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THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION A New Era 1700-1900. The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England The Industrial.

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Presentation on theme: "THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION A New Era 1700-1900. The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England The Industrial."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION A New Era

2 The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England The Industrial Revolution, Revolution in England While you watch the video clip answer on your read-along… What where the 3 things England had that helped the start of the Industrial Revolution? While you watch the video clip answer on your read-along… What where the 3 things England had that helped the start of the Industrial Revolution?

3 Rich supply of iron and coal (lots of resources) Many viable sources of water (rivers, etc) Surrounding colonies were supplying them with raw materials.

4 New Ideas Seed Drill, 1701 Seed Drill, 1701 Eli Whitney 1793 Spinning Jenny 1770 Water Frame 1769 Spinning Mule 1779 – best of both worlds

5 Flying Shuttle vs. Loom Flying Shuttle Created by hand Created by Machine The Steam Powered Loom 1787

6 Individual controlled Flying shuttle Individual controlled Flying shuttle Machine controlled flying shuttle Machine controlled flying shuttle

7 1. What issues arise with the invention of the hand made flying shuttle? (pros and cons) 2. Because we are going to be producing goods faster what two things will we need more of?

8 Issues: Issues: Pros:Cons: Cheap labor Child labor New jobs Crime Boosted profit Uneven distribution of wealth What we need: Workers and resources

9 Capitalism- economic system where anyone can start their own business for the hopes to gain profit Entrepreneur- an owner or manager of a business enterprise who, by risk and initiative, attempts to make profits

10 3. Would an entrepreneur/capitalist be interested in textile factories? Why or why not? Actual textile factory February 2012 Peru Drawing during the Industrial Revolution 1764 England

11 If you were the owner of a new booming factory in the 1700’s what would your decisions be on the following? Who would you hire? Why? Who would you hire? Why? What would you pay your workers and why? What would you pay your workers and why? What would you do if your factory yielded a 200% return? What would you do if your factory yielded a 200% return?

12 Turning point in history Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution While you watch the video clip… Give examples of the living and working conditions in a booming town.

13 Living conditions Working conditions Overly populated -densely populated Overly populated -densely populated no sanitary codes or building control no sanitary codes or building control Lack of adequate housing, education, and police protection Lack of adequate housing, education, and police protection Lack of running water and indoor plumbing Lack of running water and indoor plumbing Frequent epidemics sweep through the slums Frequent epidemics sweep through the slums Workers trying to keep pace with machine Workers trying to keep pace with machine Factories dirty and unsanitary Factories dirty and unsanitary Workers running dangerous machines for long hours ( avg.) Workers running dangerous machines for long hours ( avg.) Harsh and severe punishments Harsh and severe punishments

14 How would these conditions impact the social and economic future of the town?

15 Economic and Social New inventions & the development of factories Increased production & higher demand Growth of worldwide trade Population explosion & large labor force Highly developed banking and investments system Advancement in transportation, agriculture & communication Long hours worked by children (cheap labor) Discrimination Increase in population in cities Inadequate housing and poor sanitary conditions Loss of family stability Expansion of middle class Harsh conditions for laborers Creation of new jobs

16 4. Explain how transportation would be an important issue as factories were built and products manufactured.

17 STEAM ENGINE James Watt 1765 STEAM POWERED LOCOMOTIVE 1801 STEAM POWERED LOCOMOTIVE 1801 The Rocket first passenger locomotive

18 Robert Fulton – Steam Boat, 1807

19 5. How is the steam engine going to impact Great Britain socially and economically? 6. What are going to be a few LONG TERM effects of the Industrial Revolution?

20 Social and economic effects More and new jobs More mobile Fast communication Struggle between rich and poor War Over-crowded and not enough jobs Imperialism- gaining indirect control over the political or economic life of other areas Long term effects Industrialized nation had world wide power Imperialism Cheaper items Higher quality items The need for government involvement to protect consumers (new laws) Public transportation

21 COKE SMELTING The steam engine needed fuel and lumber was in short supply- coal will become the new fuel The steam engine needed fuel and lumber was in short supply- coal will become the new fuel 5. Why?

22 1. In was in abundant supply 2. Cheap 3. Burns longer- more efficient

23 Questions 1.With a partner define the word free enterprise.

24 6. Explain how free enterprise had an impact the industrial revolution?

25 What is an innovation? What is an innovation? Name some innovations that were a direct result of the Industrial Revolution. Name some innovations that were a direct result of the Industrial Revolution.

26 Innovations Electric Generators Electric Generators Batteries Batteries Photographs Photographs Telegraph Telegraph Sewing Machine Sewing Machine Dynamite Dynamite CARS!!! CARS!!! Light bulbs Light bulbs Typewriter Typewriter

27 PICTURES OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

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37 The textile manufacturing will enter the United States in the 19 th century (1800’s) how will it be impacted socially and economically? The textile manufacturing will enter the United States in the 19 th century (1800’s) how will it be impacted socially and economically? 1836 one of the first weaving factories in the U.S.

38 ANSWER A major shift from agriculture to industry, more jobs, more profit, more trade, more city life, war (want freedom from mother country), imperialism by England Bad working conditions? Exploited labor? Discrimination?


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