Presentation on theme: "Sungai Ara Gospel Hall D IVINE AND A PPOINTED H EADSHIP in Biblical Perspective – The Rights, Roles and Responsibilities of Divine Persons, & of Men and."— Presentation transcript:
Sungai Ara Gospel Hall D IVINE AND A PPOINTED H EADSHIP in Biblical Perspective – The Rights, Roles and Responsibilities of Divine Persons, & of Men and Women in Creation, in the Home and in the Church. By K. C. Ung I Cor. 11:3 KJV: But I would have you know, that the Head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the Head of Christ is God. NIV: Now I want you to realize that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the Head of Christ is God.
Recapitulation: Study No. 1 I. H EADSHIP IN THE D IVINE T RINITY. I Cor. 11:3 A. T HE "R IGHTS " ("E QUALITY ") OF D IVINE P ERSONS. 1. The Father, the Son and the Spirit is God. 2. The Father and the Son are One. 3. The Son is equal with God, the Father. 4. All are baptized in the N AME of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. B. T HE R OLES OF D IVINE P ERSONS. The Father sent the Son and the Spirit; The Son sent the Spirit and the Spirit does not speak of Himself. The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him. Thus, the Father is the First Person of the Godhead; the Son, the Second Person, and the Spirit, the Third..
II. THE ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES IN THE DIVINE HEADSHIP A. T HE H EADSHIP OF G OD OR G OD IS THE H EAD OF C HRIST. I C OR. 11:3 C cf. 15:28 The Rights: Phil. 2:5, 6, NIV Christ Jesus, Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped. The Roles: Phil. 2:7, 8, NIV But made Himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness. And being found…as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to death-- even death on a cross! Then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him that put all things under Him, that God may be all in all. Cf. I Cor. 15:28
B. T HE H EADSHIP OF C HRIST OR C HRIST IS THE H EAD OF M AN. I C OR. 11:3 A The Rights: T o those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God – Jn. 1:12, NIV If children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ – Rom. 8:17 For which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren – Heb. 2:17 The Roles: Christ is Head, Master and Lord. Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am. Jn. 13:13 Cf. And why call ye Me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say? cf. Lk. 6:46
B. T HE H EADSHIP OF M AN OR M AN IS THE H EAD OF THE W OMAN.I C OR. 11:3 B 1. The Rights of Believers in Redemption Order – all are equal. Gal. 3:26-28 neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus. 2. The Role of Man's Headship in Creation Order. Heb. 2:5-8 Thou madest him a little lower than the angels… Thou hast put all things in subjection under his feet. Before the Fall In Gen. 1:26-28 – Man and Woman Equal In Gen. 2:18-25 – Man as Head, Woman as Help During the Fall Gen. 3:1-15 – Man and Woman Irresponsible After the Fall Gen. 3:16-24 – Man and Woman made Responsible. Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.Gen. 3:20 Forgiven and moving Forward. Roles Re-established in the Home Order. Gen. 3:16-19-24
Study 2 – the head of the woman is the man. I Cor. 11:3b 3. The Role of Man's Headship in Home Order. Eph. 5:22-33 a. As Christ is the Head of the Church, so the Husband is the Head of the wife. Eph. 1:22; 5:23 cf. Col. 1:18 i. This Role is to be Reflected in the husband’s Relationship with his wife – He is Head of the Home. ii. And his Responsibility is to Love her and to Lead – to the extent of........... Sacrifice - as Christ also loved the church, and gave Himself for it. 5:25, 29 Self-love - love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself. 5:28, 33 Showing esteem - Honouring his wife, as unto the weaker vessel. I Pet. 3:7 ct. Eph. 5:33 - He is to Nourish and Cherish her. 5:29 The Standard : even as the Lord the church. 5:29
3. The Role of Man's Headship in Home Order. Eph. 5:22-33 [a. As Christ is the Head of the Church, so the Husband is the Head of the wife. Eph. 1:22; 5:23 cf. Col. 1:18] b. As the Church is Subject to Christ, so is the Wife to her Husband. Eph. 5:24 i. This Role is to be Reflected in her Relationship with her husband – She is Subordinate and she Submits. ii. And her Responsibility is to Submit in the fear of God and in... 5:22 cf. 21 Her Recognition of her Lord-given Role - as unto the Lord... in everything 5:22, 24 In Respecting his Leadership – wife must respect her husband. 5:33, NIV
