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System Implementation and Monitoring Regional Session Winter, 2015 Resources are available at sim.abel.yorku.ca

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Tasks in Mathematics Classrooms Sharing of Implementation Steps and Monitoring Actions in Like-Role Groups Welcome and Agenda Morning Afternoon

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TWEET WITH US #WINTERSIM #SIMK12 @ LNSSIM

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Determine where you might be in Ontario given the information in the chart below. Think on your own for 5 minutes. CityDistance as bird flies (km) Driving Distance (km) Windsor454763 Toronto398540 Ottawa549647 Thunder Bay544902 Niagara Falls463653 North Bay245289

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CityDistance as bird flies (km) Driving Distance (km) Windsor 454763 Toronto 398540 Ottawa 549647 Thunder Bay 544902 Niagara Falls 463653 North Bay 245289 Determine where you might be in Ontario given the information in the chart below. Think on your own for 5 minutes.

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This is an example of a contextual mathematics task.

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Best Evidence Synthesis on Effective Pedagogy in Mathematics Effective mathematical pedagogy is a coherent system rather than a set of discrete, interchangeable strategies. This pedagogical system encompasses: A non-threatening classroom environment Instructional tasks Tools and representations Classroom discourse Effective Pedagogy in Mathematics/Pangarau by Glenda Anthony & Margaret Walshaw, New Zealand (2007)

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Quality Instruction in a Math Class You have a representative sample of your thinking about quality instruction in mathematics grouped according to the four components of an effective pedagogical system in mathematics. Review and discuss any observations that you have.

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The Learner Discuss at your tables what the student would demonstrate if there is quality instruction. What is the image of the mathematics learner that emerges if the four components of the pedagogical system are evident?

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The learning of mathematics has been defined to include the development of five interrelated proficiencies that, together, constitute mathematical proficiency (NRC 2001): Conceptual understanding Procedural fluency Strategic competence Adaptive reasoning Productive disposition Effective Teaching and Learning

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Posing Worthwhile Mathematical Tasks “It is through tasks that the curriculum and the discipline of mathematics comes alive. Starting with students’ prior knowledge and then creating rich, mathematical tasks, teachers help students to proceed gradually from their informal knowledge of the ideas in the domain to more formal notions.” (Romberg and Kaput, 1999)

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Posing Worthwhile Mathematical Tasks “Tasks should be created or selected that have the potential to encourage students to wonder why things are, to inquire, to search for solutions and to resolve incongruities”. (Hiebert et al. 1996)

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Insert video of Lucy West here.

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Rich Tasks What is also apparent to me is that much of what it takes to make a rich task “rich” is the environment in which it is presented, which includes the support and questioning that is used by the teacher and the roles the learners are encouraged to adopt. That is, an environment in which learners are not passive recipients of knowledge, accepting what is given, but independent assertive constructors of their own understanding, who challenge and reflect. On its own a rich task is not rich – it is only what is made of it that allows it to fulfil its potential. Jennifer Piggott http://nrich.maths.org/5662http://nrich.maths.org/5662

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“On its own a rich task is not rich – it is only what is made of it that allows it to fulfil its potential”. Jennifer Piggott http://nrich.maths.org/5662 http://nrich.maths.org/5662

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Time for Chocolate!

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Chocolate Bar Task This is an example of a purposeful representative task These tasks are usually not “contextualized”, however there is sometimes a hook to engage students While the mathematics may be explicit, extensive exposition by the teacher is not necessary as the provision of the model or representation enables the students to generate the mathematical ideas and justification. The model, representation, or tool is ideally closely linked to the mathematical concept being developed, in order to be effective.

