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Using Native Plant Communities as a Template for Green Roof Design Doug Daley, P.E. Environmental Resources Engineering SUNY College of Environmental Science.

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Presentation on theme: "Using Native Plant Communities as a Template for Green Roof Design Doug Daley, P.E. Environmental Resources Engineering SUNY College of Environmental Science."— Presentation transcript:

1 Using Native Plant Communities as a Template for Green Roof Design Doug Daley, P.E. Environmental Resources Engineering SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Syracuse, NY Annual Meeting of the American Ecological Engineering Society June7-9, 2012

2 Summary Native plant communities are used as the basis for a Proof-of-Concept design approach Rooftop growing conditions at SUNY ESF Gateway Building will emulate dune and alvar communities found along the eastern shore of Lake Ontario Rooftop system will meet hydrologic performance requirements, support efforts to conserve unique ecological resources, and educate ESF’s broad community, including parents, students, Board, SUNY, municipal officials, designers,…

3 Green Roof Design in NY NYS Stormwater Management Design Manual: Green Roof (Chapters 4/5) Runoff reduction by storage and ET

4 Design Components - Functional Structural support Waterproof barrier Drainage layer (soil) supports vegetation, no clay, porosity > 15% Geosynthetic filter fabrics to prevent clogging Plants with tolerance for regional climate, harsh rooftop conditions and shallow rooting depth (e.g. alpine, arid)

5 Role of Vegetation Evapotranspiration Vegetation on extensive roof captures about 10% of storm event (Michigan State, VanWoert, et al, 2005, JEQ, 34(3): ) Medium captures about 50% Other values – Aesthetic – Habitat – Conservation

6 Green Roof Classes Intensive – Wide variety of plant species, including shrubs and trees, greater diversity of choice – Deeper substrate >4” to 6” – Park-like and accessible Extensive – Shallow soil (<=4”) – Herbs, mosses, grasses, sedums (NYSDEC) – “Low” maintenance – 2 visits/year to remove “invasives” Native vegetation is recommended (NYSDEC)

7 SUNY ESF Gateway Building

8 Great Lakes Sand Dunes Growing conditions include extreme temperatures, strong winds, shifting sands American beachgrass, Ammophila breviligulata

9 Endangered plant species found there: Champlain beachgrass (Ammophila breviligulata), rough avens (Geum laciniatum), woodland bluegrass (Poa sylvestris), marsh horsetail (Equisetum palustre), large twayblade (Liparis liliifolia), livid sedge (Carex livida), giant pine drops (Pterospora andromedea) sand dune willow (Salix cordata).

10 Alvar Barrens Prairie-like barrens – Flat, thin- to no-soiled, rocky (limestone bedrock) – Grasslands, limestone woodlands, cedar forests, pavement barrens – Adapted to extreme conditions: Shallow soil, regular spring flooding, summer drought Local Nature Conservancy efforts at Chaumont Barrens Preserve, Jefferson County – Extend through Michigan

11 Alvar Pavement Barrens

12 Plenty of Options for Color and Texture Selected Alvar Species Agropyron trachycaulum – slender wheatgrass Aquilegia canadensis – wild columbine Artemisa campestris var. caudata – tall wormwood Aster ciliolatus – aster Bromus kalmii – brome grass Carex eburnea – ebony sedge Carex granularis – sedge Carex vulpinoidea – brown fox sedge Danthonia spicata – poverty grass Deschampsia cespitosa – tufted hairgrass Fragaria virginiana –wild strawberry Geum triflorum – prairie smoke Juniperus communis – common juniper Muhlenbergia glomerata – spike or marsh muhly Oligoneuron album – upland white aster Penstemon hirsutus - hairy beardtongue Rosa blanda – meadow rose Saxifraga virginiensis – early saxifrage Solidago hispida – goldenrod Solidago nemoralis – gray goldenrod Sporobolus heterolepis – northern prairie dropseed Zigadenus elegans var. glaucus – white camas Zizia aurea – golden alexanders

13 Green PRoof Original design – SUNY CF – Thin soil, sedums Uprising – Original thought? – Creative design? – World-class environmental science and design programs? Team of ecologists, LA, engineer

14 Green PRoof of Concept – Day 13 3” Bed 8” Bed

15 Concept – Day 34 (July 19)

16 Concept – Day 64 (August 18)

17 Dune Willow, Salix cordata (3 months)

18 Tall wormwood, Artemisa campestris var. caudata (Day ) Rapid coverage, great survival

19 Sand cherry, Prunus pumila var. depressa Sand cherry was pruned to reduce competition, and provided great color and cover

20 Color/Texture

21 June 6, 2012 (Year 3)

22 ESF Gateway Building – Green Roof Section Mirafi G4

23 ESF Gateway Bldg – Dune Profile

24 MiraDrain G4 Drainage Composite Filter fabric Moisture retention mat Drainage mat Protection Fabric Storage Capacity = 0.32” rain (7.97 L/m 2 )(1.63 lb water/SF) Flow rate = 75 gpm/SF

25 Green Roof Runoff Reduction Water Quality volume (WQv) = 678 CF Storage Volume= = 871 cf WQv RRv

26 Dune and Alvar Plantings American Beachgrass Field Wormwood Wavy Hairgrass Canada Wild Rye Sand Dune Willow Salix cordata Eastern Sand Cherry

27 Monitoring Soil temperature, moisture content Survival, growth and cover Pioneers Precipitation, runoff

28 Design and Management Issues Designer resistance – Innovative? Need proof of concept – Faith? Plant propagation – Sedums are widely available Cost – Additional soil, unusual plants and increased structural loads Management – is it a garden, or a native system?

29 Summary Native plant communities are used as the basis for a Proof-of-Concept design approach Rooftop growing conditions at SUNY ESF Gateway Building will emulate dune and alvar communities found along the eastern shore of Lake Ontario Rooftop system will meet hydrologic performance requirements, support efforts to conserve unique ecological resources, and educate ESF’s broad community, including parents, students, Board, SUNY, municipal officials, designers,…

30 Acknowledgments Co-Authors/Investigators/Photographers (SUNY ESF) – Tim Toland – Don Leopold – Terry Ettinger – James Johnson SUNY Construction Fund NY Economic Development Illustrations: Sea Grant New York


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