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The Holocaust took place between 1933 and 1945. During that time 6 million Jews (2/3 of the total European Jewish population) were killed. The Nazis believed.

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Presentation on theme: "The Holocaust took place between 1933 and 1945. During that time 6 million Jews (2/3 of the total European Jewish population) were killed. The Nazis believed."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Holocaust took place between 1933 and 1945. During that time 6 million Jews (2/3 of the total European Jewish population) were killed. The Nazis believed that Germans were “superior” and that the Jews were “inferior”, thus killing them. Additional groups were targeted resulting in 5 million people being killed due to differences such as race, religious beliefs, political views, and physical disabilities.

2  Jan 30, 1933 Adolf Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany  March 20, 1933 – first concentration camp – Dachau  Sept 15, 1935 – Nuremberg Race laws  Nov 9, 1938 – Kristallnacht  Sept 1, 1939 – Germany invades Poland – WWII in Europe  Oct 8, 1939 – first ghetto in Poland  Dec 7, 1941 Japan bombs Pearl Harbor – US declares war  Mar 27, 1942 – Germany begins deportation of 65,000 jews to Auschwitz  July 15, 1942 – continued deportation – 100,000 to Auschwitz  Jan 27, 1945 – Soviets liberate Auschwitz  April 29, 1945 – U.S. liberate Dachau  April 30, 1945 – Hitler commits suicide

3  Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany in 1933  He is known for his leadership role in the rise of fascism in Europe, World War II, and The Holocaust.  Fascism is a radical attempt to create a nation where everyone is the same; violence was used to accomplish that goal.  These views were evident in the book he wrote – Mein Kampf – where he used propaganda to share his views of the superiority of the “Aryan race.”

4  definition :  distorted information that is systematically spread  The Nazi party used propaganda to gain and maintain power as well as implement their policies.  Prior to 1929, the main mode of propaganda for the Nazi party was Hitler and a few others who spoke publicly.  Propaganda become more organized when Hitler appointed Goebbels, a former journalist, to the head of party propaganda.  Jews were blamed for robbing German people while avoiding physical labor, themselves.  A German newspaper stated that Jews kidnapped small children before Passover because “Jews need the blood of a Christian child”  Posters, films, cartoons, and fliers were seen throughout Germany which attacked the Jewish community.

5  Definition:  Subjecting of a race or group of people to cruel or unfair treatment  On Jan 30, 1939 Hitler declared that a new world war would lead to the destruction of the Jewish race in Europe.  At first the destruction took place occasionally but eventually became methodical.  The persecution was carried out in stages.  First Jews were removed from civil society using the Nuremberg Laws.  Concentration camps were established where inmates were used as slave labor.  As new territory was conquered, treatment became more harsh. Many Jews were murdered in mass shootings, confined in overcrowded ghettos, and transported to death-camps where they were buried in mass graves or burned.

6  From 1933, when the Nazis came to power, Jews of Germany were subjected to discriminatory laws.  Over Hitler’s Reich of twelve years, there were over 400 restrictions against Jews.  In 1935 Jews were faced with new laws:  Forbidding intermarriage between Jews and Germans  Defining who is a full German based on bloodlines  Defining who is a “full” Jew based on bloodlines The end result: The more “full-blooded” a Jew was, the greater the level of discrimination.

7  The Schutzstaffel, or SS began as a special body guard for Adolf Hitler and other party leaders.  In 1934, they became the private army of the Nazi party.  Heinrich Himmler was the directer of this force.  They were used as policemen and concentration camp guards.  They went from door to door looking for enemies of Hitler. Anyone who spoke out against the Nazi party was arrested, and some were killed.

8  Secret State Police was formally organized after the Nazis seized power in 1933.  In 1936, Himmler was given command of the Gestapo as well as the SS. They were also joined with the Kriminalpolizei.  Due to all of the changes, the functions of each branch overlapped.  During WWII the Einsatzgrupen (Task Force) was formed.  It was their job to round up all Jews and other “undesirables” and send them to concentration camps of put them to death.  In Nazi Germany the police were allowed to arrest people on suspicion they were about to do wrong.  Those arrested had three minutes to pack and say goodbye.  There were no restrictions on The Gestapo; they could not be tried for their police actions.

9  Definition  A camp in which people are detained or confined, usually under harsh conditions  The first camps were established soon after Hitler’s appointment to chancellor in 1933.  In 1934, Hitler authorized Himmler to centralize the concentration camps into a formal system  In 1938, authority to incarcerate persons in a concentration camp was given only to the German Security Police.  Those imprisoned included  Persons considered a political danger  Habitual and professional criminals  Anyone with “asocial” behavior  In 1939, new territory and large groups of prisoners led to rapid growth of the concentration camp system  These camps increasingly became sites were people were murdered.

10  The term originated in the Jewish quarter of Venice, in 1516, where Jews were forced to live.  During WWII, ghettos were city districts where the Jewish population was forced to live under miserable conditions.  At first Ghettos were a temporary solution to segregate Jews.  Some lasted a few days while others months or years.  Eventually ghettos were destroyed as the “Final Solution” was implemented and the plan to murder all European Jews was carried out.

11  In 1941 Nazi leadership to implement the “Final Solution”.  German authorities used rail systems to transport Jews to eastern Europe.  The original perception of these deportation was a “resettlement” of the Jewish population  On the contrary, it was a transport to a killing center and the end result was mass murder.  Many died during transport due to lack of food and water, intense heat, freezing temperature, and unclean conditions.  Those who survived learned their fate soon after arrival.

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