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Chapter 21- Southwest Asia Notes (Middle East)

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 21- Southwest Asia Notes (Middle East)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 21- Southwest Asia Notes (Middle East)
Harsh & Arid Lands

2 Section 1- Landforms & Resources

3 Sulemaniye Mosque Turkey

4 Syria Damascus Umayyad Mosque

5 Parliament Square in Beirut Beirut

6 Tel Aviv Dead Sea Salt Beds Negev Desert Israel Dome of the Rock

7 Abdullah Mosque Amman King Abdullah II Petra Jordan
One of the new 7 wonders of the world King Abdullah II Petra

8 Iraq Saddam Hussein Bombing of Baghdad Tigris River

9 King Fahd Empty Quarter Saudi Arabia Mecca

10 Shahid Motahari Mosque
Iran Tehran                                                            Shahid Motahari Mosque

11 Sanaa Yemen

12 Mosque Oman Sultan’s Palace

13 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates

14 Museum Doha Qatar Desert

15 Kuwait Water Towers Kuwait City Oil wells on fire

16 Section 1- Landforms & Resources
Peninsulas & Waterways- Peninsula- area of land that is almost completely surrounded by water, except for a small portion connecting it to the mainland Strait- narrow body of water connecting 2 larger bodies of water

17 Section 1- Landforms & Resources
Suez Canal- artificial waterway between the Mediterranean Sea & the Red Sea

18 Section 1- Landforms & Resources
Arabian Peninsula- very dry, sandy, & windy Wadis- riverbeds that remain dry except for the rainy season.

19 Section 1- Landforms & Resources
Water is the most important resource in this region Tigris & Euphrates river valleys supported several ancient societies

20 Section 1- Landforms & Resources
Jordan River- provides a natural boundary for Israel & Jordan Flows into the Dead Sea

21 Section 1- Landforms & Resources
Dead Sea- landlocked salt lake So salty that only bacteria lives in it Lowest place on the exposed surface of the earth. 1349 feet below sea level

22 Section 1- Landforms & Resources
Oil- Largest reserves in the world (1/2 of all known reserves) Most prominent resource Water is still most valuable resource in SW Asia

23 Section 2- Climate & Vegetation
Rub Al-Khali (the empty quarter)- Size of Texas One of largest sandy deserts in world Surface temps, can reach 150° 10 years may pass w/out rain

24 Section 2- Climate & Vegetation
Salt Flat- flat land made of chemical salts that remain after winds evaporate the moisture in the soil Common in Iran Usually uninhabited


26 Pamukkale is one of the extraordinary natural wonders of Turkey.
The great attraction is the white immensity of the cliffs with sculptured basins full of water and congealed waterfalls; they seem done of snow, cloud, or cotton.

27 The scientific explanation is the hot thermal places that lie under the mount provoke the calcium carbonate spill, that makes the forms as solid as travertino marble.

28 One can bathe there; the Turks call this place PAMUKKALE, which means "Castle of Cotton".

29 It is a protecting landscape that fascinates, as the action of the mineral waters that contains calcium oxides left fantastic marks in the structures.

30 The resultant effect is spectacular: the waters spill on a series of steps, forming solid cascades and pools.

31 The cascades of calcium carbonate as well as the water itself changes colors in accordance with changes of the solar light that illuminates them, and the effect is breathtaking.

32 At times white, others blue, or green or other colors
At times white, others blue, or green or other colors. The spectacle is amazing.

33 The continuous dynamics of the erosion and the transformation of the natural landscape result in an unusual environment.

34 PAMUKKALE is one of the most unique phenomena in nature.

35 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
Fresh water supplies are available only in small amounts Dams are very controversial in this region as they affect multiple countries at once.

36 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
Water Conservation is a major priority in SW Asia Drip Irrigation- practice of using small pipes that slowly drip water just above ground

37 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
Desalinization- removal of salt from ocean water Very expensive Can’t meet all needs

38 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
Fossil Water- water pumped from underground aquifers Little chance of being refilled in this area because of little rainfall

39 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
Petroleum- remains of plants & animals, formed from pressure & heat over millions of years. Oil is not in big pools under the ground, it is trapped in the pores of rocks. Taken out of ground by pressure

40 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
Crude Oil- petroleum that has not been processed Refinery- converts crude oil into useful products like gasoline & kerosene

41 Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
Oil Spills are a risk when transporting oil in narrow straits or around reefs Largest in U.S. History is the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989

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