C o l o r s Created by Mrs. Miller and 5 th Grade Students at Vine Grove Elementary School 2004-2005
Primary Colors Primary colors are colors that cannot be made by mixing other hues. They are the first colors. redyellowblueThey are red, yellow, and blue. Primary colors are the colors from which the secondary colors are made.
R E D redFire engines are red. redSome flag stripes are red. redAnger is red.
Y E L L O W yellowThe sun is yellow. yellowSome Lab dogs are called yellow. yellowSome people have yellow hair called blonde.
B L U E blueThe sky is blue. blueThe American flag has white stars on a blue background. blueMoods can be blue.
Primary Colors Song RedyellowblueRedyellowblue RedyellowblueRedyellowblue Primary Colors Song (Sung to the tune of Are You Sleeping?) Primary colors, primary colors; Red, yellow, blue; Red, yellow, blue. These are the first colors. Mixing them makes all the others. Red, yellow, blue; Red, yellow, blue.
Secondary ColorsSecondary ColorsSecondary ColorsSecondary Colors Secondary colors are colors that contain an equal amount of two primary colors. greenorange violetThese colors are green, orange, and violet. Blue + Yellow = GreenBlue + Yellow = Green Red + Yellow = OrangeRed + Yellow = Orange Blue + Red = VioletBlue + Red = Violet
Green greenGrass is green. greenFrogs are green. green.Emeralds are green.
Orange orange.Oranges are orange. orange.Pumpkins are orange. orange.Apricots are orange.
Violet violetFlowers are violet. violetGrapes are violet. violetAmethysts are violet.
Secondary Colors Song Violetgreenorange red yellow orange redyellow orange Secondary Colors Song (Sung to the tune of Hokey Pokey) Chorus: Secondary colors; secondary colors, Violet, green, and orange, That’s what they’re all about. You put some red color in. You add some yellow color, too. You blend them both together And you get an orange hue. Equal amounts of red and yellow Make an orange secondary color That’s what it’s all about. (Repeat Chorus)
Secondary Colors Song Violetgreenorange yellow blue green yellowblue green Secondary Colors Song (continued) Chorus: Secondary colors; secondary colors, Violet, green, and orange, That’s what they’re all about. You put some yellow color in. You add some blue color, too. You blend them both together And you get a nice green hue. Equal amounts of yellow and blue Make a green secondary hue. That’s what it’s all about. (Repeat Chorus)
Secondary Colors Song Violetgreenorange red blue violet redblue violet Secondary Colors Song (continued) Chorus: Secondary colors; secondary colors, Violet, green, and orange, That’s what they’re all about. You put some red color in. You add some blue color, too. You blend them both together And you get a violet hue. Equal amounts of red and blue Make a violet secondary hue. That’s what it’s all about. (Repeat Chorus)
W a r m C o l o r s Red Orange Yellow Derivatives of these colors
C o o l C o l o r s Green Blue Violet Derivatives of these colors
The Color Wheel P = Primary Colors (first colors) S = Secondary Colors (made by mixing equal amounts of 2 primary colors) T = Tertiary (or Intermediate) Colors (made by mixing un- equal amounts of primary colors) N = Neutral Colors (black, white, gray, and brown)
Neutral and Complementary Colors Complementary Colors are located directly opposite each other on the color wheel, i.e. red and green, blue and orange, etc. Neutral Colors can be made by mixing com- plementary colors or by mixing the warm and cool colors together.
Monochromatic Color Scheme Mono means one. Chromatic means color. A monochromatic color scheme is one color with all its tints and shades.
Analogous Color Scheme Analogous Color schemes consist of four colors side by side on the color wheel with each one containing a common hue. The common hue will be a primary color.
HueHue: The classification or name of a color. ValueValue: The amount of light or dark contained in the color ranging from black to white. IntensityIntensity: The strength or weakness (brightness or dullness) of a color.
Resources Linderman, Marlene Gharbo. 1997. Art in the Elementary School, fifth edition. Brown and Benchmark Publishers. Pictures and clip art were taken from personal photographs, Microsoft program clip art, and the Internet. http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/TEACH/floral/color.h tm (Internet site)http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/TEACH/floral/color.h tm