2 Lysistrata 411 BCE The pact: Athens, allies, foes Also seize the treasury…Two choruses: old men and old women who bicker at the gates of the AcropolisComic styles: situational comedy, farce, satire
3 Performances at Festivals Athens had 4 festivals winter-springCity Dionysia, late March; contests among tribes and individuals; drama is biggestLenaea: late Jan, more comediesArchon grants a chorus to writers and appoints choregus to fund writersWriters create scripts, rehearse chorus and principles, act2 days dithyramb choruses, 3 days tragedies, 1 day comedies (from 486 BCE)Competition among choregus, writers, actors
5 Theatre Structures Orchestra: circle to 1/2 circle Amphitheatre: wood to stone, up to 14,000Skene: wood to stone; only doors and stepsProskenionParodos (left vs. right, chorus entrance and exit)Thymele (altar, usually used)Deus ex machina and EkkyklemaPeriaktoi: not til Hellenistic era: first painted and changing scenery
7 Actors and CostumesPossession by role like possession by gods or like inebriated state; link to DionysusAll men; women are not citizens and not on stageProtagonist, 2nd and 3rd actors; change costume and mask for character changesDwarfed by surroundingsShort chitons on men, long on womenMasks, cothurnoi, comedy uses phallus
8 Masks have not survived; they were made of wood, plaster, linen. These are terra cotta models.Top left is Dionysus. Top right is comic woman, bottom left is comic man.
9 Influence of Greek Drama 4th Century Hellenistic Age, then Athens falls by 338 BCECultural influence spreads to Egypt, the Middle East, and Rome.Extant Greek texts (plays, gov’t records) and other Greek artifacts (figures, vase paintings) come to us mostly from Rome.Much has been lost: Aristophanes: we have 11 plays out of at least 40 (titles survive). Music? Dance? When did painted scenery arrive (periaktoi)