2 Amos and his harsh message He is from Judah but was called to preach to IsraelAmos is angered by Israel’s disregard for God’s lawIsrael has become like other nations: wealth is in the hands of a few, justice has been corrupted, and poor people are oppressed.
3 The Lion of God Is known as the prophet who roars like a lion Because his message is harsh, blunt, and angryCriticizes harshly the worshipers’ rich attireCompares the rich women of Samaria to fat cattleBecause they eat lamb, drink wine, and anoint their skins with expensive perfumes at the expense of the poorCondemns the unjust and their exploitative actions toward the poor and weak and tells them that God will punish them for that
4 Empty worshipAmos says that the Lord dislikes and abominates processions, sacrifices, and hymn singing that do not come from sincere hearts.
5 Visions Locusts eating the crops Fire ravages the land The crooked wallIsrael is being destroyed by the people’s sinsIsrael is helpless to survive the fate it has brought upon itselfGod measured a crooked wall with a plumb line about to collapseAmos pleads for Israel to GodGod responds that Israel has chosen evil and he will leave it to its own destruction
6 Hosea: God as a betrayed Husband Hosea is from the North and preaches in the North: IsraelHis story begins with his unhappy marriageHe is married to GomerHe loves herGomer deserted Hosea for other loversHosea uses his own experience of betrayal to criticize the unfaithful Israel
7 BetrayalWhen Hosea speaks of himself and Gomer, he is telling Israel a parable of its own betrayal of GodHosea loves Gomer as God loves IsraelGomer deserted Hosea for other lovers as Israel has deserted God for the Canaanite god Baal
8 3 children= 3 messagesHosea and Gomer have three children to whom Hosea is told to give strange namesThe names are symbolic of how God regards the children of the Covenant with IsraelJezreel (boy) meaning shameful butcheryImplying that God will punish and destroy IsraelLoruhamah (girl) meaning not pitiedGod will no longer have pity or forgive Israel for their mistakesLoammi (boy) meaning not my peopleGod rejects the Israelites as God’s chosen people.
9 The Punishment of Gomer Hosea takes Gomer to court where he testifies to her unfaithfulness and ingratitudeHe is angry and his plans for her are harshHe gave her everything he had: grain, wine, oil, silver, and goldHosea will take those gifts awayShe has given some of these away to her loversHe will punish her and take away everything until she returns to him
10 ReconciliationLike Hosea desires to be reunited so does God with the IsraelitesGod will punish them until they repent and come back to GodPunishment in the form of penance for their sinsGod will not wipe out the Israelites even though they deserve itHosea is the first book to feature the relationship between God and Israel as a marriage and uses the language and images of marriageTo God, infidelity in Israel’s behavior means betrayal of justice, compassion, integrity, and true worship
11 The first ConquerorsRegardless of the warnings by the Prophets, the Israelites did not listen and were conquered by the Assyrian empire.The Assyrian emperor forced the many of the Israelites into exileThe Assyrian became the new leaders in the Northern kingdom and within sometime, began to intermarry with the Israelites that were allowed to stay in Israel.Some of the people of Israel sought refuge in the Judah, Southern Kingdom, hoping that their brothers/sisters in faith might welcome them and understand them.