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Poetry Terms Take notes and add examples!. Alliteration  Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning or in the middle of successive words  Tongue.

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Presentation on theme: "Poetry Terms Take notes and add examples!. Alliteration  Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning or in the middle of successive words  Tongue."— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry Terms Take notes and add examples!

2 Alliteration  Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning or in the middle of successive words  Tongue Twister  Sue Sang Songs  Picture Perfect Play

3 Alliteration - Eat Wisely Alan Loren Franks and fries, and French fondue Beans and burgers and biscuits too Chicken, chili, and cheddar cheese When I munch too much, I always sneeze!

4 Assonance  Repeating of vowel sounds  beat/week  light/mine  icky igloos

5 Assonance The Bells ~ Edgar Allen Poe Hear the mellow wedding bells - Golden bells! What a world of happiness their harmony foretells! Through the balmy air of night How they ring out their delight! From the molten-golden notes, And all in tune, What a liquid ditty floats To the turtle-dove that listens, while she gloats On the moon!

6 Consonance  Repetition of consonant sounds  Consonance is the repetition of two or more consonant sounds within a line.  Often the consonant sounds come at the very end of the word, but they come in the middle as well.  Up/drip

7 Free Verse  Poetry that has not set structure or pattern  Rhythm does not come from rhyme  Rhythm comes from repetition  “April Rain Song” – Langston Hughes

8 April Rain Song Langston Hughes Let the rain kiss you Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops Let the rain sing you a lullaby The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk The rain makes running pools in the gutter The rain plays a little sleep song on our roof at night And I love the rain.

9 Hyperbole  Big exaggeration, usually with humor  These 17-day weeks are a killer!  Mile high ice cream cone – yum!

10 Hyperbole My Dog ~ Sharon Hendricks His bark breaks the sound barrier His nose is as cold as an ice box. A wag of his tail causes hurricanes His jumping causes falling rocks. He eats a mountain of dog food And drinks a water fall dry. But though he breaks the bank He’s the apple of my eye.

11 Imagery  Words a poet uses that appeal to our senses  Help create a mental picture  The fog comes in on little cat feet (Carl Sandburg)  “The Red Wheelbarrow”

12 The Red Wheelbarrow William Carlos Williams so much depends upon a red wheel barrow glazed with rain water beside the white chickens.

13 The Way I Play Soccer~ Natasha Niemi Imagery Sweat streams down my face, And my skin turns red under the watchful eye of the sun. The sound of cleats pounding the earth is deafening As my enemies charge down the field towards me. I can sense the shooter is going to miss; All at once, the ball collides into my chest. Screams of victory roar across the field. The grass stained, game ball rests Rests lovingly between my two hands.

14 Line Info…  Line–single row of words appearing together in a line  Line Break – place where line of poetry stops  Line Length –  number of words in a line,  can be 1 word, 5 words, etc.  helps create a rhythmic pattern  Poetry is a boatload of fun

15 Metaphor  Comparison without using like or as  One thing is another  The cat is a shadow.  My Reading teachers are geniuses!!

16 Onomatopoia  Naming a thing or an action by imitating the sound associated with it  buzz, hiss, roar, woof

17 The Game Natasha Niemi Clap! Clap! Stomp! Stomp! Swish! Swish! This is the way we get through Our games. The crowd shouts, ”Yahoo!” The ball soars through the air. Then, bounce, bounce, bounce. The audience holds its breath. SWISH! The ball goes in; We win!

18 Personification  Giving something human qualities  The room exhaled a sigh of relief when the ugly carpet was ripped off the walls!

19 Personification – Dinnertime Chorus ~ Sharon Hendricks  The teapot sang as the water boiled The ice cubes cackled in their glass the teacups chattered to one another. While the chairs were passing gas The gravy gurgled merrily As the oil danced in a pan. Oh my dinnertime chorus What a lovely, lovely clan!

20 Repetition  The repeating of words, sounds, phrases or lines  Used to emphasize an idea and establish a rhythm  Yesterday, all my troubles seemed so far away…

21 Mayfly MaryAnn Hoberman Think how fast a year flies by A month flies by A week flies by Think how fast a day flies by A Mayfly’s life lasts but a day A single day To live and die A single day How fast it goes The day The Mayfly Both of those. A Mayfly flies a single day The daylight dies and darkness grows A single day How fast it flies A Mayfly’s life How fast it goes.

22 Rhythm/Meter  Rhythm – the steady beat of the poem which makes the poem flow  Meter – the rhythmic pattern in a poem  Poetry is a boatload of fun Nothing’s better under the sun

23 Rhyme Scheme/End Rhyme Rhyme Verse  Rhyme Scheme ~  The pattern of rhyme scheme in a poem  Makes a stanza  Identified by lower case letters  End Rhyme ~  Rhyming at the end of the line  Makes a rhyme scheme  Creates rhythm in rhyme verse  Rhyme Verse ~  Form of poetry whose rhythm is established by rhyme  Has a set structure and pattern

24 Rhyme Scheme, End Rhyme Rhyme Verse

25 Rain Poem Elizabeth Coatsworth  The rain was like a little mouse, Quiet, small, and gray, It pattered all around the house And then it went away. It did not come, I understand, Indoors at all, until, It found an open window and Left tracks across the sill.

26 Simile  Comparison of two things using like or as  Shows that one thing is similar to another  The cat’s fur is as black as night!

27 Stanza Couplet, Quatrain, Sestet  Stanza ~  Grouping of lines in a poem  Usually 2-6 lines  Spaces separate stanzas  Couplet (2 lines), Quatrain (4 lines), Sestet (6 lines)  Named for the number of lines in them  Set up based on rhyme scheme


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