process.→ simply use humanistic, warm, sensitive approach as a wake-up call to their inner heart.
30Pragmatist Both Dewey & Mathieu believe : → music, voices as a tool can transcend minds.the role of a teacher (Dewey) :→ to orient learners toward experiences that lead to growth→ to provide continuity to those experiences.
31Postmodernist raise the kids that is underrepresented, marginalized. this school seemed to be the last resort for 'hopeless kids'. And unlike his principal, he treated them with heart.e.g. orphaned boys, or boys whose parents don't have means to support them (financially and/or socially)
32Why not Realist ? X basic skills X scientific X prepare for world of workX Realist usually feel conforming to the school order / administration would be wise.
33Confucianism What is Confucianism in educational perspectives? Believes people are teachable,improvable and perfectiblethrough personal and communalendeavor.Emphasizes self-cultivation,emulation of moral exemplars,and the attainment of skilledjudgement rather thanknowledge of rules.
34Confucianism Requires a teacher be one who has developed their What is Confucianism in educational perspectives?Requires a teacher be onewho has developed theirown character.Does not use structuredclasses but encourages thestrengths of students andimproves their weaknesses.
35Confucianism and Mathieu Teaching methods from ConfucianismApplication of Mathieu in the filmTo develop students’ interests in learningTo observe students’ behaviors and to communicate with them in order to have a comprehensive understanding of them.Mathieu asked their students what they wanted to do when they grew up.Mathieu found that the students had a good voice for singing so he composed for them every day.Mathieu has positively recognized the students’ incentives so as to maintain their self-esteem.
36Confucianism and Mathieu Teaching methods from ConfucianismApplication of Mathieu in the filmUses music as a tool for teaching and cultivating “li” (propriety ; 禮).Believes people possessing the same potential, and that education is the corrective means to stray from ethical behaviors.Establishes a harmonious relation between teachers and students.Mathieu has tried to use music to cultivate his students.Mathieu believes different students have the same potentials to be explored.Before teaching the musicStudents were naughty and did not follow the rules.After teaching the musicStudents became obedient and established a sense of trust to Mathieu.
37Mencius and Mathieu Teaching methods derived from Mencius Application of Mathieu in the filmBelieves people at birth are naturally good (kind-hearted).Recognizes the importance of human education and cultivation.Le Querrec has hurt Maxence but Mathieu has not punished him or taken him to the principal.On the other hand, Mathieu requires him to help look after Maxence every day after class by working at the infirmary.Rather than punishment, Mathieu gives the opportunity for Le Querrec to compensate his fault.
39Music (choir) in the eyes of Mathieu “Music has helped with discipline”
40Music in Confucianism : a device for self-cultivationa vehicle of self-expressiona force of social stabilitya political toola medium of communion between man, nature and supernatural powers
41Music in Confucianism : “Personal cultivation begins with poetry, is made firm by rules of ceremonials, and is perfected by music.”(Lunyu, in the chapter “Tai Po”
42Music in Confucianism : capable of completing the personal development of the individualone’s ethical values are cultivated and one becomes the ideal Confucian gentlemanan honourable person, a paragon of moral integrity.Moral integrity = Confucian idea of humaneness (ren 仁)
43Music in Confucianism : the essence of music is humanenessA man who is not virtuous cannot claim to be a musician nor have anything to do with music
44HAN Yu, Tang Dynasty, “What is a Teacher?” Conclusion唐。韓愈《師說》HAN Yu, Tang Dynasty, “What is a Teacher?”To Preach the Ethics傳道To Solve the Confusion解惑To Teach the Knowledge授業
45ReflectionWhy do you think music is chosen as a vital subject to change the kid’s life and not math or physics instead? What does music mean to you?