2The Greek TragedyBelieved that dramatic structure of Greek tragedy influenced the eventual division of a play into acts and scenes.Greek tragedy divided into five sections.
31. The Prologue (Prologos) Opening portion of the playSets the scene and contains the exposition
42. The Parados Entrance song of the Chorus Named after the broad isles on either side of the theatron (theatre), where the Chorus entered and exited from.
53. The Episodes (Scenes) Scene in the action (plot) of the drama. Scenes (episodes) are performed by the actors (distinguished from stasimons—performed by the Chorus).Episodes alternate with the stasimons.
64. Stasimons (Odes) A choral passage (performed by the Chorus) Alternates with the episodesType of lyric poem.Chorus performed through song and dance accompanied by instruments.
75. Exodos Concluding section of the tragedy. Ends with the chorus singing their final lines as they exit.
8How Oedipus relates to Plot Structure: Exposition—Prologue, ParadosRising Action—Scene 1, Ode 1 through Scene 3,Ode 3Climax—Scene 4Falling Action—Ode 4, ExodosResolution--Exodos