3. The Role of Man's Headship in Home Order. Eph. 5:22-33 c. As Christ is an Example of Submission Himself, for "the Lord's sake" I Pet.2:21; 2:13 Christians are to be subject to God's ordained authorities.- i. The Meaning of Submission for all. (hupotasso fr. hupoi = under; tasso = arrange; a military term = to rank under) I Pet. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake. 2:13 Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear. 2:18 In the same manner, ye wives, be in subjection to your own husbands. 3:1 The holy women.....being in subjection unto their own husbands. 3:5 Angels and authorities and powers being made subject unto Him (Christ) 3:22 In like manner, ye younger submit yourselves unto the elder. 5:5
i. The Meaning of Submission - hupotasso ii. The Manner of Submission for the Wife.I Pet. 3:1-6 What Submission does not mean. It does not mean...... Putting the husband in the place of Christ. cf. I Pet. 2:13, 21 Giving up independent thought – "Ye wives..." 3:1 Stopping to influence her husband – "be won by.... the wives." 3:1 Giving in to every demand of her husband – "your chaste conduct" 3:2 (obey, except when it would be sin to obey) Being of lesser intelligence or competence – she has spiritual insight, being a believer. Being fearful or timid – “do what is good and never let fears alarm you.” 3:6, NRSV Being inconsistent with equality in Christ – "heirs together" 3:7 Mutual or totally interchangeable submission – "Submit" (hupotasso) only of wife. 3:1, 5, 6
i. The Meaning of Submission - hupotasso ii. The Manner of Submission for the Wife.I Pet. 3:1-6 What Submission does mean. It is an inner quality of gentleness that affirms the husband's leadership. 3:4 It involves obedience like Sarah's. "even as Sarah obeyed" 3:6 Iii. The Model of Submission in Sarah and the holy women. I Pet. 3:5, 6 They were submissive to their own husbands. 3:5 They "adorned" themselves with the inner man of the heart.3:5 cf. vv. 3, 4 Sarah obeyed and respected Abraham.3:6 Sarah did what was right and was not afraid. 3:6 The model remains for all "daughters" of Abraham. 3:6
iv. The Meaning of Leadership. I Pet. 3:7. What Leadership does not mean. It does not mean..... Harsh or domineering use of authority – "giving honour…. weaker vessel" 3:7 Equal sharing of leadership. No command for husbands to submit. ct. 3:1 Lesser importance of a wife – "as being joint heirs together" 3:7 Always giving in to the wife's wishes –ct. Abraham and Sarah. Gen. 16:2, 5 What Leadership does mean. It is "dwell (_ing together)...according to knowledge (understanding)"3:7 It is giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel.3:7 It is giving honour unto the "gunaikeio" = the feminine one. (only occ. in N.T.)3:7
4. The Role of Man's Headship in Church Order. I Cor. 11-14 a. The Church is the Extension of the Home. Cf. Eph. 5:24, 25 The Context of I Cor. 11 is not Extended to the Home: i. In the Home, the Father rules;I Tim. 3:4 In the Church, the Elder Rules I Tim. 3:4, 5 ii. In the Home, the Husband is Head of the Wife.Eph. 5:23, 24 In the Universal Church, Christ is Head of the Church. Eph. 5:23, 24 In the Local Church, Man is Head of the Woman. I Cor. 11:3 iii. In the Home, Children Obey Parents. Eph. 6:1 In the Church, members "Obey them that have the rule over you." Heb. 13:17
4. The Role of Man's Headship in Church Order. I Cor. 11-14 [a. The Church is the Extension of the Home. Cf. Eph. 5:24, 25] b. The "Church" is the Exposition of I Cor. Chs. 11-14 7 occurrences of "Come together (in the church )" 11:17, 18, 20, 33, 34; 14:23, 26 10 occurrences of "church/churches" 11:16, 22; 14:4, 5, 19, 23, 28, 33, 34, 35 Thus: I Cor. 11:3 reads: KJV: I would have you know, that the Head of every man is Christ; and the head of the woman is the man; and the Head of Christ is God. And Not: NRSV: I want you to understand that Christ is the head of every man (aner), and the husband (aner) is the head of his wife, and God is the head of Christ.