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Purposeful representative tasks Contextual tasks Content- specific tasks Practice and consolidation tasks In studies of mathematics tasks, four general types have been identified: Types of Mathematics Tasks

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Content-Specific Task If the perimeter of a rectangle is 64 m what might be the area? Purposeful representative tasks Contextual tasks Content- specific tasks Practice and consolidation tasks

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Content-Specific Task Purposeful representative tasks Contextual tasks Content- specific tasks Practice and consolidation tasks Often an open task Although, the student needs specific content knowledge to solve Involves investigating, creating, communicating, generalizing and coming to know procedures

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DOG PEN

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Practice and Consolidation Tasks Factor the expression x + 5x + 6 = 0 Find the value of ½ + ¾ Purposeful representative tasks Contextual tasks Content- specific tasks Practice and consolidation tasks 2 Are an important part of a balanced mathematics program Provide students with opportunities to solidify mathematical concepts and procedures Provide independent practice

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Strategic competence Adaptive reasoning Purposeful Representative. How Tasks Contribute To Students’ Mathematical Proficiency Mathematical Fluency Contextual Content-specific Strategic competence Adaptive reasoning It is understood that there can be overlap of proficiencies across various tasks. These are the main ones that are developed. P. Sullivan et al. Teaching with Tasks for Effective Mathematics Learning. Conceptual Understanding Type of Task Mathematical Proficiency

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Strategic competence Adaptive reasoning Purposeful Representative. How Tasks Contribute To Students’ Mathematical Proficiency Mathematical Fluency Contextual Content-specific Strategic competence Adaptive reasoning It is understood that there can be overlap of proficiencies across various tasks. These are the main ones that are developed. P. Sullivan et al. Teaching with Tasks for Effective Mathematics Learning. Conceptual Understanding Type of Task Mathematical Proficiency

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This is one way to monitor the effectiveness of the mathematics teaching and learning in your system It is one component of the pedagogical system; however as many researchers have argued it is a critical element Even though looking at tasks without student thinking and/or work has limitations, it does give us a window into the mathematics that students experience in our classrooms

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Conversation Tool for Reflection on Mathematical Tasks

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Each grade group will collaboratively discuss a selection of mathematical tasks. The Conversation tool has been designed as a starting point for your discussion. Think about the collection of tasks to see if there is a sampling of the four types: contextual, purposeful representative, content-specific and practice/consolidation. Grade Groups K-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12 K-2 3-5 6-8 9-12

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Grade Groups and Rooms TASKROOM K - 2Kensington 1 3 - 5Kensington 2 6 - 8Manchester 9 - 12London A

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12:00-12:45

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Board Teams Analyze the tasks that you brought using the conversation tool.

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Insert video of Superintendent Observations here

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Insert Video of Principal as Co-Learner here.

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Cross-Board Like-Role Sharing - strategy -how did you monitor it? -what did you learn? ROLEROOM Superintendent Bristol Principal / Vice Principal Kensington 1 Principal / Vice Principal Kensington 2 Program Staff /Teacher Manchester Program Staff /Teacher London A

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Spring SIM There will be like-role, cross board sharing again but you will need 2 pieces of evidence. If you are an SO you will need evidence of your new learning and evidence of what the principals in your FOS have learned. If you are a principal you bring evidence of your learning and the learning of your teachers. If you are program staff, bring evidence of your learning and the learning of educators you work with.

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YOUR FEEDBACK IS IMPORTANT Complete your feedback survey at http://sim.abel.yorku.ca https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/LONDONWESTDAYONE or

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For Tomorrow: Start Time – 8:30 a.m. Breakfast – 7:30 a.m. Breakout sessions: District teams are asked to send representatives from their team to each of the 4 breakout sessions both in the AM and in the PM sessions. (See summary sheets on your tables for breakout descriptions.) Feedback Form : Please complete electronic or hard copy feedback form for Day 1

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Breakout rooms for Team discussions District Breakout room for Team discussion Windsor-Essex CDSB Kensington 1 St. Clair CDSB Kensington 2 Greater Essex County DSB Manchester Thames Valley DSB London A London District CSB Huron Perth CDSB Avon Maitland DSB Lambton Kent DSB Provincial Schools Bristol A, B, C

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See you at the Spring 2015 SIM K-12!

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