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1 Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen. Outline Scale of the Crisis – Effect on population – South: 200,000 displaced – North: 350,500 displaced – Food insecurity.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen. Outline Scale of the Crisis – Effect on population – South: 200,000 displaced – North: 350,500 displaced – Food insecurity."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

2 Outline Scale of the Crisis – Effect on population – South: 200,000 displaced – North: 350,500 displaced – Food insecurity Risks to Development – Health challenges – Asylum seekers Humanitarian Outreach – Impact – Conclusion 2

3 Scale of the Crisis Half the total population affected by humanitarian crisis. Food insecurity and malnutrition widespread Crisis could undermine political transition and prospects for peace and long-term development Humanitarian community working with Government to reach those affected, but could do more with additional support Needs increasing especially in the south, but funds not yet available to meet new requirements 3

4 Effect on population 10 million food insecure, nearly one million children malnourished 550,000 people displaced from their homes by conflict 42 percent of population living below poverty line, youth unemployment 53 percent one in four households has a food- related debt Source : CAP 2010, CAP 2011 and CAP 2012

5 South: 200,000 displaced 5

6 North: 350,500 displaced 6

7 Food insecurity – per governorate % > 50% % < 20% No data

8 Risks to Development Nearly one million children under 5 malnourished. 267,000 severely malnourished Hodeidah alone 28 per cent children malnourished 8

9 Health challenges Outbreaks of cholera and diarrhea expected to increase in summer Measles threatening to become the number one killer of small children Polio virus incidents increasing due to low vaccination coverage Violence against children, 159 killed in

10 Additional challenges Half the population without access to affordable, safe water. Risk of diseases because of poor hygiene practices 300,000 children without access to quality education, 902 schools damaged or closed in 12 Governorates Girls’ school participation further reduced, high dropout rates Children recruited to support military goals, others trafficked Crisis has mainly affected rural children, female-headed households, IDPs and returnees 10

11 Shelter needs Majority of IDPs living in informal settlements that do not meet adequate living conditions, little or no privacy in informal settlements 69 out of 135 schools in Aden serving as temporary emergency shelter for 20,000 IDPs Thousands managing with plastic sheeting and make- shift accommodation, lacking sufficient mattresses and blankets in harsh weather conditions. 11

12 Protection needs Protection space more limited. The lack of necessary documentation results in limited access to basic needs and services Women and children increasingly exposed to violence, exploitation and neglect Lack of basic services such as electricity further exposes women, children and youth to exploitation 12

13 Asylum seekers Continuing influx of refugees and asylum seekers from Horn of Africa, 103,000 new arrivals during February 2012, an estimated 12,500 new arrivals (Ethiopians and Somalis). 16,000 Ethiopian migrants registered at the departure center in Haradh in

14 Humanitarian Outreach Humanitarian community providing assistance in nearly all conflict areas (UN, INGOs and NGOs). 60 international organizations, broad partnerships with local NGOs 14

15 Response Ongoing activities across the country, US$254 million received but requirements now up to about US$590 million for 11 clusters Partnerships with local organizations increased two-fold since November 2011 Abyan response plan formulated, critically important components include shelter, education, and protection Agencies working with Government on mine clearance in areas like Doafas, Zinjibar and Jaar Initiatives to address the issue of girls and women exposed to additional vulnerabilities including gender-based violence 15

16 Conclusion Increasing Humanitarian Needs in Yemen Broad range of support required, rapid interventions most critical Need support for increased cluster requirements: WASH up by 95 percent, Early Recovery - 87 percent, Education – 105 percent, Food – 45 percent Food, nutrition, health, water and sanitation, shelter, education, protection critically important Should address requirements of general vulnerable population as well as IDPs refugees, migrants and food insecure populations 16

17 17 Thank You شكراً


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