The bulk of the people wanted an elected constituent assembly.
Three major political parties emerged all hoping to bring change: Marxist Social Democrats - (Bolsheviks and Mensheviks) wanting revolution. Social Revolutionary Party – opposed to the Tsar, supported by peasants. Constitutional Democratic Party (Kadets) – wanting the British system.
Lenin was single minded in his determination to introduce a modified form of Marxist communism.
Lenin was partially funded by the Germans and the Japanese who saw an advantage in Russia being embroiled in a revolution.
People’s despair at World War One was aimed at the Tsar.
1915 The Tsar left the Tsarina and by implication, Rasputin, in charge while he went to lead the troops.
1916: There were harsh conditions in Petrograd. Morale was low in the army causing desertions. Rasputin was assassinated. Abdication was openly discussed.
Trotsky was crucial in organising the Red Guard and promoting Communism to the people.
Lenin subsequently gained power because those in opposition to his ideas were disunited.