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DARPA PI Meeting Santa Fe - January 2002 Wayne W. Manges Glenn O. Allgood Wireless Telemetry for Industrial Applications.

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Presentation on theme: "DARPA PI Meeting Santa Fe - January 2002 Wayne W. Manges Glenn O. Allgood Wireless Telemetry for Industrial Applications."— Presentation transcript:

1 DARPA PI Meeting Santa Fe - January 2002 Wayne W. Manges Glenn O. Allgood Wireless Telemetry for Industrial Applications

2 ORNL’s Wireless Program Focuses on Industrial Applications For Government Benefit n Dept. of Energy - Office of Industrial Technology, Sensors and Controls n CRADA partners - oil, Graviton, others n DOD - Navy and Navy contractor, others n Path Forward - smaller, faster, cheaper

3 Technology for the Future Industry-specific technologies Enabling (cross- cutting) technologies Support RD&D for 9 energy- intensive industries Agriculture Aluminum Glass Metalcasting Deliver Available Tools Technology for Today Mining Forest Products Chemicals Steel Petroleum Refining Industries of the Future Strategy

4 Sensors & Control Program Objective n Provide high-priority crosscutting technology solutions identified in IOF roadmaps, specifically in the areas of –Advanced sensor technologies »Chemical/physical measurements in demanding applications (harsh environments, high-speed, industrial robustness, miniaturization) –Improved information processing »Signal processing, imaging and displays, neural networks, modeling and simulation –Intelligent control systems »Smart control, sensor fusion, automation

5 We Accomplished What We Set Out To Do n Year 1 - Functional Description and Requirements - some surprises, several external requests n Year 2 - Architecture Specification, components - more external requests n Year 3 - Integrated systems and Demo - external requests and potential partners

6 Our Third Year Demo Showed Feasibility n Standards - IEEE 1451, Ethernet, 4-20ma n Communication - Direct Sequence, Spread Spectrum, CDMA RF n Robust feet in Bowater paper mill

7 Challenges in Wireless Technology Identified by National Research Council n Eliminating Interference - reliable communications n Developing Intelligent Wireless Sensors - reduced deployment cost n Developing Robust Architectures - for harsh environments n Developing Remote Power - long lasting and reliable n Developing Standardized Protocols - plug-and-play (without the plug)

8 Key Requirements Identified n Operate Unattended - Reduced cost of deployment and maintenance –self-configuring, –self starting, –self healing n Support Legacy Systems - Sensors and networks, open standards (1451) n Operate in Industrial Environment - temperature, dust, vibration

9 Demonstration in Bowater Plant Proved Performance n Robust - up to 140 feet in harsh environment n Standards ma standard pressure and temperature sensors, IEEE 1451 data structures, ethernet n Throughput - updates suitable for real-time displays n Low Power - 1/10000 power density of narrow band systems

10 n Standards - IEEE 1451, Ethernet, 4- 20ma n Communication - Direct Sequence, Spread Spectrum, CDMA RF n Robust feet in Bowater paper mill

11 Our Path is Clear 10 cm (4 inches) 3.3 mm (1/8 inch) Ground breaking work in: Wireless protocols Mixed Signal ASICS Low Power Designs

12 MULTI-CHANNEL INTEGRATED SPREAD-SPECTRUM TELESENSOR

13 SiGe Work Begun on This Project n AMS SiGe process has f T up to 30 GHz, adequate for 5.8 GHz systems n Two SiGe chips have been designed and submitted for fabrication –Individual devices for characterization and model verification –Several RF functional blocks needed for a 5.8 GHz bi-directional system

14 Critical Next Steps Awaiting Funding and Partnerships n Self-Powered - harvesting, helium ion- based batteries n Smaller Footprint, Improved Noise Immunity - SiGe ASICS n Reliability - error detection/correction n Embedded Intelligence - Sensor Agents

15 Wireless Program at ORNL Provides Significant Leverage n LDRDs - wireless microsensors, embedded wireless biosensor - n Commercial Supplier - wireless MEMS – n Oil Industry - robust architecture - n Navy - Power management for wireless sensors NASA - launch vehicle status -

16 Custom ASIC, Analog and Digital Circuit Design ‘98 ‘99 ‘00 ‘01 ‘98 ‘99 ‘00 ‘01 IEEE 1451 Sensor Bus Stds./Networking Custom RF System Design ‘99 ‘00 ‘01 ‘02 Information/Knowledge Enhancement ‘01 ‘02 ‘03 ‘04 IR Free Space Technology ‘99 ‘00 ‘01‘02 Mobile Ad-Hoc/Robust Protocols ‘00 ‘01‘02 THz Nanotechnology ‘03 ‘01 ‘02 ‘03‘04 Miniature Power Source Technologies PEM H2H2 Scavenged Power Source O2O2 Sensor Relay Home Office Airborne Relay Oak Ridge National Laboratory Oak Ridge National Laboratory Part of Large, Leveraged R&D Program

17 Our Project Highlighted in April 2000 Issue of Sensors Magazine Follow-up Article in April 2001 Stressed Wireless Sensor Issues

18 Special Section in August 2001 Issue Stressed Sensor Agents

19 What Is The Next Generation Sensor System? First Generation - Dumb Sensors data focus flat architecture no intelligence Second Generation - Smart Sensors application focus hierarchical architecture local intelligence Third Generation - Sensor Agents goal focus dynamic architecture network intelligence From data to information to knowledge!

20 The Future: The Sensor IS the Network

21 Next Generation Measurement System Architecture Present-day systems have fixed hierarchy Next generation network will self-organize in response to a gradient of measurement intensity Data Flow (bigger is more) Computing (bigger is more) Sensor Phenomenon Sensor + computing

22 Wireless Warrior High Cost Low Volume High Quality High Integrity National Defense Consumer Market High Quality High Volume Low Cost Low Integrity Wireless Intelligent Network Everybody Wins Government Labs Academia Industry High Quality Low Cost High Volume High Integrity Manufacturing/ Industrial Markets

23 The Government Can No Longer Afford to Be the Only Customer n State of the Art - Commercial vs Government use n Emerging Trends - Short term, Medium Term n Enablers and Disablers - Where help is needed to meet government needs


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