Presentation on theme: " Originated in religious festivals in honor of Dionysus – god of wine & fertility Festival would last 5 days in March or April 50 men would sing."— Presentation transcript:
Originated in religious festivals in honor of Dionysus – god of wine & fertility Festival would last 5 days in March or April 50 men would sing and dance; sacrifice goat: tragedy means goat – song Athenian Thespis Introduced actor who dialogues with Chorus Invented drama
Second actor Dialogue became more important; Chorus less Wrote plays in trilogies focused on a theme
Most tragic writer Reduced role of Chorus Humanized characters to make plays more realistic
7 of 120 plays survived 3 rd actor Fixed Chorus at 15 men Oedipus Rex, Electra, Ajax ANTIGONE! Made each play in trilogy separate in nature
Theatron – seeing play where audience sat Orchestra – circular dancing place where actors and Chorus performed Thymele – altar to Dionysus in center of orchestra Skene – building used as a dressing room Proskenion – Façade of skene building which served as backdrop Parodos – entrance to theatre used by Chorus
Hypocrites – the answerer – playing roles All male performers Costumes Long robes; symbolically colored Larger than life masks – made of linen, wood, cork Identified gender, age and emotion Exaggerated features: large eyes, open mouth
Prologue: Opening scene of exposition Parados: Entrance ode by Chorus Episode: Dramatic scene Stasimon: Choral ode 5 episodes followed by odes Exodus: Exit scene Things to think about while reading play: How do all of these components work together?
Leader: Choragos Music and Dance Musical accompaniment for choral odes – flute, lyre, percussion Function Sets overall mood; expresses theme Gives background information Divides action and offers reflections on events Questions, advises, expresses opinion, usually through Chorus leader
Unities: Action – simple plot Time – within 24 hours Place – one scene throughout Messenger Tells news happening away from scene Reports acts of violence not allowed to be seen
Based on well-known myths High-status person experiences reversal of fortune by tragic hero Fate ensures his or her actions will bring doom Audience members experience Catharsis Emotional relief that an audience is supposed to experience at end of play
Often warns against excess PRIDE PASSION Concerns limitations of: Human knowledge Sympathy Foresight Every decision has consequences
High status in society; innately noble or virtuous Tragic flaw triggers downfall HARMARTIA: Tragic flaw HUBRIS: Arrogance Misfortune overboard Increase in awareness; tragic hero learns lesson
Family members should always support each other. Following an order is sometimes more important than being true to a personal belief. Strong leaders should not show compassion. Courage is often foolhardy (foolish).