c. The Conduct that is to be Exemplified in the Church Gathering. As the Church is Subject to Christ, so is the Woman to the Man in the Church.I Cor. 11:2-16 i. The Woman's Relationship with the Man in a Church Gathering. In Representing the Church's Submission to the Lord.I Cor. 11:3,7 cf. Eph. 5:24 or Fallen Man ("the woman is the glory of the man") I Cor. 11:7c, 15 ct. 1:29; 11:7b In Role-playing in the church: In the Symbol of a head- covering. 11: 5, 6, 10, 13, 15 In the Responsibility of Learning in Silence and not Leading or Teaching. 14:34-35 cf. I Tim. 2:11-15
c. The Conduct that is to be Exemplified in the Church Gathering. i. The Woman's Relationship with the Man in a Church Gathering. ii The Man's Relationship with the Woman in a Church Gathering. In Representing Christ's Headship over the Church. I Cor. 11:3, 7 In Role-playing in the church: In the Symbol of the Uncovering of the Head. 11:4, 7, 14 In the Responsibility of Leading and Teaching. I Tim. 2:12-15 iii. The Reason for this Chosen Representation by the Man and the Woman – the Creation Order. I Cor. 11 The Man was not of the Woman, but the Woman of the Man. I Cor. 11:8 cf. Gen. 2:22 The Man was not created for the Woman, but the Woman for the Man. I Cor. 11:9 cf. Gen. 2:18 The Woman is of the Man, and the Man is by the Woman. I Cor. 11:12
c. The Conduct that is to be Exemplified in the Church Gathering. iv. The Reflection of the Designated Order A Refusal to Observe is regarded as... For the Man – a Dishonour to his Head and a Shame to himself. vv. 4, 14 For the Woman – a Dishonour to her Head and a Shame to herself. vv. 5, 6 - Similar to being Shorn or Shaven v. 6 cf. v. 15. ct v.7; 1:29
c. The Conduct that is to be Exemplified in the Church Gathering. iv. To Reflect the Designated Order v. To Reflect Decency and Order. I Cor.14:40 For the Man: I Cor. 11:7 Ought not to cover his head. Orderly Participation and Preaching. I Cor. 14:26-33 Outward Public Prayer and Teaching.I Tim. 2:8, 12 For the Woman: Symbolic Subordination. I Cor. 11:10 Silent Submission in Learning I Cor. 14:34, 35; I Tim. 2:11-14 vi. To Reflect our Declaration of Obedience … To the Custom of All Churches. I Cor. 11:16; 14:33b cf. 1:2 To the Commandments of the Lord. I Cor. 14:36-38 cf. 11:2, 23 Not a Case for Contention by any person. I Cor. 11:16; 14:38
Recapitulation. 1) Spiritual Headship is Attested to: a) With Physical Order.Cf. I Cor. 14:33, 40 b) With Personal Obedience. Rom. 13:1-3 cf. Heb. 5:8; Phil. 2:8 2) Submission to Headship is Acknowledged a) By Fulfilling God's Ascribed Relationships. b) By Functioning in God's Appointed Roles. 3) Symbolic Headship is to Attend Spiritual Headship a) Cf. The Baptism: The Symbol of Identification with Christ.Rom. 6:3-6 b) Cf. The Bread: The Symbol of Representation. i)For the Literal Body of Christ.I Cor. 11:23, 24 ii)For the Mystical Body of Christ.I Cor. 10:16 c) Cf. The Cup: The Symbol of the Blood of Christ. I Cor. 11:25 Hence, the Sign of Headship is the Appointed Uncovering of the Representative Head's head. I Cor. 11:7, 14 And the Sign of Submission is the Appointed Covering of the Subordinate's Head.I Cor. 11:6, 10
Conclusion: CHRIST, THE HEAD OVER ALL THINGS. I Cor. 15:23-28 1)He must be Head over ALL His Church. 15:23; 14:40 (Note: "the order") 2) He must be Head over ALL rule ALL authority and power 15:24 3) He must be Head over ALL His enemies.15:25, 26 4) He must be Head over ALL things.15:27 5) He must subject Himself to God as Head Who put ALL THINGS under Him, THAT GOD MAY BE ALL IN ALL I Cor. 15:28