1920’s - ISOLATION Treaty of Versailles USA never signed Treaty! (Harsh conditions for Germany!)
1920’s - ISOLATION League of Nations USA never joined – no more “entanglements” in other countries’ problems (Harsh conditions for Germany!)
1920’s - ISOLATION Kellogg Briand Pact Outlawed War! -idealistic -no way to enforce!
1920’s - ISOLATION Naval Disarmament Conferences Washington, DC – limit battleships London – limit cruisers and destroyers
1930’s - NEUTRALITY Nye Committee Investigated why USA was drawn into WW I? -bankers and arms dealers for $? “Merchants of Death”!
1930’s - NEUTRALITY Good Neighbor Policy USA non-intervention in Latin America Multi-lateral interpretation of Monroe Doctrine…include LA opinions less control by USA!
1930’s - NEUTRALITY Neutrality Acts No arms sales or loans to nations at war or nations involved in civil war!!!
1930’s - NEUTRALITY FDR’s Quarantine Speech Peaceful nations (90%) should quarantine aggressor nations (10%) to prevent spread of their control. Not well received by some!!!
1930’s - NEUTRALITY “Cash and Carry” Nations must pay cash and provide transportation for items purchased in USA - don’t repeat situation that led US into WW I (unrestricted submarine warfare against non-military ships)
1940’s - INTERVENTION Destroyers for Naval Bases Deal USA would provide Britain with 50 “overage” destroyers in return for the right to build naval bases on British territories in Western Hemisphere.
1940’s - INTERVENTION Lend –Lease Act President of USA can lend or lease equipment to any nation whose defense is considered vital to the defense of the USA.
1940’s - INTERVENTION “Arsenal of Democracy” Term used to describe importance of US industrial production -USA was valuable supplier to democratic nations at war
1940’s - INTERVENTION Atlantic Charter FDR and Churchill meet in Aug. 1941 aboard USS Augusta -Pledged goals for a post war world: -Collective security -Disarmament -Self-determination -Economic cooperation -Freedom of the seas
1940’s - INTERVENTION “Four Freedoms” FDR’s 1941 State of the Union speech Freedom of speech and expression Freedom of worship Freedom from want Freedom from fear FDR SPEECH http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5iHKtrirjlY&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5iHKtrirjlY&feature=related
American Illustrator, Norman Rockwell’s FOUR FREEDOMS Saturday Evening Post Magazine Covers
A date which will live in infamy! Pearl Harbor – Dec. 7, 1941