Presentation on theme: "Poetry TAKE NOTES!. Figurative Language Word or phrase that is not to be understood on a literal level Ex: It’s raining cats and dogs."— Presentation transcript:
Poetry TAKE NOTES!
Figurative Language Word or phrase that is not to be understood on a literal level Ex: It’s raining cats and dogs.
Examples of Figurative Language: Simile: comparison using like or as Metaphor: direct comparison between two unlike things Personification: giving animals, objects, or natural forces human characteristics Hyperbole: an extreme exaggeration Onomatopoeia: words that imitate the sound or action they describe
Alliteration: repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of 2 or more words Idiom: phrases common to a language. Often confusing because the meaning of the phrase is different from the literal meaning of the words themselves. Pun: a play on words; often has two meanings Allusion: reference to a well-known person, place, thing, or event in history, literature, art, etc. Poetry terms cont.
Imagery Language that appeals to the senses Ex: The crystal blue water cascaded down the mountain making tiny waterfalls glisten in the warm sunlight.
Mood Tone The feeling a piece of literature evokes in the reader The author’s attitude toward his subject
Symbol Theme An object in literature that represents something else the author’s message to the reader or the subject matter the author focuses on in his work
Stanza A fixed number of lines that form a unit in a poem Couplet - two line stanza Triplet - three line Quatrain - four line Quintet - five line Sestet - six line Septet - seven line Octave - eight line
Types of Poetry Narrative Poetry: poem that tells a story Lyric Poetry: expresses speaker’s thoughts and emotions Epic Poetry: long narratives that feature heroic deeds Sonnets: 14 line poem with a fixed rhyme scheme Ballads: have a story similar to folk tales and often had a repeated refrain Ode: poem that honors a person, place, or thing
Narrative Poetry: “Casey at the Bat” The outlook wasn't brilliant for the Mudville nine that day; The score stood four to two, with but one inning more to play, And then when Cooney died at first, and Barrows did the same, A pall-like silence fell upon the patrons of the game. A straggling few got up to go in deep despair. The rest Clung to that hope which springs eternal in the human breast; They thought, "If only Casey could but get a whack at that — We'd put up even money now, with Casey at the bat." But Flynn preceded Casey, as did also Jimmy Blake, And the former was a hoodoo, while the latter was a cake; So upon that stricken multitude grim melancholy sat; For there seemed but little chance of Casey getting to the bat.
Lyric Poetry: “Dust of Snow” The way a crow Shook down on me The dust of snow From a hemlock tree Has given my heart A change of mood And saved some part Of a day I had rued.
Epic Poetry: “The Iliad” Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans. Many a brave soul did it send hurrying down to Hades, and many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures, for so were the counsels of Jove fulfilled from the day on which the son of Atreus, king of men, and great Achilles, first fell out with one another.
Shakespearean Sonnet Consists of 3 quatrains and a concluding couplet Abab Cdcd Efef Gg
Sonnet 018 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer's lease hath all too short a date: Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; But thy eternal summer shall not fade Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, When in eternal lines to time thou growest: So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this and this gives life to thee.
Ballad: “Greensleeves” Alas, my love, you do me wrong, To cast me off discourteously. For I have loved you well and long, Delighting in your company. Chorus: Greensleeves was all my joy Greensleeves was my delight, Greensleeves was my heart of gold, And who but my lady greensleeves. Your vows you've broken, like my heart, Oh, why did you so enrapture me? Now I remain in a world apart But my heart remains in captivity. chorus I have been ready at your hand, To grant whatever you would crave, I have both wagered life and land, Your love and good-will for to have. chorus If you intend thus to disdain, It does the more enrapture me, And even so, I still remain A lover in captivity. chorus My men were clothed all in green, And they did ever wait on thee; All this was gallant to be seen, And yet thou wouldst not love me. chorus Thou couldst desire no earthly thing, but still thou hadst it readily. Thy music still to play and sing; And yet thou wouldst not love me. chorus Well, I will pray to God on high, that thou my constancy mayst see, And that yet once before I die, Thou wilt vouchsafe to love me. chorus Ah, Greensleeves, now farewell, adieu, To God I pray to prosper thee, For I am still thy lover true, Come once again and love me.
Ode: “Ode to the Dinosaurs” I sing of those who failed to make the Ark; Who would have made that cockleshell capsize. Despite their comeback in Jurassic Park Still abject failures in most people’s eyes. Absurd monstrosities – vast bulk, long necks, Thick skins, huge jaws, and brains the size of peas – “No wonder that they didn’t make the grade! Tyrannosaurus Rex? Rex, meaning king? It ruled the world? Oh please! Mankind’s achievements put theirs in the shade!”
Rhyme Repetition of identical or similar sounds in two or more different words
Rhyme Internal rhyme: rhyme that occurs within a line instead of the end of a line Slant rhyme: words that are near in rhyme but not exact Blank verse: unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter Free verse: poetry without any rhythm or rhyme pattern
Rhyme scheme The pattern of rhymed lines The cat went to the store, (a) And was seen nevermore. (a) The dog was quite glad, (b) For the cat made him very mad. (b)
Rhyme scheme I had a cat, (A) The boy had a dog. (B) The cat ate the rat, (A) And the dog chewed a log. (B) Roses are red (A) Violets are blue (B) Sugar is sweet, (C) And so are you. (B)