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Unit #3 – World War Two. Underlying Causes of WWII  1. The Treaty of Versailles  harsh terms imposed on Germany by the victorious Entente powers (including.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit #3 – World War Two. Underlying Causes of WWII  1. The Treaty of Versailles  harsh terms imposed on Germany by the victorious Entente powers (including."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit #3 – World War Two

2 Underlying Causes of WWII  1. The Treaty of Versailles  harsh terms imposed on Germany by the victorious Entente powers (including reparations, war guilt clause, loss of land and demilitarization), left Germany bitter and searching for a new leader to get them through the rough times.  Germany was in chaos – no strong government, citizens had no jobs, money or food  Hitler became the new leader “the right man at the right time”

3 Learning Goals:  I can identify and analyze the significance of the underlying causes that led to WWII.  I can identify the Steps that lead to war in Europe in  I can label the countries, territories and cities significant to WWII Europe.  I can identify the significant plans and policies of Adolf Hitler.

4 Underlying Causes of WWII 2. The emergence of new countries and boundaries  the treaty created new countries when old empires were dismantled  new boundaries meant that German speaking people now lived in parts of Poland, Czechoslovakia, The Rhineland and Austria  Germany (and Hitler in particular) claimed that these regions should be part of their country again and reunited under the ‘ Third Reich’

5 Underlying Causes of WWII

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7 3. Isolationism  after WWI, many countries including Canada and the United States, practiced a policy of isolation - no involvement in world affairs, and instead wanted to focus on problems at home (e.g. the Great Depression)  many countries were alarmed by the commitments that would result from Article X  knowing that the US would not immediately arrive to solve international conflicts, Hitler pursued an aggressive war strategy

8 Underlying Causes of WWII 4. Failure of the League of Nations  the goal of the organization was to maintain world peace  peace was maintained through a collective security system – Article X (if any member is attacked, the other members will come to her aid)  the League was essentially powerless given that the US was not a member  The other countries had no faith and didn’t believe in this system because they felt the US needed to play a significant role in it  the failure of the League to solve crises in Manchuria, Spain and Abyssinia was evidence of its ineffectiveness  these failures planted ‘seeds’ in Hitler’s mind that he could basically go unchallenged in Europe to fulfill his Third Reich goals

9 Underlying Causes of WWII Watch this!   **Complete the Steps to War worksheet Q#1, 2 and 3**  Complete the Steps to War worksheet Q#4

10 Underlying Causes of WWII 5. Appeasement (giving into the demands of Hitler to avoid another war)  many world leaders agreed that the terms of the T of V were too harsh  some people agreed with Hitler’s anti- Semitic policies in Canada and the US  Communism and Fascism were introduced and people/other countries feared the spread of these governing ways  world leaders including British Neville Chamberlain and Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King, believed Hitler when he repeatedly promised to stop invading countries  as a consequence, Hitler was able to invade: the Saar Valley, the Rhineland, Austria, the Sudetenland, and Czechoslovakia without retaliation

11 Underlying Causes of WWII 6. Dictatorships in Italy and Germany (based on Fascist ideology)  Adolf Hitler became the ruler of Germany  Benito Mussolini became the ruler of Italy  Francisco Franco became ruler in Spain  much of their power came from international fear of the spread of Communism (Hitler was blatantly anti-Communist)  world powers like Great Britain and the United States were more concerned with containing Communist threats

12 Underlying Causes of WWII 7. Hitler:  the Nazi party came to power in 1932 and Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933  he gained power by appealing to the German people’s need to blame someone for the problems caused by WWI – he used the Jews as scapegoats  Hitler promised to reunite all German speaking people and territories ( Anschluss ) under the Third Reich  he also promised to gain more living space ( Lebensraum ) for the German people

13 Steps to War Watch This!  Complete the Steps to War worksheet Q#4


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