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The Development of Democracy in Ancient Greece. Monarchy Definition form of government in which ruling power is in the hands of one person.

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Presentation on theme: "The Development of Democracy in Ancient Greece. Monarchy Definition form of government in which ruling power is in the hands of one person."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Development of Democracy in Ancient Greece

2 Monarchy Definition form of government in which ruling power is in the hands of one person

3 Monarchy Etymology: monos (single) and arkhein (rule)

4 Monarchy Visual: King

5 Monarchy How was this form of government practiced in Ancient Greece? Mycenaeans paid taxes to their kings, obeyed their laws, and depended on them for protection. Most Mycenaean kings inherited their power.

6 Monarchy Why did this form of government decline in ancient Greece? Many Mycenaean kings lost power when they fought with rival monarchs over land and raw materials. Dorians also destroyed many Mycenaean kingdoms.

7 Oligarchy Definition form of government in which ruling power is in the hands of a few leaders.

8 Oligarchy Etymology: oligos (few) and arkhein (rule)

9 Oligarchy Visual: A few rulers

10 Oligarchy How was this form of government practiced in Ancient Greece? Political decisions were made by aristocrats and selected members of the middle class. Ordinary citizens had little say in how the city-state was run.

11 Oligarchy Why did this form of government decline in ancient Greece? Some oligarchs ruled harshly and their subjects rebelled. Other oligarchs lost the faith of their supporters because they could not solve key problems such as food shortages.

12 Tyranny Definition form of government in which ruling power is in the hands of a person who has seized control

13 Tyranny Etymology: Tyrannos (usurper with supreme power)

14 Tyranny Visual: mean ruler

15 Tyranny How was this form of government practiced in Ancient Greece? With support from the middle class, tyrants seized power to reform laws, help the poor, and cancel debts.

16 Tyranny Why did this form of government decline in ancient Greece? Some tyrants became harsh and greedy and were overthrown.

17 Democracy Definition form of government in which ruling power is in the hands of the people

18 Democracy Etymology: Demos (people) and kratos (power)

19 Democracy Visual: the people

20 Democracy How was this form of government practiced in Ancient Greece? Athens was the birthplace of democracy. All male citizens could participate in the Athenian government. The Assembly made laws, and its decisions, or decrees, were enforced by the Council of 500.

21 Tyranny Fidel Castro

22 Monarchy Queen Victoria

23 Democracy Canada's House of Commons

24 Oligarchy Saigō Takamori and Kido Takayoshi Of Japan


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