16 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Peninsulas & Waterways-Peninsula- area of land that is almost completely surrounded by water, except for a small portion connecting it to the mainlandStrait- narrow body of water connecting 2 larger bodies of water
17 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Suez Canal- artificial waterway between the Mediterranean Sea & the Red Sea
18 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Arabian Peninsula- very dry, sandy, & windyWadis- riverbeds that remain dry except for the rainy season.
19 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Water is the most important resource in this regionTigris & Euphrates river valleys supported several ancient societies
20 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Jordan River- provides a natural boundary for Israel & JordanFlows into the Dead Sea
21 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Dead Sea- landlocked salt lakeSo salty that only bacteria lives in itLowest place on the exposed surface of the earth.1349 feet below sea level
22 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Oil-Largest reserves in the world (1/2 of all known reserves)Most prominent resourceWater is still most valuable resource in SW Asia
23 Section 2- Climate & Vegetation Rub Al-Khali (the empty quarter)-Size of TexasOne of largest sandy deserts in worldSurface temps, can reach 150°10 years may pass w/out rain
24 Section 2- Climate & Vegetation Salt Flat- flat land made of chemical salts that remain after winds evaporate the moisture in the soilCommon in IranUsually uninhabited
26 Pamukkale is one of the extraordinary natural wonders of Turkey. The great attraction is the white immensity of the cliffs with sculptured basins full of water and congealed waterfalls; they seem done of snow, cloud, or cotton.
27 The scientific explanation is the hot thermal places that lie under the mount provoke the calcium carbonate spill, that makes the forms as solid as travertino marble.
28 One can bathe there; the Turks call this place PAMUKKALE, which means "Castle of Cotton".
29 It is a protecting landscape that fascinates, as the action of the mineral waters that contains calcium oxides left fantastic marks in the structures.
30 The resultant effect is spectacular: the waters spill on a series of steps, forming solid cascades and pools.
31 The cascades of calcium carbonate as well as the water itself changes colors in accordance with changes of the solar light that illuminates them, and the effect is breathtaking.
32 At times white, others blue, or green or other colors At times white, others blue, or green or other colors. The spectacle is amazing.
33 The continuous dynamics of the erosion and the transformation of the natural landscape result in an unusual environment.
34 PAMUKKALE is one of the most unique phenomena in nature.
35 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Fresh water supplies are available only in small amountsDams are very controversial in this region as they affect multiple countries at once.
36 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Water Conservation is a major priority in SW AsiaDrip Irrigation- practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground
37 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Desalinization- removal of salt from ocean waterVery expensiveCan’t meet all needs
38 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Fossil Water- water pumped from underground aquifersLittle chance of being refilled in this area because of little rainfall
39 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Petroleum- remains of plants & animals, formed from pressure & heat over millions of years.Oil is not in big pools under the ground, it is trapped in the pores of rocks.Taken out of ground by pressure
40 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Crude Oil- petroleum that has not been processedRefinery- converts crude oil into useful products like gasoline & kerosene
41 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Oil Spills are a risk when transporting oil in narrow straits or around reefsLargest in U.S. History is the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989