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HOW TO SPEAK AND WRITE LIKE A SCHOLAR Formal Language.

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Presentation on theme: "HOW TO SPEAK AND WRITE LIKE A SCHOLAR Formal Language."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOW TO SPEAK AND WRITE LIKE A SCHOLAR Formal Language

2 What is formal language? Formal language is using Standard English in its most precise form.  It should be used in all academic and professional writing

3 Rules for Formal Writing Leave out “YOU” NO ANNOUNCEMENTS!...(This paper is about….I hope you have enjoyed my paper.) Slang (cuz/all the sudden/nite/lite/bc) NO abbreviations (even write out numbers of less than 100) No contractions (Instead of writing don’t, write do not) NO cute signs for the word “and”

4 Rules for Formal Writing Avoid Clichés - A cliché is an analogy characterized by its overuse. It may be true (“fat as a pig”)…or no longer true (“work like a dog”)  Examples:  Music to my ears  From the horses mouth  Change of heart  Caught red-handed  Sick as a parrot  To get cold feet  It never rains on a golf course  Bug off

5 Dead Words The following words are informal. Do not use them.  a lot / a bunch / lots  Stuff  Kind of / sort of  Til  ‘cause /cuz  Got  Ok / okay  Etc.  Mess (including mess up and mess around)  cool  All slang words and idioms (Idioms are expressions with meanings not predictable based on literal word definitions)

6 Dead Words The following words are too general. Use more specific words instead.  Thing / things  Really  Very  Pretty (as in “pretty good)  Nice  Good  Is / was

7 Dead Words The following phrases are redundant. Leave them out.  In this paragraph, I am going to …  This paragraph is about …  In my opinion …  To me …  The reason why is because …  Being that …  Due to the fact that …

8 Dead Words The following are “Fluffy” fillers. Do not use them.  Well …  The End  Like (as in “I was like in disbelief.”)  Rhetorical questions

9 Additional Information Take a chance on bigger (multisyllabic) words. Misspellings are acceptable. Write and think like a scholar. Think of yourself as communicating with educators and professionals, not your friends. Be specific with details. Create mental images with your words. Use action verbs. They are more exact.  Ex. General – The weather was amazing. Specific - The sunshine warmed our bodies and our hearts. HAVE CONFIDENCE IN YOUR IDEAS; THEY ARE WORTHWHILE!


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