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How to speak and write like a scholar

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Presentation on theme: "How to speak and write like a scholar"— Presentation transcript:

1 How to speak and write like a scholar
Formal Language How to speak and write like a scholar

2 What is formal language?
Formal language is using Standard English in its most precise form. It should be used in all academic and professional writing

3 Rules for Formal Writing
Leave out “YOU” NO ANNOUNCEMENTS!...(This paper is about….I hope you have enjoyed my paper.) Slang (cuz/all the sudden/nite/lite/bc) NO abbreviations (even write out numbers of less than 100) No contractions (Instead of writing don’t, write do not) NO cute signs for the word “and”

4 Rules for Formal Writing
Avoid Clichés - A cliché is an analogy characterized by its overuse. It may be true (“fat as a pig”)…or no longer true (“work like a dog”) Examples: Music to my ears From the horses mouth Change of heart Caught red-handed Sick as a parrot To get cold feet It never rains on a golf course Bug off

5 Dead Words The following words are informal. Do not use them.
a lot / a bunch / lots Stuff Kind of / sort of Til ‘cause /cuz Got Ok / okay Etc. Mess (including mess up and mess around) cool All slang words and idioms (Idioms are expressions with meanings not predictable based on literal word definitions)

6 Dead Words The following words are too general. Use more specific words instead. Thing / things Really Very Pretty (as in “pretty good) Nice Good Is / was

7 Dead Words The following phrases are redundant. Leave them out.
In this paragraph, I am going to … This paragraph is about … In my opinion … To me … The reason why is because … Being that … Due to the fact that …

8 Dead Words The following are “Fluffy” fillers. Do not use them. Well …
The End Like (as in “I was like in disbelief.”) Rhetorical questions

9 Additional Information
Take a chance on bigger (multisyllabic) words. Misspellings are acceptable. Write and think like a scholar. Think of yourself as communicating with educators and professionals, not your friends. Be specific with details. Create mental images with your words. Use action verbs. They are more exact. Ex. General – The weather was amazing. Specific - The sunshine warmed our bodies and our hearts. HAVE CONFIDENCE IN YOUR IDEAS; THEY ARE WORTHWHILE!

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