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CLASSICAL CHINA Zhou, Qin, and Han Dynasties and Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism in Chinese Society Zhou, Qin, and Han Dynasties and Confucianism, Daoism,

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Presentation on theme: "CLASSICAL CHINA Zhou, Qin, and Han Dynasties and Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism in Chinese Society Zhou, Qin, and Han Dynasties and Confucianism, Daoism,"— Presentation transcript:

1 CLASSICAL CHINA Zhou, Qin, and Han Dynasties and Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism in Chinese Society Zhou, Qin, and Han Dynasties and Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism in Chinese Society

2 Zhou Dynasty (Joh)  Longest dynasty in Chinese history  Leader claimed he ruled under the Mandate of Heaven  Patriarchal society  Filial piety was important  Traded silk

3  Traded with India and Mesopotamia but developed mostly in isolation  Contributions:  Rode horses  Developed very organized state  Pottery and bronze  Iron  Use of ideographic symbols Zhou Dynasty (continued)

4  Complex language and writing system 1,000 characters  Developed three major philosophies to explain the nature of humans and the universe  Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism Zhou Dynasty (continued)

5 CONFUCIANISM  Contemporary of Buddha  Upset by the violence and moral decay of his era  His teachings were recorded in the Analects  He was appointed as the Minister of Crime

6  Teachings of Confucious  Political and ethical, not spiritual  Social order was important  Leaders should set a good example  Government service should be open to all men of superior talent  Duty and humanity were central Confucianism (continued)

7 DAOISM  Based on ideas of Laozi  Teachings  Not concerned with the meaning of the universe  Sets forth proper forms of human behavior  Concerned with the natural order  The way to follow the will of Heaven is not through action but inaction by not interfering with the natural order Daoist Temple Daoist Ritual for the Dead

8 LEGALISM  Teachings  Human beings were evil by nature  A strong ruler was needed to create an orderly society  Only harsh laws and stiff punishments for bad behavior and rich rewards for good behavior would cause the common people to serve the interests of the ruler  Rulers should control ideas, as well as actions

9  Fall of the empire  Zhou rulers declined in quality  Several of the kingdom’s territories became powerful states that challenged the ruler  Civil war broke out Fall of the Empire

10 QIN (CH’IN) DYNASTY  Emerged after the civil war following the Zhou dynasty  Qin Shihuangdi was a powerful leader and the First Emperor  Created a single monetary system  Built roads throughout the empire  Aggressive in foreign affairs  Destroyed outside rival armies and interior resistance  Gave himself a title that had been used for gods

11 EMPEROR’S (OR TERRACOTTA) ARMY

12 The Great Wall

13  Political changes  Legalism was adopted as the regime’s ideology  People who opposed the regime were punished or executed  Created a highly centralized state Qin Crossbow QIN (CH’IN) DYNASTY

14  Fall of the Qin Dynasty  Qin was the only ruler  Contributing factors  Censorship  Harsh taxes  Forced labor projects  Followed by a period of civil war QIN (CH’IN) DYNASTY

15 HAN DYNASTY  Seen as a period of glory, unity, and peace  Discarded the harsh policies of the Qin  Renewal of learning  Chose officials based on merit, rather than by birth  Created a civil service exam  Expanded the empire  Silk Road linked China with Persia and other nations  Peaceful  Peasants suffered

16  Contributions of the Han dynasty  Iron casting technology, which led to invention of steel  Paper  Rudder  Fore-and-aft rigging  China gained exposure to Buddhism from travelers on the Silk Road Bronze mirror Bronze lamp that depicts a phoenix bird

17 Silk Road  Han encouraged trade along with Silk Road with the west  Improved roads encouraged trade  There was demand for silk in India, Mesopotamia, Islamic empire, and Mediterranean  Most trade was carried out by nomads  Provided initial framework for later global trading patterns

18  Fall of the empire  Nobles filled the gap  Leaders were corrupt  Raids continued in the north  Rebel armies sacked the Han capital  China plunged into civil war  The next dynasty didn’t come to power for 400 years Bronze lamp Model of funeral tomb Lavish Robe


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