Presentation on theme: "Objective: Analyze Truman’s labor policy for America."— Presentation transcript:
Objective: Analyze Truman’s labor policy for America
Background 1945 WWII ended 12 million soldiers returned from war Pair share – what effect would a large number of people have on the economy (good and bad) of the US Look for jobs, homes, financial security (money to live) Americans were tired of suffering through rations
Background African Americans served in war next white soldiers Gained respect on battle field Came home to segregation Wanted equality like in battle Pair share – How can race relations change the economy?
Truman Policy Called for 21 major changes to labor force Sept 6, Vision for Postwar America Minimum wage Guaranteed employment Medical insurance Housing aid Improved benefits for war veterans Wage and price controls
Truman Policy - Fair Deal Continued to push New Deal programs – Taft Hartley Act Support unions as long as they don’t harm working nation (steel, railroads, coal) Draft workers as soldiers and force them to work Created the Fair deal Pro-labor Economic controls Social security Medical provisions
Fair Deal changes Federal agencies to provide minor medical and dental services to employees (1945) Social Security Act was amended (1950) to provide a new category of state aid to the totally and permanently disabled. Child labor was finally prohibited through an amendment to the Fair Labor Standards Act(1949). National School Lunch and Milk Act (1946) Funds were provided for slum clearance and urban renewal
Truman Policy - Opposition Republicans & some democrats saw it as unnecessary giveaways Pair share – How could these “giveaways” effect Business owners Workers? Workers – want pay increase Business owners – want profits
Truman Policy - Opposition 1946 – 5,000 strikes Ran out of basic goods Meat, bread Washing machines, cars Some went to African Americans store Others went with out
Truman Policy - Complaints Taft-Hartley Act – Government monitors the activity of labor unions Labor unions walked off the job Military had to force them back on the job Pair share – What effect would labor unions have on America? Should the President step into force labor back to work
African Americans Knew that African-Am represented large voting block & constitution gave equal rights to all Ordered investigation into race relations Desegregate the military in ’47 Split his party States Rights’ Democratic Party Pair share - What is the goal and where are these democrats located?
African Americans – Truman Speech to NAACP “Every man should have the right to a decent home, the right to an education, the right to adequate medical care, the right to a worthwhile job, the right to an equal share in the making of public decisions through the ballot, and the right to a fair trial in a fair court.” Went against his party to end racial segregation
Another War 1950 Korean War Wanted to rally Americans behind new War Didn’t take control of economy like WWII People weren’t willing to sacrifice Congress ended Truman’s war taxes Strikes continued
Result People continued to strike 1952 Steel strike Truman tried to take control of company Court said he couldn’t take control of businesses Had to justify by Taft Hartley Act to delay strike Refused to use it cause he didn’t like it Truman lost control of Economy