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Topic 10 2 Corinthians A.Authenticity of 2 Cor. 1.Undisputed. 2.Except isolated verses – 6:14-7:1. a.Interrupts context. b.Language uncharacteristic of.

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Presentation on theme: "Topic 10 2 Corinthians A.Authenticity of 2 Cor. 1.Undisputed. 2.Except isolated verses – 6:14-7:1. a.Interrupts context. b.Language uncharacteristic of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Topic 10 2 Corinthians A.Authenticity of 2 Cor. 1.Undisputed. 2.Except isolated verses – 6:14-7:1. a.Interrupts context. b.Language uncharacteristic of Paul. c.May be later interpolation. d.Some think 6:14-7:1 may be fragment of “Previous Letter” mentioned in 1 Cor. 5:9.

2 B.Unity – Most treat as “composite” of 2-5 letters. 1.Two-letter partition theory a.ch = “Harsh letter.” 1)Severe, stern tone; crisis is at its height. 2)May be the “letter of tears” mentioned in 2:3-4; 7:8. b.ch. 1-9 = “Conciliatory letter.” 1)Mild, conciliatory tone; crisis is resolved. 2)Refers back to severe “letter of tears” (2:3-4; 7:8). 3)If ch is the “letter of tears,” it precedes ch Five-letter theory – additional problems within ch a.2:14-6:13; 7:2-4=“Apologia” b.ch =“Harsh letter” c.1:1-2:13; 7:5-16=“Conciliatory letter” d.ch. 8=“Collection letter 1” e.ch. 9=“Collection letter 2” (6:14-7:1 is non-Pauline interpolation.) 3.Conclusion: Counting 1 Cor. and “Previous Letter,” Paul wrote 4-7 letters and made a “painful visit” to this troubled church. “Painful Visit”

3 C.Date and place of writing 1.“Harsh letter” from Ephesus; 3 rd Journey; c “Conciliatory letter” from Macedonia (2:13; 7:5). D.Occasion – Situation got worse after 1 Cor. 1.Outside agitators (“Super-apostles”) undermining Paul’s ministry. a.Jewish Christian missionaries (11:4) – message unclear (Judaizers? Gnostics?). b.Claimed superiority – had “letters of recommendation” (3:1). 1)Boasted of Hebrew heritage (11:22); superior knowledge and rhetoric (10:10; 11:6); visions, signs, wonders (12:1, 12). 2)Paul sarcastically calls them “Super-apostles” (11:5; 12:11); really thinks they are “false apostles” (11:13). c.Criticized Paul as weak, unimpressive, deceitful (1:17; 10:1, 10; 11:6, 7-9; 12:12, 16-18). 2.“Painful visit” resulted in humiliation (2:1; 13:1) – retreated and wrote “letter of tears” (2:3-4; 7:8). Who's the Phony?

4 E.Content of 2 Corinthians ch “Harsh letter” 1)May be “letter of tears” referred to in 2:3-4; 7:8. 2)“Fool’s speech” (11:1-12:13) – sarcastic boasting match. a)He can match boasts of Super-apostles. b)His real boast is in things which show his weakness – his suffering for the gospel (11:20-30). c)Relates a mystical vision experience (12:1-4). d)Balanced by his “thorn in the flesh” (12:7-10). i)Physical ailment: malaria, epilepsy, eye disease, etc. ii)Spiritual testing: temptations; persecution; opponents; etc. e)Our weakness allows God’s sustaining grace and power to be seen (12:9-10). 3)At issue is appropriate model of ministry: a)Opponents’ theology of glory: emphasizes power, eloquence, authoritarian control, demand for payment – ministry of lording it over the flock. b)Paul’s theology of Cross: emphasizes weakness and suffering for gospel, forgoing payment – ministry of servanthood, sharing lives of flock, suffering with/for the flock, persuading rather than demanding, leading by example. (cf. 1:24; 4:5; Mk. 10:42-44) 4)Closes with warning about third visit; hopes not to have to bring his “ugly stick” (12:14-13:10).

5 ch “Harsh letter” – cont. 5)Sent “Harsh letter” along with Titus as personal envoy. a)Planned to meet Titus in Troas, but Titus was late. b)Rendezvoused in Macedonia – Titus brought good news of reconciliation (2:12-13; 7:5-16). c)Wrote “Conciliatory letter” putting whole affair in perspective. Map

6 ch. 1-9“Conciliatory letter” 1)Thanksgiving/blessing (1:3-7) a)Uses “comfort” (RSV) 10x in 5 verses (NRSV: “console/ consolation”). b)Relief that crisis is resolved. 2)Reflections on the “painful visit” and “letter of tears” (1:12- 2:11) – wrote out of love; forgives the one who wronged him. 3)Story of Titus and good news of reconciliation (2:12-13; 7:5-16) 4)Defense of Paul’s ministry (2:14-3:6) a)Not mere “peddlers of the word” (v. 17). b)Corinthians themselves are all the “letters of recommendation” he needs (v. 1-2). 5)Contrast of Old and New Covenants (3:7-18) a)Old Covenant: chiseled in stone; ministry of condemnation; letter kills; fading glory; now set aside. b)New Covenant: written in Spirit on heart; ministry of justification; Spirit gives life; surpassing glory; permanent. 6)Paul’s integrity in ministry (4:1-6) a)No deceit or falsification of God’s word. b)Does not preach himself but Jesus as Lord and “ourselves as your slaves for Jesus sake.”

7 ch. 1-9“Conciliatory letter” – cont. 7)Treasure in clay jars (4:7-15) a)Minister is like treasure buried in clay jars. b)Outwardly, fragile, broken, suffering – inwardly, sustained by power of God. c)Weak vessel lets God get credit rather than minister. d)God who brings life out of death works through our weakness to bring life to those to whom we minister. 8)Present suffering and future glory (4:16-5:10) a)Present suffering identifies with death of Christ (v. 10). b)Future glory is not yet seen. c)In present “we walk by faith, not by sight” (v. 7). 9)Ministry of reconciliation (5:11-21) a)Christ “died for all; therefore all have died” (v. 14). b)“Those who live no longer live for themselves, but for him who died and was raised for them” (v. 15). c)For those “in Christ,” there is a “new Creation;” Christ reverses world’s fall into sin; makes everything new (v. 17). d)God was at work in Christ reconciling world to himself; the reconciled become agents of reconciliation (v ). e)Christ became as we are so that we might become as he is (v. 21).

8 ch. 1-9“Conciliatory letter” – cont. 10) Collection for Jerusalem (ch. 8-9) a)Deals not with stewardship in general, but specifically with Paul’s collection for Jerusalem. b)May represent two different letters: i)Macedonia is example for Achaia (8:1-4). ii)Achaia is example for Macedonia (9:2). c)Some principles for giving: i)“Though he was rich, yet for your sakes he became poor” (8:9) – incarnational theology. ii)“If the eagerness is there, the gift is acceptable according to what one has” (8:12; cf. Mk. 12:41-44). iii)“Not reluctantly or under compulsion, for God loves a cheerful giver” (9:7).

9 Rev. Megapreacher


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