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Chapter 21- Southwest Asia Notes (Middle East) Harsh & Arid Lands.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 21- Southwest Asia Notes (Middle East) Harsh & Arid Lands."— Presentation transcript:


2 Chapter 21- Southwest Asia Notes (Middle East) Harsh & Arid Lands

3 Section 1- Landforms & Resources

4 Sulemaniye Mosque Turkey

5 Umayyad Mosque Damascus Syria

6 BeirutParliament Square in Beirut Lebanon

7 Dead Sea Salt Beds Dome of the Rock Negev Desert Tel Aviv Israel

8 King Abdullah II Abdullah Mosque Petra Amman Jordan One of the new 7 wonders of the world

9 Tigris River Bombing of Baghdad Saddam Hussein Iraq

10 Mecca Empty Quarter King Fahd Saudi Arabia

11 Tehran Shahid Motahari Mosque Iran

12 Sanaa Yemen

13 Sultan’s Palace Mosque Oman

14 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates

15 Museum Desert Doha Qatar

16 Kuwait City Oil wells on fire Water Towers Kuwait

17 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Peninsulas & Waterways- –Peninsula- area of land that is almost completely surrounded by water, except for a small portion connecting it to the mainland –Strait- narrow body of water connecting 2 larger bodies of water

18 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Suez Canal- artificial waterway between the Mediterranean Sea & the Red Sea

19 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Arabian Peninsula- very dry, sandy, & windy –Wadis- riverbeds that remain dry except for the rainy season.

20 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Water is the most important resource in this region –Tigris & Euphrates river valleys supported several ancient societies

21 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Jordan River- provides a natural boundary for Israel & Jordan –Flows into the Dead Sea

22 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Dead Sea- landlocked salt lake –So salty that only bacteria lives in it –Lowest place on the exposed surface of the earth feet below sea level

23 Section 1- Landforms & Resources Oil- –Largest reserves in the world (1/2 of all known reserves) –Most prominent resource –Water is still most valuable resource in SW Asia

24 Section 2- Climate & Vegetation Rub Al-Khali (the empty quarter)- –Size of Texas –One of largest sandy deserts in world –Surface temps, can reach 150° –10 years may pass w/out rain

25 Section 2- Climate & Vegetation Salt Flat- flat land made of chemical salts that remain after winds evaporate the moisture in the soil –Common in Iran –Usually uninhabited











36 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Fresh water supplies are available only in small amounts Dams are very controversial in this region as they affect multiple countries at once.

37 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Water Conservation is a major priority in SW Asia –Drip Irrigation- practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground

38 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction –Desalinization- removal of salt from ocean water Very expensive Can’t meet all needs

39 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction –Fossil Water- water pumped from underground aquifers –Little chance of being refilled in this area because of little rainfall

40 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Petroleum- remains of plants & animals, formed from pressure & heat over millions of years. –Oil is not in big pools under the ground, it is trapped in the pores of rocks. –Taken out of ground by pressure

41 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction Crude Oil- petroleum that has not been processed Refinery- converts crude oil into useful products like gasoline & kerosene

42 Section 3- Human- Environment Interaction Oil Spills are a risk when transporting oil in narrow straits or around reefs –Largest in U.S. History is the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989

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