3Rebuilding China’s Empire – page 409 Han Dynasty ended A.D. 220about 300 years of warlordsSui Dynasty – reunited China under one emperor in A.D. 581Wendi general and emperor who founded the Sui DynastyYangdi – Grand Canal → helped economy – an organized way in which people produce sell and buy things (rebellion)
4The Tang Dynasty – page 411Tang Dynasty – in power from A.D. 618 to A.D. 907“period of brilliance”Changan – capitalheavy reforms – civil service exams, land reformsEmpress Wu – the only woman in Chinese history to rule a country on her own
5The Song Dynasty – page 411Song Dynasty – ruled from A.D. 960 to A.D. 1279great period of cultural achievement and prosperityReformed civil service examination
7Buddhism Spreads to China – page 413 harsh times → people looking for relief from sufferingBuddhism takes root with Tang supportLater, the Tang returned to ideas of Confucius to reduce the popularity of Buddhism in China.connections to the family (Buddhist monks not allowed to marry)
8New Confucian Ideas – page 414 neo-Confucianismthis life just as important as the nextcriticized Buddhism but actually picked up some Buddhist and Daoist beliefscrosses the line between an ethical belief system and a religion
9Scholar-Officials – page 414 civil service exams = a bureaucracy based on a merit systemfair?Students preparing for civil service examinations in China never did physical work.harsh study habits
13A Growing Economy – page 417 Tang provided stability = advancement in agriculturefarming improvementsirrigation improvementsimproved kinds of riceroads and waterways = trade growthtrade itemssilkporcelain – a material made of of clay and baked at high temperaturesteapapersteelpopulation boom
14New Inventions – page 418 coal and steel printing iron + coal = steel (Tang dynasty)steel used in weapons, stoves, farming equipment, drills, steel chains, nails, and sewing needlesprintingA.D. 600s – early attemptsPi Sheng – invented movable type for printingDiamond Sutra first printed book
15Other Chinese Inventions – page 420 gunpowderfire lancerudderssailscompassand much, much more
16Art and Literature – page 420 Chinese literature during the Tang dynasty often celebrated nature.Li Bo popular poet during the Tang dynasty.Duo Fu – poet who wrote about the suffering of the common peoplepainting in the Song dynastylandscapes with open spacesportrayal of ideascalligraphy – art of writing characters beautifully
17Chapter 12, Section 2 Questions Write the following questions and them answer them.What products were traded along the Silk Road?What product helped the Chinese improve weapons, farm equipment, and much more?What did Tang poetry often focus on?Which of the inventions mentioned in this chapter do you think is most important? Why?
18The Mongols in ChinaChapter 12, Section 3, page 423
19Objectives After this lesson, students will be able to: describe how Genghis Khan built the Mongol Empire, which stretched from the Pacific Ocean to the Caspian Sea.discuss how the Mongols conquered China and created a new dynasty that traded with the rest of China.
20The Mongols – page 424 Mongols steppes – the wide rolling grassy plains found in Asianomadic herders of sheep, goats, cattle, horsestribes – groups of families loosely joined together
21The Mongols – page 424The Mongols were known for their ability to ride horses and wage war.harsh surroundingsnomadic lifestyletribal warfareexperts with the bowPhoto: A Mongol warrior. Available from:
22Who Was Genghis Khan? – page 425 Temujin – rough childhoodunited Mongols and conquered vast amounts of territoryA.D – named Genghis Khan which means “strong ruler”military innovationsleaders chosen for their abilitiesdifferent way of waging war (terror – violence meant to scare people into surrendering)died 1227
23The Mongol Empire – page 426 The Mongol Empire was the largest continuous land empire in history.empire divided among his four sonsexpansion continuedPax Mongolicaspread of ideastrade – Silk Road revived
25Mongol Rule in China – page 428 Kublai Khangrandson of Genghis Khanfounded the Yuan dynasty (lasted about 100 years) in ChinachallengesMongol language and laws differentChinese resentment of outside rule (dominated by Mongol leaders)Marco Polo – famous European traveler to ChinaPhoto: Kublai Khan. Available from: Discovery Education
28Objectives After this lesson, students should be able to: explain how Ming rulers strengthened China’s government and established peace.describe how China sent fleets of ships to other parts of Asia as well as to East Africa.
29The Rise of the Ming – page 431 Yuan dynasty declinedZhu Yuanzhang founded the Ming dynastytook name Hong Wucruel and distrustfulson, Yong Lemoved capital to Beijinghad Forbidden City built
30How Did the Ming Reform China? – page 432 restored the civil service examcensus – a count of the number of people; taken to accurately collect taxesreforestationpaved roadsrebuilt infrastructureadvances in agriculture
31Chinese Culture – page 432novels – long fictional storiesdrama
32China Explores the World – page 433 Zheng He – a voyager during the Ming Dynastytraveled to India, Southwest Asia, and as far as East Africatrade flourishedConfucian conflicts → suspension of travels and closing of China off from the rest of the worldone exception Portugal made contact with China in 1514missionaries – Jesuitsexchange of ideas – clocks, scientific instruments, eyeglasses
33Why Did the Ming Fall? – page corruption rampantMing dynasty fell in 1644 to the Manchu dynasty