Profile of Social Withdrawal Social goals and roles –Avoid conflict vs. Gain access of objects –Seek attention vs. Elicit action –Submissive roles vs. Dominant roles –Follow orders vs. Issue commands –No compliance vs. Active compliance –Low cost vs. High cost –No cognitive deficit –Difficulty in enacting social strategies
Profile of Aggressive Children Social Goal –Instrumental (relational) Intent attribution –Hostile (benign) Response Repertoire –Aggression (more choices) Outcome expectation –Positive (negative) Self-efficacy Easy (hard)
Different Withdrawal Playing Alone (Unsociable) –Object play –Low approach and low avoidance Acting Alone (Active Isolate) –Dramatizing sensori-motor actions –Immature and impulsive –High Approach but lack social skills Being Alone (Passive Anxious) –Fearful and anxious –Approach avoidance conflict
Emotionality Dispositional characteristics determining the Quality and Intensity of emotional arousal and Self Regulatory Controls of such arousal.
Emotional Regulation Inhibitory Control Attentional Control Emotional Status Quality positive vs. negative Reactivity Intense vs. Calm Approach Inhibitory Calm Avoidance Attentional Control Positive Intense Lack Control Negative
Parental Beliefs and Attitudes Regarding Making Friends Sharing Possessions Leading and Influencing Others
2. Why does your child succeed or fail in these skills? A. External and Parental: Because he can learn B. Internal and Child: Because that is the way he is. 3. How do you help your child learn these skills? A. Coaching and role modeling B. Power assertive strategies 1. How important is to acquire the above skills? A. Yes, it is important B. No, it is not important Social competent behaviors
Parents of Withdrawn Children Behavior –Over protective or coercive parenting Belief –Internal attribution of behavior problems Affect –Guilt, disappointment, anger
Parents of Aggressive Children Behavior –Laissez-faire, coercive, or inconsistent parenting Belief –External attribution of behavior problems Affect –Anger or low emotion
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